How to format your references using the Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports (Curr Emerg Hosp Med Rep). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hauser MD. Natural history. Beyond the chimpanzee genome: the threat of extinction. Science. 2005;309:1498–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Tokuriki N, Tawfik DS. Protein dynamism and evolvability. Science. 2009;324:203–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Warner DA, Uller T, Shine R. Transgenerational sex determination: the embryonic environment experienced by a male affects offspring sex ratio. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2709.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Liu S, Li P, Dybkov O, Nottrott S, Hartmuth K, Lührmann R, et al. Binding of the human Prp31 Nop domain to a composite RNA-protein platform in U4 snRNP. Science. 2007;316:115–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kula G, Raab M, Stahn S. Beyond Smart Beta. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1. Chen H, Wang F-Y, Yang CC, Zeng D, Chau M, Chang K, editors. Intelligence and Security Informatics: International Workshop, WISI 2006, Singapore, April 9, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Fersini E, Archetti F, Messina E. Towards a Smooth E-Justice: Semantic Models and Machine Learning. In: Fathi M, editor. Integration of Practice-Oriented Knowledge Technology: Trends and Prospectives. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 57–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Are Vaccines Making Viruses More Dangerous? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/are-vaccines-making-viruses-more-dangerous/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Issues Presented by Proposal to Create a Government Corporation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Feb. Report No.: T-RCED-95-114.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Miller C. Assembly and analysis of an Sp185/333 gene cluster from the purple sea urchin: Putative evidence for microsatellite-mediated gene and segmental duplication [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Novick SM. As Cheese or Chocolate, Comfort Comes Melted. New York Times. 2013 Dec 29;LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Emerg. Hosp. Med. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-4884
Scope

Other styles