How to format your references using the Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kideys AE. Ecology. Fall and rise of the Black Sea ecosystem. Science. 2002;297:1482–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Huey RB, Ward PD. Hypoxia, global warming, and terrestrial late Permian extinctions. Science. 2005;308:398–401.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Oka Y, Ye M, Zuker CS. Thirst driving and suppressing signals encoded by distinct neural populations in the brain. Nature. 2015;520:349–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Cai D, Wu Z, Jiang J, Wu Y, Feng H, Brown IG, et al. Controlling nitrogen migration through micro-nano networks. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3665.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Liebhart R, Chandramouli D, Wong C, Merkel J. LTE for Public Safety. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Long M, editor. World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering May 26-31, 2012, Beijing, China. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Brown E. The Life and Tools of a Games Designer. In: Bernhaupt R, editor. Evaluating User Experience in Games: Concepts and Methods. London: Springer; 2010. p. 73–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports.

Blog post
1. Taub B. Scientists May Have Discovered The Neural Basis Of Human Intelligence [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/scientists-may-have-discovered-the-neural-basis-of-human-intelligence/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Emergency Communications: National Communications System Provides Programs for Priority Calling, but Planning for New Initiatives and Performance Measurement Could be Strengthened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Aug. Report No.: GAO-09-822.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dillon M. Active aging program for older adults with early stage dementia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Setting a New Standard for a Long-Beleaguered Franchise. New York Times. 2010 Oct 16;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Emerg. Hosp. Med. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-4884
Scope

Other styles