How to format your references using the HPB citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HPB. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huang LE. Biochemistry. How HIF-1α handles stress. Science. 2013 Mar 15;339(6125):1285–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bhoj VG, Chen ZJ. Ubiquitylation in innate and adaptive immunity. Nature. 2009 Mar 26;458(7237):430–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ambrose KV, Koppenhöfer AM, Belanger FC. Horizontal gene transfer of a bacterial insect toxin gene into the Epichloë fungal symbionts of grasses. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 3;4:5562.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bini M, Ferrari S, Ferrara C, Mozzati MC, Capsoni D, Pell AJ, et al. Polymorphism and magnetic properties of Li2MSiO4 (M = Fe, Mn) cathode materials. Sci Rep. 2013 Dec 9;3:3452.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berthold HJ, Binnewies M. Chemisches Grundpraktikum. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
Calvo Lopez B, Peña E, editors. Patient-Specific Computational Modeling. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. (Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics; vol. 5).
A chapter in an edited book
Gullà F, Cavalieri L, Ceccacci S, Germani M, Bevilacqua R. Method to Design Adaptable and Adaptive User Interfaces. In: Stephanidis C, editor. HCI International 2015 - Posters’ Extended Abstracts: International Conference, HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015 Proceedings, Part I. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 19–24. (Communications in Computer and Information Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HPB.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Why Understanding Native American Religion Is Important For Resolving The Dakota Access Pipeline Crisis [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Communications Commission: Narrowband Personal Communications Services and Competitive Bidding. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Jul. Report No.: OGC-00-47.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wickramage AS. Analysis of Magnaporthe oryzae homologs of Histoplasma capsulatum RYP genes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Armstrong Can’t Break Away From Doping Charges. New York Times. 2011 May 24;B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Huang 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bhoj and Chen 2009; Huang 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bhoj and Chen 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Bini et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHPB
ISSN (print)1365-182X

Other styles