How to format your references using the Journal of Hydraulic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montell, D. J. (2008). “Morphogenetic cell movements: diversity from modular mechanical properties.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5907), 1502–1505.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davidson, E. A., and Janssens, I. A. (2006). “Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition and feedbacks to climate change.” Nature, 440(7081), 165–173.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aravind, L., Dixit, V. M., and Koonin, E. V. (2001). “Apoptotic molecular machinery: vastly increased complexity in vertebrates revealed by genome comparisons.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5507), 1279–1284.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Martinsen, F. A., Smeltzer, B. K., Nord, M., Hawkins, T., Ballato, J., and Gibson, U. J. (2014). “Silicon-core glass fibres as microwire radial-junction solar cells.” Scientific reports, 4, 6283.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stuart, B. (2012). Forensic Analytical Techniques: Stuart/Forensic Analytical Techniques. Analytical Techniques in the Sciences, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lam, K.-Y., Chi, C.-H., and Qing, S. (Eds.). (2016). Information and Communications Security: 18th International Conference, ICICS 2016, Singapore, Singapore, November 29 – December 2, 2016, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Pavlopoulos, K., Evelpidou, N., and Vassilopoulos, A. (2009). “Lacustrine Environments.” Mapping Geomorphological Environments, N. Evelpidou and A. Vassilopoulos, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 99–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydraulic Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). “New Zealand Company Makes Beer For Cars.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Biotechnology: Information on Prices of Genetically Modified Seeds in the United States and Argentina. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ponder, K. (2017). “Easing Stress by Helping Others: How Corporate Volunteer Programs Impact the Stress of Employees Within an Organization.” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
David Goodman, J., and Baker, A. L. (2015). “2 Communities Unite in Grief for an ‘Unassuming Hero.’” New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Montell 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Davidson and Janssens 2006; Montell 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davidson and Janssens 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Martinsen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydraulic Engineering
AbbreviationJ Hydraul Eng
ISSN (print)0733-9429
ISSN (online)1943-7900
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Water Science and Technology

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