How to format your references using the Frontiers in Chemoattractants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Chemoattractants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zimmer, C. (2000). EVOLUTION: Parasites Make Scaredy-Rats Foolhardy. Science 289, 525b–7b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chinsamy, A., and Elzanowski, A. (2001). Bone histology. Evolution of growth pattern in birds. Nature 412, 402–403.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hare, T. A., Camerer, C. F., and Rangel, A. (2009). Self-control in decision-making involves modulation of the vmPFC valuation system. Science 324, 646–648.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nguyen, T., Sutton, A. D., Brynda, M., Fettinger, J. C., Long, G. J., and Power, P. P. (2005). Synthesis of a stable compound with fivefold bonding between two chromium(I) centers. Science 310, 844–847.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, H.-X., and Lu, X. (2014). System Design and Control Integration for Advanced Manufacturing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Weber, R. H. (2010). Internet of Things: Legal Perspectives. , ed. R. Weber Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Finkbeiner, B., and Kuhtz, L. (2009). “Monitor Circuits for LTL with Bounded and Unbounded Future,” in Runtime Verification: 9th International Workshop, RV 2009, Grenoble, France, June 26-28, 2009. Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. S. Bensalem and D. A. Peled (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 60–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Chemoattractants.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Polymer Blend Conducts Heat Ten Times More Efficiently Than Conventional Plastics. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012). Commercial Space Transportation: Industry Trends, Government Challenges, and International Competitiveness Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solano Cahuana, I. L. (2015). The Production of Apologies by Colombian Learners of English A Study of Pragmatic Acquisition in an EFL Context.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011). Rain Stopped, and Weirdness Began. New York Times, B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zimmer, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Zimmer, 2000; Chinsamy and Elzanowski, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chinsamy and Elzanowski, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Nguyen et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Chemoattractants
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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