How to format your references using the Journal of Hydraulic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ni, X. (2015). “China’s research & development spend.” Nature, 520(7549), S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hillebrand, R., and Gösele, U. (2004). “Physics. Woodpiles for photons.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5681), 187–188.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, M., Pastor-Pareja, J. C., and Xu, T. (2010). “Interaction between Ras(V12) and scribbled clones induces tumour growth and invasion.” Nature, 463(7280), 545–548.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Iglev, H., Schmeisser, M., Simeonidis, K., Thaller, A., and Laubereau, A. (2006). “Ultrafast superheating and melting of bulk ice.” Nature, 439(7073), 183–186.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lad, B. K., Shrivastava, D., and Kulkarni, M. S. (2016). Machine Tool Reliability. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Pich, A., and Richtering, W. (Eds.). (2011). Chemical Design of Responsive Microgels. Advances in Polymer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Robinson, B. (2016). “The Welfare and Education of Left-Behind Children in Western China.” Educational Development in Western China: Towards Quality and Equity, J. C.-K. Lee, Z. Yu, X. Huang, and E. H.-F. Law, eds., SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 97–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydraulic Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). “Britain’s Oldest Surviving Human Brain Was Preserved In Mud For 2,600 Years.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). National Airspace System: Initiatives to Reduce Flight Delays and Enhance Capacity are Ongoing but Challenges Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hao, S. (2013). “An Introduction to Discrete Minimal Surfaces via the Enneper Surface.” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J. C., Jr. (2017). “Actor Set to Have Key Role In Man’s Drug Murder Trial.” New York Times, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ni 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hillebrand and Gösele 2004; Ni 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hillebrand and Gösele 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Iglev et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydraulic Engineering
AbbreviationJ Hydraul Eng
ISSN (print)0733-9429
ISSN (online)1943-7900
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Water Science and Technology

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