How to format your references using the Circulation Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Circulation Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Goulson D. Ecology: Pesticides linked to bird declines. Nature 2014;511:295–296.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Battisti DS, Naylor RL. Historical warnings of future food insecurity with unprecedented seasonal heat. Science 2009;323:240–244.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lacetera N, Macis M, Slonim R. Public health. Economic rewards to motivate blood donations. Science 2013;340:927–928.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Levy O, Appelbaum L, Leggat W, Gothlif Y, Hayward DC, Miller DJ, et al. Light-responsive cryptochromes from a simple multicellular animal, the coral Acropora millepora. Science 2007;318:467–470.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Broekaert JAC. Analytical Atomic Spectrometry with Flames and Plasmas. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Menchetti PPM, editor. Minimally Invasive Surgery of the Lumbar Spine. London: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Nafar M, Kalantari S. Biomarkers in Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis. In: Patel VB, Preedy VR, editors. Biomarkers in Kidney Disease, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2016, p. 779–809.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Circulation Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Transiting Exoplanet With Longest Year Discovered. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/space/transiting-exoplanet-longest-year-discovered/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfer: Administration of the Bayh-Dole Act by Research Universities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Morales D. Understanding How Perceptions of School Leadership and School Community Relationships Affected Veteran Teachers’ Decisions to Remain Working in Urban Elementary Schools. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gustines GG. Comic-Book Heroes Drawn From Reality. New York Times 2010:E7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCirculation Journal
ISSN (print)1346-9843
ISSN (online)1347-4820
Scope

Other styles