How to format your references using the Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levine M. (2014) Retrospective. Walter Gehring (1939-2014). Science 345, 277.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vaquero-Sedas M. I. and Vega-Palas M. A. (2013) Differential association of Arabidopsis telomeres and centromeres with histone H3 variants. Sci. Rep. 3, 1202.
A journal article with 3 authors
Krishnan M., Ugaz V. M. and Burns M. A. (2002) PCR in a Rayleigh-Bénard convection cell. Science 298, 793.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Matsubayashi K., Maki M., Tsuzuki T., Nishioka T. and Sato N. K. (2002) Magnetic properties: parasitic ferromagnetism in a hexaboride? Nature 420, 143–4; discussion 144.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Larrieu N. and Varet A. (2014) Rapid Prototyping of Software for Avionics Systems., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Schomburg H. (2006) Higher Education and Graduate Employment in Europe: Results from Graduate Surveys from Twelve Countries. ed. U. Teichler, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Hirashima A. (2009) Tyramine and Octopamine Receptors as a Source of Biorational Insecticides. In Biorational Control of Arthropod Pests: Application and Resistance Management (eds. I. Ishaaya and A. R. Horowitz). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. pp. 83–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.

Blog post
Andrew E. (2015) Why Homeopathy Must Not Gain A Foothold In The UK. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Federal Research: Determination of the Best Qualified Sites for DOE’s Super Collider., U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson D. A. (2008) Job satisfaction in the operating room: An analysis of the cultural competence of nurses. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. (2010) For U.S. Soccer And Bradley, Staying Put Is Right Move. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levine, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Vaquero-Sedas and Vega-Palas, 2013; Levine, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vaquero-Sedas and Vega-Palas, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Matsubayashi et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
AbbreviationGeochim. Cosmochim. Acta
ISSN (print)0016-7037
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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