How to format your references using the Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wootton JT. Field parameterization and experimental test of the neutral theory of biodiversity. Nature. 2005;433:309–12.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Jung H, Karato S. Water-induced fabric transitions in olivine. Science. 2001;293:1460–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Chu L, Xiao K-J, Yu J-Q. Room-temperature enantioselective C-H iodination via kinetic resolution. Science. 2014;346:451–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Liu Y, Lu C, Twigg S, Ghaffari M, Lin J, Winograd N, et al. Direct observation of ion distributions near electrodes in ionic polymer actuators containing ionic liquids. Sci Rep. 2013;3:973.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sestina JE. Planning a Successful Future. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1. Carr JC, Carroll TJ, editors. Magnetic Resonance Angiography: Principles and Applications. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Yajima N, Imamura T, Izutsu N, Abe T. The Future of Scientific Ballooning. In: Imamura T, Izutsu N, Yajima N, editors. Scientific Ballooning: Technology and Applications of Exploration Balloons Floating in the Stratosphere and the Atmospheres of Other Planets. New York, NY: Springer; 2009. p. 195–203.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. A Glass Of Wine A Day May Help Keep The Heart Disease Away - But Only For 15% Of Us [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA: Issues Surrounding the Transition from the Space Shuttle to the Next Generation of Human Space Flight Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Mar. Report No.: GAO-07-595T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dillon M. Active aging program for older adults with early stage dementia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. Time Takes the Sharp Edges Off a Femme Fatale in a David Hare Revival. New York Times. 2016 Oct 24;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
AbbreviationJ. Mammary Gland Biol. Neoplasia
ISSN (print)1083-3021
ISSN (online)1573-7039
ScopeCancer Research

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