How to format your references using the Alcoholism and Drug Addiction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alcoholism and Drug Addiction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Ruiz J. The stability against freezing of an internal liquid-water ocean in Callisto. Nature 2001;412:409–11.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kirkup BC, Riley MA. Antibiotic-mediated antagonism leads to a bacterial game of rock-paper-scissors in vivo. Nature 2004;428:412–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Dunn EW, Aknin LB, Norton MI. Spending money on others promotes happiness. Science 2008;319:1687–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Oulton RF, Sorger VJ, Zentgraf T, Ma R-M, Gladden C, Dai L, et al. Plasmon lasers at deep subwavelength scale. Nature 2009;461:629–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bilbao S. Wave and Scattering Methods for Numerical Simulation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Bang-Jensen J. Digraphs: Theory, Algorithms and Applications. London: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Davidson JO. Treble Troubles? Marketization, Social Protection and Emancipation Considered Through the Lens of Slavery. In: Karner C, Weicht B, editors. The Commonalities of Global Crises: Markets, Communities and Nostalgia, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016, p. 87–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alcoholism and Drug Addiction.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. New Finch Species Evolves Before Our Eyes. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-finch-species-evolves-our-eyes/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Census Bureau Testing of 2010 Decennial Systems Can Be Strengthened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Holmes K. Ethical practice online: An exploration of provider liability risk among practitioners in the emerging field of online therapy. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly C. Good Customers, Bad Bill Payers. New York Times 2009:B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAlcoholism and Drug Addiction
AbbreviationAlkohol. Narkom.
ISSN (print)0867-4361
Scope

Other styles