How to format your references using the Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bassham DC. Plant biology: Pigments on the move. Nature. 2015;526:644–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Benton MJ, Ayala FJ. Dating the tree of life. Science. 2003;300:1698–700.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Alexander RB, Smith RA, Schwarz GE. Effect of stream channel size on the delivery of nitrogen to the Gulf of Mexico. Nature. 2000;403:758–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Clark PU, Marshall SJ, Clarke GK, Hostetler SW, Licciardi JM, Teller JT. Freshwater forcing of abrupt climate change during the last glaciation. Science. 2001;293:283–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cox DA. Galois Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
1. Basili R, Bosco C, Delmonte R, Moschitti A, Simi M, editors. Harmonization and Development of Resources and Tools for Italian Natural Language Processing within the PARLI Project. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Geweniger V, Bohlander A. The Exercises. In: Bohlander A, editor. Pilates − A Teachers’ Manual: Exercises with Mats and Equipment for Prevention and Rehabilitation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 57–148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Extraordinary Black-And-White Photos Of African Wildlife By Laurent Baheux [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. DOD Overseas Schools: Compensation Adequate for Recruiting and Retaining Well-Qualified Teachers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Dec. Report No.: GAO-03-19.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Freedman R. Assessing the functional recovery and connectivity potential of restored estuaries in southern California using juvenile predator fish movements [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Stevenson A, de la MERCED MJ. With Crowding in U.S. Market, Activist Investors Look to Europe. New York Times. 2017 Jun 27;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports
ISSN (online)2196-3010

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