How to format your references using the Geological Society, London, Special Publications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geological Society, London, Special Publications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yin, Q.-Z. 2004. Planetary science. Predicting the Sun’s oxygen isotope composition. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305, 1729–1730.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lubchenco, J. & Sutley, N. 2010. Science policy. Proposed U.S. policy for ocean, coast, and Great Lakes stewardship. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328, 1485–1486.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eccleston, A., Cesari, F. & Skipper, M. 2013. Transcription and epigenetics. Nature, 502, 461.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Carlson, M.A., Smith, L.M., Cordes, C.M., Chao, J. & Eudy, J.D. 2013. Attachment-regulated signaling networks in the fibroblast-populated 3D collagen matrix. Scientific reports, 3, 1880.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wartewig, S. 2005. IR and Raman Spectroscopy. Weinheim, FRG, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Wu, J. (ed.). 2016. Transcriptomics and Gene Regulation, 1st ed. 2016. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, Translational Bioinformatics.
A chapter in an edited book
Kundu, M. 2013. Helicobacter pylori Peptidyl Prolyl cis, trans Isomerase: A Modulator of the Host Immune Response. In: Henderson, B. (ed.) Moonlighting Cell Stress Proteins in Microbial Infections. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, Heat Shock Proteins, 81–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geological Society, London, Special Publications.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. New Study Suggests Meditation Can Actually Alter Your Body On A Cellular Level. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Higher Education: United States’ and Other Countries’ Strategies for Attracting and Funding International Students. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-08-878T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, J.A. 2011. Demobilizing the Minors: Examining Compliance with International Child Soldiering Laws. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Faludi, S. 2016. How Hillary Clinton Met Satan. New York Times, SR5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yin 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Yin 2004; Lubchenco & Sutley 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lubchenco & Sutley 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Carlson et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeological Society, London, Special Publications
AbbreviationGeol. Soc. Spec. Publ.
ISSN (print)0305-8719
ISSN (online)2041-4927
Ocean Engineering
Water Science and Technology

Other styles