How to format your references using the Geoscience Communication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoscience Communication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hochstrasser, M.: Origin and function of ubiquitin-like proteins, Nature, 458(7237), 422–429, 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vukmirovic, O. G. and Tilghman, S. M.: Exploring genome space, Nature, 405(6788), 820–822, 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
Corezzi, S., Fioretto, D. and Rolla, P.: Bond-controlled configurational entropy reduction in chemical vitrification, Nature, 420(6916), 653–656, 2002.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Robertson, I. D., Yourdkhani, M., Centellas, P. J., Aw, J. E., Ivanoff, D. G., Goli, E., Lloyd, E. M., Dean, L. M., Sottos, N. R., Geubelle, P. H., Moore, J. S. and White, S. R.: Rapid energy-efficient manufacturing of polymers and composites via frontal polymerization, Nature, 557(7704), 223–227, 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fliszár, S.: Atomic Charges, Bond Properties, and Molecular Energies, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2008.
An edited book
Li, K., Li, X., Irwin, G. W. and He, G., Eds.: Life System Modeling and Simulation: International Conference, LSMS 2007, Shanghai, China, September 14-17, 2007. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Reinholtz, C., Hong, D., Wicks, A., Bacha, A., Bauman, C., Faruque, R., Fleming, M., Terwelp, C., Alberi, T., Anderson, D., Cacciola, S., Currier, P., Dalton, A., Farmer, J., Hurdus, J., Kimmel, S., King, P., Taylor, A., Van Covern, D. and Webster, M.: Odin: Team VictorTango’s Entry in the DARPA Urban Challenge, in The DARPA Urban Challenge: Autonomous Vehicles in City Traffic, edited by M. Buehler, K. Iagnemma, and S. Singh, pp. 125–162, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2009.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoscience Communication.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Octopus Hide-and-Seek, IFLScience, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Transportation Safety: Opportunities for Enhancing Safety Across Modes, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Viramontes, M.: Parenting styles and practices and their impact on school behavior, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA., 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McWHORTER, J.: How to Listen to Donald Trump Every Day for Years, New York Times, 21st January, SR1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hochstrasser, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Hochstrasser, 2009; Vukmirovic and Tilghman, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vukmirovic and Tilghman, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Robertson et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoscience Communication
ISSN (print)2569-7102
ISSN (online)2569-7110

Other styles