How to format your references using the Circulation Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Circulation Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quéré Y. Academies must engage with society. Nature 2010;465:1009.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steinman RM, Mellman I. Immunotherapy: bewitched, bothered, and bewildered no more. Science 2004;305:197–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sereno MI, Pitzalis S, Martinez A. Mapping of contralateral space in retinotopic coordinates by a parietal cortical area in humans. Science 2001;294:1350–1354.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tsukada Y-I, Fang J, Erdjument-Bromage H, Warren ME, Borchers CH, Tempst P, et al. Histone demethylation by a family of JmjC domain-containing proteins. Nature 2006;439:811–816.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ford I. Statistical Physics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Dustdar S. Service Engineering: European Research Results. Vienna: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Cross LE. Relaxor Ferroelectrics. In: Lubitz K, Wersing W, editors. Piezoelectricity: Evolution and Future of a Technology, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 131–155.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Circulation Journal.

Blog post
Luntz S. What could Be Causing This Bizarre Bubbling Lake? IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Public Transportation: Federal Role Key to Rural and Tribal Transit. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wager L. Racial differences in the relationship between child externalizing and corporal punishment: The role of other discipline strategies. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Supreme Court Constrains Judges’ Power in Sentencing. New York Times 2007:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCirculation Journal
ISSN (print)1346-9843
ISSN (online)1347-4820

Other styles