How to format your references using the Biophysical Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biophysical Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.A. Evans, Electronic publication and the narrowing of science and scholarship, Science. 321 (2008) 395–399.
A journal article with 2 authors
T.H. Solomon, I. Mezić, Uniform resonant chaotic mixing in fluid flows, Nature. 425 (2003) 376–380.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.K. Pickrell, Y. Gilad, J.K. Pritchard, Comment on “Widespread RNA and DNA sequence differences in the human transcriptome,” Science. 335 (2012) 1302; author reply 1302.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Farroni, A.M. Chiarelli, S. Lloyd-Fox, S. Massaccesi, A. Merla, V. Di Gangi, T. Mattarello, D. Faraguna, M.H. Johnson, Infant cortex responds to other humans from shortly after birth, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2851.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N. Summers, Managing Social Service Staff for Excellence, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
A. Spink, C. Cole, eds., New Directions in Cognitive Information Retrieval, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Lluch, Osteoarthritis of the Wrist and DRUJ, in: I.A. Trail, A.N.M. Fleming (Eds.), Disorders of the Hand: Volume 3: Inflammation, Arthritis and Contractures, Springer, London, 2015: pp. 41–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biophysical Chemistry.

Blog post
J. Davis, New Zealand Aims To Completely Eradicate All Introduced Mammalian Predators By 2050, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Prekindergarten: Four Selected States Expanded Access by Relying on Schools and Existing Providers of Early Education and Care to Provide Services, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
W.R. Ray-Dulany, Base change for the Iwahori-Hecke algebra of GL2, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Barron, Now Arriving on the New York Subway: Free E-Books, Timed for Your Commute, New York Times. (2016) A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiophysical Chemistry
AbbreviationBiophys. Chem.
ISSN (print)0301-4622
Organic Chemistry

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