How to format your references using the Geoscience Communication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoscience Communication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger, K.: At last, a chance for postdocs to learn how to teach, Nature, 415, 5, 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matsumoto, K. and Tanaka, K.: Neuroscience. Conflict and cognitive control, Science, 303, 969–970, 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
GrandPré, T., Li, S., and Strittmatter, S. M.: Nogo-66 receptor antagonist peptide promotes axonal regeneration, Nature, 417, 547–551, 2002.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Shimobaba, T., Yamanashi, H., Kakue, T., Oikawa, M., Okada, N., Endo, Y., Hirayama, R., Masuda, N., and Ito, T.: In-line digital holographic microscopy using a consumer scanner, Sci. Rep., 3, 2664, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levy, D.: Practical Diabetes Care, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2011.
An edited book
Mosteller, F.: The Pleasures of Statistics: The Autobiography of Frederick Mosteller, edited by: Fienberg, S. E., Hoaglin, D. C., and Tanur, J. M., Springer, New York, NY, XVI, 344 p pp., 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Lesniewski, P. and Bartoszewicz, A.: LQ Optimal Control of Periodic Review Perishable Inventories with Transportation Losses, in: Advances in Systems Science: Proceedings of the International Conference on Systems Science 2013 (ICSS 2013), edited by: Swiątek, J., Grzech, A., Swiątek, P., and Tomczak, J. M., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 45–55, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoscience Communication.

Blog post
Newly Discovered Ant Virus May Help Control Global Invader:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Research: Information on DOE’s Laboratory-Directed Research and Development Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Small, C. R.: An investigation on the effect(s) of different modes of intervention for weight management on HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol production among United States veterans, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L.: Insider Named President of Farmingdale College, New York Times, 21st January, LI2, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kreeger, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kreeger, 2002; Matsumoto and Tanaka, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matsumoto and Tanaka, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Shimobaba et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoscience Communication
ISSN (print)2569-7102
ISSN (online)2569-7110

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