How to format your references using the Journal of Hydraulic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schilling, G. (2000). “ASTROPHYSICS: Neutron Stars Imply Relativity’s a Drag.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5484), 1448a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dong, F., and Miller, R. E. (2002). “Vibrational transition moment angles in isolated biomolecules: a structural tool.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5596), 1227–1230.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rogers, R. R., Krause, D. W., and Curry Rogers, K. (2003). “Cannibalism in the Madagascan dinosaur Majungatholus atopus.” Nature, 422(6931), 515–518.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hargreaves, E. L., Rao, G., Lee, I., and Knierim, J. J. (2005). “Major dissociation between medial and lateral entorhinal input to dorsal hippocampus.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5729), 1792–1794.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rimai, D. S. (2016). Patent Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mahnken, A. H., Wilhelm, K. E., and Ricke, J. (Eds.). (2013). CT- and MR-Guided Interventions in Radiology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Tsang, T., Lin, K.-Y., Allidina, K., and El-Gamal, M. (2009). “Low Power UWB Circuits: Front-End Building Blocks.” Circuits and Systems for Future Generations of Wireless Communications, Series on Integrated Circuits and Systems, A. Tasić, W. A. Serdijn, L. E. Larson, and G. Setti, eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 53–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydraulic Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). “Why Did Ichthyosaurs Go Extinct?” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Long-Range Planning Can Improve the Efficiency of Agricultural Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kluck, M. C. (2017). “You are What You Read: Participation and Emancipation Problematized in Habacuc’s ‘Exposición #1.’” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2016). “Syrian Forces Capture Refugee Camp, Tightening Siege of Rebels in Aleppo.” New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schilling 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Dong and Miller 2002; Schilling 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dong and Miller 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Hargreaves et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydraulic Engineering
AbbreviationJ Hydraul Eng
ISSN (print)0733-9429
ISSN (online)1943-7900
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Water Science and Technology

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