How to format your references using the Journal of Stomatology oral and Maxillofacial Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Stomatology oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fabian AC. Radio galaxies. Bubbles, flows, and fields. Science 2002;296:1040–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Low HH, Löwe J. A bacterial dynamin-like protein. Nature 2006;444:766–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sigman DM, Jaccard SL, Haug GH. Polar ocean stratification in a cold climate. Nature 2004;428:59–63.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Baek S-Y, Kaneda F, Ozawa M, Edamatsu K. Experimental violation and reformulation of the Heisenberg’s error-disturbance uncertainty relation. Sci Rep 2013;3:2221.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kontush A, Chapman MJ. High-Density Lipoproteins. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Zhou Y. Empirical Analysis on Income Inequality of Chinese Residents. vol. 1. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Stiesch G, Eckert P. Reaction Kinetics. In: Merker GP, Schwarz C, Teichmann R, editors. Combustion Engines Development: Mixture Formation, Combustion, Emissions and Simulation, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 169–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Stomatology oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.

Blog post
Davis J. Researchers Turn To Science To Try And Save World’s Coral Reefs. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Race To The Top: States Implementing Teacher and Principal Evaluation Systems despite Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sefrit J. A study of the effectiveness of a school district’s mentoring /professional development plan for beginning teachers. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Gifts From a Fan Give Cespedes a Lift. New York Times 2016:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Stomatology oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
ISSN (print)2468-7855

Other styles