How to format your references using the Geochemical Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemical Transactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spiegel FW (2012) Evolution. Contemplating the first Plantae. Science 335:809–810
A journal article with 2 authors
Badman MK, Flier JS (2005) The gut and energy balance: visceral allies in the obesity wars. Science 307:1909–1914
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu T, Hashmi A, Hong J (2014) Transparent half metallic g-C4N3 nanotubes: potential multifunctional applications for spintronics and optical devices. Sci Rep 4:6059
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kyba CCM, Wagner JM, Kuechly HU, et al (2013) Citizen science provides valuable data for monitoring global night sky luminance. Sci Rep 3:1835

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bunker G, Thomson D (2006) Delivering Utility Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Lamour R (2013) Differential-Algebraic Equations: A Projector Based Analysis. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Dobosz P, Cierniak R (2014) Using of EM Algorithm to Image Reconstruction Problem with Tomography Noises. In: S. Choras R (ed) Image Processing and Communications Challenges 5. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg, pp 37–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemical Transactions.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Here’s What Happens To Your Brain When You Give Up Sugar For Lent. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Federal Communications Commission: Installment Payment Financing for Personal Communications Services (PCS) Licensees. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bai H (2008) High Temperature Proton-Exchange and Fuel Processing Membranes for Fuel Cells and Other Applications. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cain S (2017) Followers Wanted. New York Times SR1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemical Transactions
AbbreviationGeochem. Trans.
ISSN (online)1467-4866
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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