How to format your references using the Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wang Q. China’s citizens must act to save their environment. Nature. 2013;497:159.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Talapin DV, Murray CB. PbSe nanocrystal solids for n- and p-channel thin film field-effect transistors. Science. 2005;310:86–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Babbush R, Love PJ, Aspuru-Guzik A. Adiabatic quantum simulation of quantum chemistry. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6603.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. McElroy K, Simmonds RW, Hoffman JE, Lee D-H, Orenstein J, Eisaki H, et al. Relating atomic-scale electronic phenomena to wave-like quasiparticle states in superconducting Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta. Nature. 2003;422:592–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cox I, Gaudard MA, Stephens ML. Visual Six Sigma, Second Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Wu X, Jain L, Graña M, Duro RJ, d’Anjou A, Wang PP, editors. Information Processing with Evolutionary Algorithms: From Industrial Applications to Academic Speculations. London: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Martínez FMC. Hair loss in women. In: Preedy VR, editor. Handbook of hair in health and disease. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers; 2012. p. 70–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. A ‘Bionic Leaf’ Turns Solar Energy Into Chemicals And Fuels [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Vehicle Collisions and Aftermarket Collision Avoidance Technologies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Apr. Report No.: GAO-14-408R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Krishnan R. Generalized Conditional Matching Algorithm for Ordered and Unordered Sets [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. David Goodman J. Tears and Anger in Queens After Mother Loses Another Son to Violence. New York Times. 2015 Sep 3;A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports
ISSN (online)2196-3010

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