How to format your references using the Geochemical Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemical Transactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amaravadi RK (2011) Cancer. Autophagy in tumor immunity. Science 334:1501–1502
A journal article with 2 authors
Bradford L, O’Tierney P (2001) Three-person rule was not set by Nobel himself. Nature 411:413
A journal article with 3 authors
Garcia P, Armstrong R, Zaman MH (2014) Models of education in medicine, public health, and engineering. Science 345:1281–1283
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Maragliano C, Lilliu S, Dahlem MS, et al (2014) Quantifying charge carrier concentration in ZnO thin films by Scanning Kelvin Probe Microscopy. Sci Rep 4:4203

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pickles J, Smith A, Begg R, et al (2015) Articulations of Capital. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Dolev S (2006) Distributed Computing: 20th International Symposium, DISC 2006, Stockholm, Sweden, September 18-20, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Torney F, Frame B, Wang K (2007) Maize. In: Pua E-C, Davey MR (eds) Transgenic Crops IV. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 73–105

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemical Transactions.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Ancient Supernova Mystery Discovered At The Bottom Of The Ocean. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) NASA: Major Challenges for Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barrett BT (2015) Modernizing Copyright for Equitable Treatment in the Streaming Age. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J (2017) At a Village Voice Reunion, They Laughed. They Cried. They Groused. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemical Transactions
AbbreviationGeochem. Trans.
ISSN (online)1467-4866
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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