How to format your references using the Geodesy and Geodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geodesy and Geodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Fratzl, Applied physics: The virtues of tiling, Nature. 516 (2014) 178–179.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Deming, S. Seager, Light and shadow from distant worlds, Nature. 462 (2009) 301–306.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. Preusser, D. Radies, A. Matter, A 160,000-year record of dune development and atmospheric circulation in Southern Arabia, Science. 296 (2002) 2018–2020.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.A. Kennedy, F. Barabé, A.G. Poeppl, J.C.Y. Wang, J.E. Dick, Comment on “Tumor growth need not be driven by rare cancer stem cells,” Science. 318 (2007) 1722; author reply 1722.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K.D. Wong, Fundamentals of Wireless Communication Engineering Technologies, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
P. Desfray, J. Filipe, S. Hammoudi, L.F. Pires, eds., Model-Driven Engineering and Software Development: Third International Conference, MODELSWARD 2015, Angers, France, February 9-11, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2015, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Aloia, A. Shieh, Intestinal Calcium Absorption Efficiency in Women and the Influence of Menopause, in: C.J. Hollins Martin, R.R. Watson, V.R. Preedy (Eds.), Nutrition and Diet in Menopause, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2013: pp. 67–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geodesy and Geodynamics.

Blog post
J. Fang, Different Butterflies And Moths Experience Climate Change Differently, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, [Comments on STURA Act’s Effects on Funding for Los Angeles Metrorail System], U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V.M. Mitchell, A phenomenological study factors African American female college students face participating in engineering STEM majors, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.K. Schilling, Fine Dining Is Toast, New York Times. (2017) M2106.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGeodesy and Geodynamics
AbbreviationGeod. Geodyn.
ISSN (print)1674-9847

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