How to format your references using the Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Theise, N. D. (2005). Now you see it, now you don’t. Nature, 435(7046), 1165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Galun, R., & Ole-MoiYoi, O. K. (2003). Obituary: Thomas Risley Odhiambo (1931-2003). Nature, 425(6954), 142.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pulendran, B., Palucka, K., & Banchereau, J. (2001). Sensing pathogens and tuning immune responses. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5528), 253–256.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yan, H., Yu, H., Xing, W., Xiao, Y., Zhang, H., Pei, L., et al. (2014). Development of a proficiency testing program for the HIV-1 BED incidence assay in China. Scientific Reports, 4, 4512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bertau, M., Müller, A., Fröhlich, P., & Katzberg, M. (2013). Industrielle Anorganische Chemie. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Li, S., Saddik, A. E., Wang, M., Mei, T., Sebe, N., Yan, S., et al. (Eds.). (2013). Advances in Multimedia Modeling: 19th International Conference, MMM 2013, Huangshan, China, January 7-9, 2013, Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 7732). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cadossi, R. (2007). From Academy to Industry: Translational Research in Biophysics. In T. Jarm, P. Kramar, & A. Zupanic (Eds.), 11th Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biomedical Engineering and Computing 2007: MEDICON 2007, 26-30 June 2007, Ljubljana, Slovenia (pp. 10–13). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 21). Computer Scientists Generate A Self-Aware Mario That Can Learn And Feel. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Transition From School to Work: S. 1361 Addresses Components of Comprehensive Strategy (No. T-HRD-93-31). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ibarra, A. L. (2017). Novice Clinicians and the Experience of Transcendence in Clinical Training and Supervision (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J. (2017, January 9). All Aboard an ‘Alien Starship.’ New York Times, p. D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pearson, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Clutton-Brock, 2009; Motani, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Galun & Ole-MoiYoi, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Erb Downward et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
AbbreviationGeochem. Geophys. Geosyst.
ISSN (online)1525-2027
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

Other styles