How to format your references using the Geoscience Communication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoscience Communication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sohi, S. P.: Agriculture. Carbon storage with benefits, Science, 338, 1034–1035, 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, Y. and Zhang, Z.: Potential microRNA-mediated oncogenic intercellular communication revealed by pan-cancer analysis, Sci. Rep., 4, 7097, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bouret, S. G., Draper, S. J., and Simerly, R. B.: Trophic action of leptin on hypothalamic neurons that regulate feeding, Science, 304, 108–110, 2004.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Bringmann, H., Skiniotis, G., Spilker, A., Kandels-Lewis, S., Vernos, I., and Surrey, T.: A kinesin-like motor inhibits microtubule dynamic instability, Science, 303, 1519–1522, 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adams, F. and Aizawa, K.: The Bounds of Cognition, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
Focosi, D. (Ed.): Resistance to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors, Springer International Publishing, Cham, XIII, 188 p. 8 illus., 6 illus. in color pp., 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Bohlouli, M., Schulz, F., Angelis, L., Pahor, D., Brandic, I., Atlan, D., and Tate, R.: Towards an Integrated Platform for Big Data Analysis, in: Integration of Practice-Oriented Knowledge Technology: Trends and Prospectives, edited by: Fathi, M., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 47–56, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoscience Communication.

Blog post
New Orleans Is In Big Trouble:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Space Science: Status of the Hubble Space Telescope Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zavarella, C. A.: Computer -based instruction and remedial mathematics: A study of student retention at a Florida community college, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J.: Students, Cities and States Take the Global Warming Fight to Court, New York Times, 10th August, A11, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sohi, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Sohi, 2012; Li and Zhang, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Zhang, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bringmann et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoscience Communication
ISSN (print)2569-7102
ISSN (online)2569-7110

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