How to format your references using the Circulation Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Circulation Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Blázquez MA. Plant science. The right time and place for making flowers. Science 2005;309:1024–1025.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Loh KM, Lim B. Stem cells: Equilibrium established. Nature 2015;521:299–300.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lu K, Lu L, Suresh S. Strengthening materials by engineering coherent internal boundaries at the nanoscale. Science 2009;324:349–352.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Krol KM, Kamboj SK, Curran HV, Grossmann T. Breastfeeding experience differentially impacts recognition of happiness and anger in mothers. Sci Rep 2014;4:7006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cann AJ. Mathe für Biologen. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
1.
Batten L, Li G, editors. Applications and Techniques in Information Security: 6th International Conference, ATIS 2016, Cairns, QLD, Australia, October 26-28, 2016, Proceedings. vol. 651. Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Pendhari SS, Kant T, Desai Y. 2D Stress Analysis of Functionally Graded Beam Under Static Loading Condition. In: Matsagar V, editor. Advances in Structural Engineering: Mechanics, Volume One, New Delhi: Springer India; 2015, p. 35–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Circulation Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Black Bears Charge Towards Tourists At Yellowstone National Park. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/black-bears-charge-towards-tourists-yellowstone-national-park/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. DOT Airline Industry Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bailey RU. A Risk Analysis Tool for Evaluating ROI of TRA for Major Defense Acquisition Programs. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hubbard B, Saad H. Thousands Evacuated From Besieged Syrian Towns. New York Times 2017:A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCirculation Journal
ISSN (print)1346-9843
ISSN (online)1347-4820
Scope

Other styles