How to format your references using the Geochemical Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemical Transactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Angerer P (2004) Graduate journal: seeking perspective. Nature 427:660
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruocco G, Fratalocchi A (2014) Period doubling induced by thermal noise amplification in genetic circuits. Sci Rep 4:7088
A journal article with 3 authors
Bala ADS, Spitzer MW, Takahashi TT (2003) Prediction of auditory spatial acuity from neural images on the owl’s auditory space map. Nature 424:771–774
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Stankovich S, Dikin DA, Dommett GHB, et al (2006) Graphene-based composite materials. Nature 442:282–286

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hossler FE (2014) Ultrastructure Atlas of Human Tissues. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Badve S, Gökmen-Polar Y (2016) Molecular Pathology of Breast Cancer. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Singh J, Mohanty SP, Pradhan DK (2013) 2-Port SRAM Bitcell Design. In: Mohanty SP, Pradhan DK (eds) Robust SRAM Designs and Analysis. Springer, New York, NY, pp 83–111

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemical Transactions.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Doctors Warn Of Drinking Too Much Water When Ill. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Financial Restatement Database. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Urshel CL (2006) The Technical Adequacy of Standards-Derived Curriculum-Based Measures for Reading Comprehension and Math Computation in Middle School. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Chira S (2017) Jobs Men Don’t Want. New York Times SR3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemical Transactions
AbbreviationGeochem. Trans.
ISSN (online)1467-4866
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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