How to format your references using the Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kong X. China must protect high-quality arable land. Nature. 2014;506:7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Masiello CA, Louchouarn P. Ecology. Fire in the ocean. Science. 2013;340:287–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Labeit A, Peinemann F, Kedir A. Cervical cancer screening service utilisation in UK. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2362.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. VanderVen BC, Harder JD, Crick DC, Belisle JT. Export-mediated assembly of mycobacterial glycoproteins parallels eukaryotic pathways. Science. 2005;309:941–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lhabitant F-S. Hedge Funds. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2004.
An edited book
1. Seki T, Sawamoto K, Parent JM, Alvarez-Buylla A, editors. Neurogenesis in the Adult Brain II: Clinical Implications. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Zhang L, Neuhäußer MR. Model Checking Interactive Markov Chains. In: Esparza J, Majumdar R, editors. Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems: 16th International Conference, TACAS 2010, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2010, Paphos, Cyprus, March 20-28, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 53–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Medication May Help Treat Cocaine Addiction For The First Time [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security: TSA Could Strengthen Monitoring of Allegations of Employee Misconduct. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Jul. Report No.: GAO-13-624.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Borogovac A. Novel method for superior detection of functional changes in CBF using arterial spin labeling fMRI [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. de la MERCED MJ, Steel E. As Content Makers Rise, Malone Eyes Consolidation. New York Times. 2017 Jul 19;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports
ISSN (online)2196-3010

Other styles