How to format your references using the Biophysical Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biophysical Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Faubert, Professional athletes have extraordinary skills for rapidly learning complex and neutral dynamic visual scenes, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1154.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.J. Shaw, L.C. Cantley, Ras, PI(3)K and mTOR signalling controls tumour cell growth, Nature. 441 (2006) 424–430.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Bai, A.V. Virovets, M. Scheer, Synthesis of inorganic fullerene-like molecules, Science. 300 (2003) 781–783.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.A. Rands, G. Cowlishaw, R.A. Pettifor, J.M. Rowcliffe, R.A. Johnstone, Spontaneous emergence of leaders and followers in foraging pairs, Nature. 423 (2003) 432–434.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F.B. Naini, Facial Aesthetics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK, 2011.
An edited book
R. Nater, Dictionary of Weighing Terms: A Guide to the Terminology of Weighing, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
M.H. Musani, A. Vainrib, R. Gupta, M. Poon, Coronary Artery Disease Evaluation Using Cardiac CTA, in: E.J. Feldmann, M. Poon (Eds.), Clinical Pearls in Diagnostic Cardiac Computed Tomographic Angiography, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 69–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biophysical Chemistry.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Two Colossal Blobs Of Molten Rock Are Hiding Under Africa And The Pacific Ocean, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transportation Security Administration: Progress and Challenges Faced in Strengthening Three Key Security Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.C. Moore, Coping strategies for adolescents whose parents have cancer: A curriculum, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LINDA MARX; Rosalie R. Radomsky contributed reporting from New York, Elizabeth Greig and Jason Extein, New York Times. (2010) ST15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiophysical Chemistry
AbbreviationBiophys. Chem.
ISSN (print)0301-4622
Organic Chemistry

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