How to format your references using the HPB citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HPB. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cisne JL. How science survived: medieval manuscripts’ “demography” and classic texts’ extinction. Science. 2005 Feb 25;307(5713):1305–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schultz TF, Kay SA. Circadian clocks in daily and seasonal control of development. Science. 2003 Jul 18;301(5631):326–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Denning DP, Hatch V, Horvitz HR. Programmed elimination of cells by caspase-independent cell extrusion in C. elegans. Nature. 2012 Aug 9;488(7410):226–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Reick M, Garcia JA, Dudley C, McKnight SL. NPAS2: an analog of clock operative in the mammalian forebrain. Science. 2001 Jul 20;293(5529):506–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Clark M. Understanding Diabetes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Sanger C. Mobile World: Past, Present and Future. Hamill L, Lasen A, Diaper D, editors. London: Springer; 2005. (Computer Supported Cooperative Work).
A chapter in an edited book
Kontis D, Theochari E. Preclinical and Clinical Investigation of Antipsychotic Polypharmacy: What Is the Evidence? In: Ritsner MS, editor. Polypharmacy in Psychiatry Practice, Volume I: Multiple Medication Use Strategies. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 75–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HPB.

Blog post
Andrew E. Human-Like Robot Beats Other Bots In DARPA’s Robotics Challenge [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Educating Deaf Students at Federally Assisted Postsecondary Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Feb. Report No.: 129130.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dasari RA. Automatic driving system by recognizing road signs using digital image processing [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM. They’re Like a Sitcom. Really. New York Times. 2017 May 1;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cisne 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Schultz and Kay 2003; Cisne 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schultz and Kay 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Reick et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleHPB
ISSN (print)1365-182X

Other styles