How to format your references using the Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nee, S. (2004). More than meets the eye. Nature, 429(6994), 804–805.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tegmark, M., & Bostrom, N. (2005). Astrophysics: is a doomsday catastrophe likely? Nature, 438(7069), 754.
A journal article with 3 authors
Froemke, R. C., Poo, M.-M., & Dan, Y. (2005). Spike-timing-dependent synaptic plasticity depends on dendritic location. Nature, 434(7030), 221–225.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
He, G., Luo, W., Li, P., Remmers, C., Netzer, W. J., Hendrick, J., et al. (2010). Gamma-secretase activating protein is a therapeutic target for Alzheimer’s disease. Nature, 467(7311), 95–98.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hu, W. (2015). Fundamental Spacecraft Dynamics and Control. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kutyłowski, M., Cichoń, J., & Kubiak, P. (Eds.). (2008). Algorithmic Aspects of Wireless Sensor Networks: Third International Workshop, ALGOSENSORS 2007, Wroclaw, Poland, July 14, 2007, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 4837). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nazaikinskii, V., Schulze, B.-W., & Sternin, B. (2014). Superposition Principle for KK-Theory. In B.-W. Schulze & B. Sternin (Eds.), The Localization Problem in Index Theory of Elliptic Operators (pp. 59–68). Basel: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 16). 3D Printer Builds Homes From Mud In Impoverished Areas. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: The District of Columbia Remains Behind Schedule (No. T-AIMD-99-84). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ochse, A. R. (2013). Targeted Killing, Drones and International Law: How U.S. Practice is Shaping International Law (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017, July 4). In East Hampton, an Airport Is Viewed as a Roaring, Round-the-Clock Nuisance. New York Times, p. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nee, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Nee, 2004; Tegmark & Bostrom, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tegmark & Bostrom, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (He et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
AbbreviationGeochem. Geophys. Geosyst.
ISSN (online)1525-2027
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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