How to format your references using the Frontiers in Chemoattractants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Chemoattractants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E. (2002). Gene therapy: shining hopes dented - but not dashed. Nature 420, 735.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wong, W., and Barlow, H. (2000). Tunes and templates. Nature 404, 952–953.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lykotrafitis, G., Rosakis, A. J., and Ravichandran, G. (2006). Self-healing pulse-like shear ruptures in the laboratory. Science 313, 1765–1768.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tanvir, N. R., Chapman, R., Levan, A. J., and Priddey, R. S. (2005). An origin in the local Universe for some short gamma-ray bursts. Nature 438, 991–993.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Spotte, S. (2016). Tarpons. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Tang, H. (2014). Quantitative Remote Sensing in Thermal Infrared: Theory and Applications. , ed. Z.-L. Li Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vande Wouwer, A., Saucez, P., and Vilas, C. (2014). “How to Handle Steep Moving Fronts?,” in Simulation of ODE/PDE Models with MATLAB®, OCTAVE and SCILAB: Scientific and Engineering Applications, eds. P. Saucez and C. Vilas (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 285–337.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Chemoattractants.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Enceladus Now A Top Candidate For Extraterrestrial Life. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). Space Station: NASA’s Software Development Approach Increases Safety and Cost Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crane, C. C. (2017). A Qualitative Study on the Preferred Working Environment of Southern California Secondary Teachers with Experience in Both a District Traditional School and a District Charter School.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017). A Change Means a Challenge. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Wong and Barlow, 2000; Check, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wong and Barlow, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Tanvir et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Chemoattractants
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

Other styles