How to format your references using the Geochemical Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemical Transactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Overpeck JT (2000) Climate change. The hole record. Nature 403:714–715
A journal article with 2 authors
Collier P, Alles CM (2010) Materials science. Materials ecology: an industrial perspective. Science 330:919–920
A journal article with 3 authors
Magnuson JJ, Safina C, Sissenwine MP (2001) Ecology and conservation. Whose fish are they anyway? Science 293:1267–1268
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pelkmans L, Fava E, Grabner H, et al (2005) Genome-wide analysis of human kinases in clathrin- and caveolae/raft-mediated endocytosis. Nature 436:78–86

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ohshima H (2010) Biophysical Chemistry of Biointerfaces. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bledzki LA (2016) Freshwater Crustacean Zooplankton of Europe: Cladocera & Copepoda (Calanoida, Cyclopoida) Key to species identification, with notes on ecology, distribution, methods and introduction to data analysis. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Ismadji S, Soetaredjo FE, Ayucitra A (2015) The Equilibrium Studies in the Adsorption of Hazardous Substances Using Clay Minerals. In: Soetaredjo FE, Ayucitra A (eds) Clay Materials for Environmental Remediation. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 57–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemical Transactions.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Radioactive Boar Roam The Forests Of Germany. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Tax Systems Modernization: Update on Critical Issues Facing IRS. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chan K (2012) Planned experiences compared to performance standards for entry-level dietetic interns. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Palmer E, Otis J (2016) 4 Years After Hurricane Sandy, 2 Households Still Wait to Return Home. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemical Transactions
AbbreviationGeochem. Trans.
ISSN (online)1467-4866
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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