How to format your references using the Frontiers in Chemoattractants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Chemoattractants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloch, I. (2008). Quantum gases. Science 319, 1202–1203.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singer, A. L., and Koretzky, G. A. (2002). Control of T cell function by positive and negative regulators. Science 296, 1639–1640.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshikuni, Y., Ferrin, T. E., and Keasling, J. D. (2006). Designed divergent evolution of enzyme function. Nature 440, 1078–1082.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Melosh, N. A., Boukai, A., Diana, F., Gerardot, B., Badolato, A., Petroff, P. M., et al. (2003). Ultrahigh-density nanowire lattices and circuits. Science 300, 112–115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bakus, G. J. (2007). Quantitative Analysis of Marine Biological Communities. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dössel, O., and Schlegel, W. C. eds. (2009). World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, September 7 - 12, 2009, Munich, Germany: Vol. 25/11 Biomedical Engineering for Audiology, Ophthalmology, Emergency & Dental Medicine. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, Z., Li, T., Yuan, F., and Yin, L. (2014). “Synthesis of Linear Antenna Array Using Genetic Algorithm to Control Side Lobe Level,” in Computer Engineering and Networking: Proceedings of the 2013 International Conference on Computer Engineering and Network (CENet2013) Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering., eds. W. E. Wong and T. Zhu (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 39–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Chemoattractants.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015). Here’s What Ursula Would Look Like If She Had Evolved In Different Ocean Environments. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). NASA: Large Programs May Consume Increasing Share of Limited Future Budgets. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenkins, A. K. (2008). Satisfaction and organizational commitment of civilian engineers and scientists in United States naval acquisition.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bidgood, J., and Schwartz, J. (2017). Hurricane Nate Hits Gulf Coast Region Still Recovering From Katrina. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bloch, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Singer and Koretzky, 2002; Bloch, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singer and Koretzky, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Melosh et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Chemoattractants
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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