How to format your references using the Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Chicurel M. Putting a name on it. Nature. 2002;419:755, 757.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rao M, Sockanathan S. Transmembrane protein GDE2 induces motor neuron differentiation in vivo. Science. 2005;309:2212–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Min S-K, Zhang X, Zwiers F. Human-induced Arctic moistening. Science. 2008;320:518–20.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Townsend D, Lahankar SA, Lee SK, Chambreau SD, Suits AG, Zhang X, et al. The roaming atom: straying from the reaction path in formaldehyde decomposition. Science. 2004;306:1158–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sawant RJ. Infrastructure Investing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Kwaśnicka H, Jain LC, editors. Innovations in Intelligent Image Analysis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Yu.N. Z, V.a. A. Hierarchical Scale-Free Representation of Biological Realm—Its Origin and Evolution. In: Dobretsov N, Kolchanov N, Rozanov A, Zavarzin G, editors. Biosphere Origin and Evolution. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008. p. 69–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports.

Blog post
1. Hale T. David Attenborough Signs Open Letter To End Experiments On Non-Human Primates [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/david-attenborough-signs-open-letter-to-end-experiments-on-nonhuman-primates/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfers: Benefits of Cooperative R&D Agreements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Dec. Report No.: RCED-95-52.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Farooq AS. Singing the blues: Indicators of mental illness among nursing home elderly [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Leland J. Midcentury City. New York Times. 2017 Mar 23;MB10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Emerg. Hosp. Med. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-4884
Scope

Other styles