How to format your references using the Australian Veterinary Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Veterinary Journal (AVJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Niven JE. Behavior. How honeybees break a decision-making deadlock. Science 2012;335:43–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jin X, Costa RM. Start/stop signals emerge in nigrostriatal circuits during sequence learning. Nature 2010;466:457–462.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moles A, Kieffer BL, D’Amato FR. Deficit in attachment behavior in mice lacking the mu-opioid receptor gene. Science 2004;304:1983–1986.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Guo B, Ruan H, Zheng C et al. Hierarchical LiFePO4 with a controllable growth of the (010) facet for lithium-ion batteries. Sci Rep 2013;3:2788.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pachamanova DA, Fabozzi FJ. Simulation and Optimization in Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Russo B, Damiani E, Hissam S et al., editors. Open Source Development, Communities and Quality: IFIP 20th World Computer Congress, Working Group 2.3 on Open Source Software, September 7-10, 2008, Milano, Italy. Springer US, Boston, MA, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Foss S, Korshunov D, Zachary S. Maximum of Random Walk. In: Korshunov D, Zachary S, editors. An Introduction to Heavy-Tailed and Subexponential Distributions. Springer, New York, NY, 2011:97–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Veterinary Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. How To Make A Zombie: The Science Behind The Undead. IFLScience IFLScience, 2015. Retrieved October 30 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Improved Controls Needed To Prevent Unauthorized Access at Key Airports. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1988 Jan.Report No.: RCED-88-86.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Igualada MO. The beliefs of advanced placement teachers regarding equity and access to advanced placement courses: A mixed-methods study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL], Boca Raton, FL, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schlossberg T, Schwartz J. A Bumblebee Gets New Protection on Obama’s Way Out. New York Times. 2017;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Veterinary Journal
AbbreviationAust. Vet. J.
ISSN (print)0005-0423
ISSN (online)1751-0813
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

Other styles