How to format your references using the Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mardis E. R. (2011) A decade’s perspective on DNA sequencing technology. Nature 470, 198–203.
A journal article with 2 authors
Valsami-Jones E. and Lynch I. (2015) NANOSAFETY. How safe are nanomaterials? Science 350, 388–389.
A journal article with 3 authors
Makovicky P. J., Apesteguía S. and Agnolín F. L. (2005) The earliest dromaeosaurid theropod from South America. Nature 437, 1007–1011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Middey S., Rivero P., Meyers D., Kareev M., Liu X., Cao Y., Freeland J. W., Barraza-Lopez S. and Chakhalian J. (2014) Polarity compensation in ultra-thin films of complex oxides: the case of a perovskite nickelate. Sci. Rep. 4, 6819.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Seifert R. J. (2015) Profiting from Weekly Options., John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lemieux V. L. ed. (2016) Building Trust in Information: Perspectives on the Frontiers of Provenance., Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Semeraro G., Basile P., de Gemmis M. and Lops P. (2007) Discovering User Profiles from Semantically Indexed Scientific Papers. In From Web to Social Web: Discovering and Deploying User and Content Profiles: Workshop on Web Mining, WebMine 2006, Berlin, Germany, September 18, 2006. Revised Selected and Invited Papers (eds. B. Berendt, A. Hotho, D. Mladenic, and G. Semeraro). Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp. 61–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.

Blog post
Andrew E. (2015) Planetary And Human Health - One Coin, Two Sides. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Transportation Issue Area: Active Assignments., U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Antoshin S. (2010) Modeling inflation expectations in the U.K. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. (2017) The Fight to Stay Alive. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mardis, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Mardis, 2011; Valsami-Jones and Lynch, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Valsami-Jones and Lynch, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Middey et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
AbbreviationGeochim. Cosmochim. Acta
ISSN (print)0016-7037
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

Other styles