How to format your references using the Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fontana W. (2006) Chemistry. Pulling strings. Science 314, 1552–1553.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scholes M. C. and Scholes R. J. (2013) Ecology. Dust unto dust. Science 342, 565–566.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fialkov A., Barkana R. and Visbal E. (2014) The observable signature of late heating of the Universe during cosmic reionization. Nature 506, 197–199.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Conley D. J., Paerl H. W., Howarth R. W., Boesch D. F., Seitzinger S. P., Havens K. E., Lancelot C. and Likens G. E. (2009) Ecology. Controlling eutrophication: nitrogen and phosphorus. Science 323, 1014–1015.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chu L.-Y. and Wang W. (2017) Microfluidics for Advanced Functional Polymeric Materials., Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Löwe W. and Südholt M. eds. (2006) Software Composition: 5th International Symposium, SC 2006 Vienna, Austria, March 25-26, 2006 Revised Papers., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Marková H., Kopecký M. and Suchánek R. (2016) The Process of Budgeting and Issues of Indebtedness in the Czech Republic. In Fiscal Rules - Limits on Governmental Deficits and Debt (ed. F. L. Morrison). Ius Comparatum - Global Studies in Comparative Law. Springer International Publishing, Cham. pp. 85–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.

Blog post
Andrew D. (2016) How To Save Inbred, Short-Faced Dogs Such As Pugs And Bulldogs From Poor Health. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Aviation Safety: System Safety Approach Needs Further Integration into FAA’s Oversight of Airlines., U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prendergast C. A. (2017) Nontraditional online students perceptions on student success conditions. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. (2008) Justices Rule on Retroactivity of Decisions. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fontana, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Fontana, 2006; Scholes and Scholes, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scholes and Scholes, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Conley et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
AbbreviationGeochim. Cosmochim. Acta
ISSN (print)0016-7037
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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