How to format your references using the Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koenig R. (2000) ACADEMIC FREEDOM: Political Scientist Becomes Cause Celebre. Science 289, 846b–7b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schlapbach L. and Züttel A. (2001) Hydrogen-storage materials for mobile applications. Nature 414, 353–358.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhuang J., Yu G.-R. and Nakayama K. (2014) A series RCL circuit theory for analyzing non-steady-state water uptake of maize plants. Sci. Rep. 4, 6720.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xu X., Wittenberg N. J., Jordan L. R., Kumar S., Watzlawik J. O., Warrington A. E., Oh S.-H. and Rodriguez M. (2013) A patterned recombinant human IgM guides neurite outgrowth of CNS neurons. Sci. Rep. 3, 2267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tebbani S., Lopes F., Filali R., Dumur D. and Pareau D. (2014) CO 2 Biofixation by Microalgae., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Condon A., Harel D., Kok J. N., Salomaa A. and Winfree E. eds. (2009) Algorithmic Bioprocesses., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kemmis S., McTaggart R. and Nixon R. (2014) A New View of Research: Research Within Practice Traditions. In The Action Research Planner: Doing Critical Participatory Action Research (eds. R. McTaggart and R. Nixon). Springer, Singapore. pp. 67–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.

Blog post
Andrew E. (2013) Journeying to the Earth’s core. IFLScience. Available at:’s-core/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Maritime Administration: Weaknesses Identified in Management of the Title XI Loan Guarantee Program., U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Felsburg D. F. (2008) The business of evangelism: A phenomenological study of frustration and attrition among Christian evangelists. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt L. F. (2006) Long Island Weekend: A 48-Hour Treadmill of Activity -- Sunday. New York Times, 14LI13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koenig, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Koenig, 2000; Schlapbach and Züttel, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schlapbach and Züttel, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
AbbreviationGeochim. Cosmochim. Acta
ISSN (print)0016-7037
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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