How to format your references using the Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Harwood C. A microbiologist hopes to disrupt bacterial “decisions.” Nature. 2008;455:5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Allsop DJ, West SA. Life history: changing sex at the same relative body size. Nature. 2003;425:783–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Greene CH, Monger BC, McGarry LP. Ecology. Some like it cold. Science. 2009;324:733–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Li J, Mei Z, Liu L, Liang H, Azarov A, Kuznetsov A, et al. Probing defects in nitrogen-doped Cu2O. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7240.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hase Y. Handbook of Power Systems Engineering with Power Electronics Applications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Sigamani V, Miller JJH, Narasimhan R, Mathiazhagan P, Victor F, editors. Differential Equations and Numerical Analysis: Tiruchirappalli, India, January 2015. New Delhi: Springer India; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Keeble AH, Maté MJ, Kleanthous C. HNH Endonucleases. In: Belfort M, Wood DW, Stoddard BL, Derbyshire V, editors. Homing Endonucleases and Inteins. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. p. 49–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. How Did The Moon Form? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Need To Reexamine JTIDS Requirements and Architecture. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Apr. Report No.: MASAD-82-28.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Grannis KS. Secular spiritual quests in modern American novels, 1922–1960 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. QUICK BITE/Chatham; A Cupful Of Vienna. New York Times. 2006 Jun 11;14NJ21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
AbbreviationJ. Mammary Gland Biol. Neoplasia
ISSN (print)1083-3021
ISSN (online)1573-7039
ScopeCancer Research

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