How to format your references using the Innovative Infrastructure Solutions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Innovative Infrastructure Solutions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Cooper AI (2015) Materials chemistry: cooperative carbon capture. Nature 519:294–295
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Arlot-Bonnemains Y, Prigent C (2002) Cell cycle. A trigger for centrosome duplication. Science 295:455–456
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Barsh GS, Farooqi IS, O’Rahilly S (2000) Genetics of body-weight regulation. Nature 404:644–651
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Ascher DB, Wielens J, Nero TL, et al (2014) Potent hepatitis C inhibitors bind directly to NS5A and reduce its affinity for RNA. Sci Rep 4:4765

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Merritt C (2015) Process Steam Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Mansel RE, Fodstad O, Jiang WG (2007) Metastasis of Breast Cancer. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Tabu K, Bizen N, Taga T, Tanaka S (2013) Gene Regulation of Prominin-1 (CD133) in Normal and Cancerous Tissues. In: Corbeil D (ed) Prominin-1 (CD133): New Insights on Stem & Cancer Stem Cell Biology. Springer, New York, NY, pp 73–85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Innovative Infrastructure Solutions.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2015) Ravens Can Spot a Cheater And Won’t Trust Them. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/ravens-can-spot-cheater-and-dont-it/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2015) Maritime Transportation: Implications of Using U.S. Liquefied-Natural-Gas Carriers for Exports. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Regmi K (2015) Computer Vision and Image Processing Toolbox for MATLAB. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K (2000) Snug as a Dog in a Baby Carrier Is the Latest Refrain for Pet Lovers. New York Times 145

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInnovative Infrastructure Solutions
AbbreviationInnov. Infrastruct. Solut.
ISSN (print)2364-4176
ISSN (online)2364-4184
Scope

Other styles