How to format your references using the Geoscience Communication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoscience Communication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weertman, J. R.: Materials science. Retaining the nano in nanocrystalline alloys, Science, 337, 921–922, 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lazar, M. A. and Birnbaum, M. J.: Physiology. De-meaning of metabolism, Science, 336, 1651–1652, 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vendrasco, M. J., Wood, T. E., and Runnegar, B. N.: Articulated Palaeozoic fossil with 17 plates greatly expands disparity of early chitons, Nature, 429, 288–291, 2004.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Smith, G. F., Steenkamp, Y., Klopper, R. R., Siebert, S. J., and Arnold, T. H.: The price of collecting life, Nature, 422, 375–376, 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaplan, W.: Maxima and Minima with Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 1998.
An edited book
Gontier, N. (Ed.): Reticulate Evolution: Symbiogenesis, Lateral Gene Transfer, Hybridization and Infectious Heredity, Springer International Publishing, Cham, XII, 337 p. 61 illus., 54 illus. in color pp., 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Yano, T.: Principle of Insertion and Characteristics, in: Double-Balloon Endoscopy: Theory and Practice, edited by: Sugano, K., Yamamoto, H., and Kita, H., Springer Japan, Tokyo, 19–22, 2006.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoscience Communication.

Blog post
What’s Going On With These Weird Ripply Clouds?


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: HUD’s Expenditure Plan Satisfied Statutory Conditions; Sustained Controls and Modernization Approach Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ortiz-Quiusky, S.: Substance abuse, smoking, and depression among military veterans, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J.: Donated Slides From the Met Get a Second Life, and Viewing, New York Times, 16th April, A15, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weertman, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Weertman, 2012; Lazar and Birnbaum, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lazar and Birnbaum, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoscience Communication
ISSN (print)2569-7102
ISSN (online)2569-7110

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