How to format your references using the Alcoholism and Drug Addiction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alcoholism and Drug Addiction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moczek AP. Evolutionary biology: the origins of novelty. Nature 2011;473:34–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams D, Baverstock K. Chernobyl and the future: too soon for a final diagnosis. Nature 2006;440:993–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kainulainen J, Federrath C, Henning T. Unfolding the laws of star formation: the density distribution of molecular clouds. Science 2014;344:183–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Carreiras M, Lopez J, Rivero F, Corina D. Linguistic perception: neural processing of a whistled language. Nature 2005;433:31–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson JB. Bandwidth Efficient Coding. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Parker LE, Schneider FE, Schultz AC, editors. Multi-Robot Systems. From Swarms to Intelligent Automata Volume III: Proceedings from the 2005 International Workshop on Multi-Robot Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Sosík P. Active Membranes, Proteins on Membranes, Tissue P Systems: Complexity-Related Issues and Challenges. In: Alhazov A, Cojocaru S, Gheorghe M, Rogozhin Y, Rozenberg G, Salomaa A, editors. Membrane Computing: 14th International Conference, CMC 2013, Chişinău, Republic of Moldova, August 20-23, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 40–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alcoholism and Drug Addiction.

Blog post
Andrew E. How To Raise Tasty Cannibal Crabs. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Inspectors General: Alleged Misconduct by NASA Inspector General. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greenhall JA. Elucidating mechanisms of accelerated neurological aging. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goodman PS. As U.S. Raises Walls on Trade, Allies Move On. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAlcoholism and Drug Addiction
AbbreviationAlkohol. Narkom.
ISSN (print)0867-4361

Other styles