How to format your references using the Journal of Hydraulic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lundstrom, C. C. 2000. “Rapid diffusive infiltration of sodium into partially molten peridotite.” Nature, 403 (6769): 527–530.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, E. C., and M. S. Lewicki. 2006. “Efficient auditory coding.” Nature, 439 (7079): 978–982.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaufman, T. C., D. W. Severson, and G. E. Robinson. 2002. “The Anopheles genome and comparative insect genomics.” Science, 298 (5591): 97–98.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Partridge, E. A., C. Le Roy, G. M. Di Guglielmo, J. Pawling, P. Cheung, M. Granovsky, I. R. Nabi, J. L. Wrana, and J. W. Dennis. 2004. “Regulation of cytokine receptors by Golgi N-glycan processing and endocytosis.” Science, 306 (5693): 120–124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez, A. 2014. Network Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ciappi, E., S. De Rosa, F. Franco, J.-L. Guyader, and S. A. Hambric (Eds.). 2015. Flinovia - Flow Induced Noise and Vibration Issues and Aspects: A Focus on Measurement, Modeling, Simulation and Reproduction of the Flow Excitation and Flow Induced Response. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Zin, W. A., and V. R. Cagido. 2008. “Intrinsic PEEP and its Determination.” Respiratory System and Artificial Ventilation, U. Lucangelo, P. Pelosi, W. A. Zin, and A. Aliverti, eds., 37–44. Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydraulic Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2016. “The UK Government Just Got Rid Of Its Climate Department.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Commercial Drivers: Certification Process for Drivers with Serious Medical Conditions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zanulabe Din, M. O. 2017. “Engineered Synchrony of Bacterial Lysis and its Applications.” Doctoral dissertation. La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. 2017. “Whirl of Contradictions On Election Interference.” New York Times, June 26, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lundstrom 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lundstrom 2000; Smith and Lewicki 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith and Lewicki 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Partridge et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydraulic Engineering
AbbreviationJ Hydraul Eng
ISSN (print)0733-9429
ISSN (online)1943-7900
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Water Science and Technology

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