How to format your references using the Innovative Infrastructure Solutions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Innovative Infrastructure Solutions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gewin V (2003) Biomedicine meets engineering. Nature 425:324–325
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Jones RH, Flynn KJ (2005) Nutritional status and diet composition affect the value of diatoms as copepod prey. Science 307:1457–1459
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
De’ath G, Lough JM, Fabricius KE (2009) Declining coral calcification on the Great Barrier Reef. Science 323:116–119
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Lo JC, Wang Y, Tumanov AV, et al (2007) Lymphotoxin beta receptor-dependent control of lipid homeostasis. Science 316:285–288

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bai Q, Bai Y, Ruan W (2017) Advances in Pipes and Pipelines. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Gerrath J (2015) Taming the Wild Grape: Botany and Horticulture in the Vitaceae. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Baste J, Paul C, Sau I, Scornavacca C (2016) Efficient FPT Algorithms for (Strict) Compatibility of Unrooted Phylogenetic Trees. In: Dondi R, Fertin G, Mauri G (eds) Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: 11th International Conference, AAIM 2016, Bergamo, Italy, July 18-20, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 53–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Innovative Infrastructure Solutions.

Blog post
1.
Taub B (2016) SeaWorld Orca Beached Itself To Avoid “Getting Beat Up” By Other Whales. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/seaworld-orca-beached-itself-to-avoid-getting-beat-up-by-other-whales/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1997) Transportation and Telecommunications Issue Area--Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Simon JT (2017) Classification of Mechanical and Electrical Response of High Performance Fiber Reinforced-Geopolymer Composites (HPFR-GPC). Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Brantley B (2017) Returning to Broadway on Heavier Wings. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInnovative Infrastructure Solutions
AbbreviationInnov. Infrastruct. Solut.
ISSN (print)2364-4176
ISSN (online)2364-4184
Scope

Other styles