How to format your references using the Frontiers in Chemoattractants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Chemoattractants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kulmala, M. (2015). Atmospheric chemistry: China’s choking cocktail. Nature 526, 497–499.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yoshida, N., and Toyoda, S. (2000). Constraining the atmospheric N2O budget from intramolecular site preference in N2O isotopomers. Nature 405, 330–334.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gregg, M. C., Sanford, T. B., and Winkel, D. P. (2003). Reduced mixing from the breaking of internal waves in equatorial waters. Nature 422, 513–515.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim, Y. J., Lee, H. S., Kim, E. S., Bae, S. S., Lim, J. K., Matsumi, R., et al. (2010). Formate-driven growth coupled with H(2) production. Nature 467, 352–355.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Homès, B. (2012). Fundamentals of Software Testing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Blythe, M. A., Overbeeke, K., Monk, A. F., and Wright, P. C. eds. (2005). Funology: From Usability to Enjoyment. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Crain, T., Imbs, D., and Raynal, M. (2012). “Towards a Universal Construction for Transaction-Based Multiprocess Programs,” in Distributed Computing and Networking: 13th International Conference, ICDCN 2012, Hong Kong, China, January 3-6, 2012. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. L. Bononi, A. K. Datta, S. Devismes, and A. Misra (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Chemoattractants.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Stress Can Alter Your Genome. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Public Transportation: Opportunities Exist to Improve the Communication and Transparency of Changes Made to the New Starts Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guzman, S. (2015). Numerical investigations of a pipe jet with coil insert issuing into a crossflow.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010). Just Call Them Edwardian. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kulmala, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Yoshida and Toyoda, 2000; Kulmala, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yoshida and Toyoda, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Chemoattractants
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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