How to format your references using the Journal of Hydraulic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoyt, M. A. 2006. “Cell biology. Extinguishing a cell cycle checkpoint.” Science, 313 (5787): 624–625.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu, E. T., and S. G. Love. 2005. “Gravitational tractor for towing asteroids.” Nature, 438 (7065): 177–178.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stanger, B. Z., A. J. Tanaka, and D. A. Melton. 2007. “Organ size is limited by the number of embryonic progenitor cells in the pancreas but not the liver.” Nature, 445 (7130): 886–891.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xing, M., F. Shen, B. Qiu, and J. Zhang. 2014. “Highly-dispersed boron-doped graphene nanosheets loaded with TiO2 nanoparticles for enhancing CO2 photoreduction.” Sci. Rep., 4: 6341.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cohen, W. R., and E. A. Friedman. 2011. Labor and Delivery Care. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Stosic, N. 2005. Screw Compressors: Mathematical Modelling and Performance Calculation. (I. K. Smith and A. Kovacevic, eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Simonis, H., and T. Hadzic. 2011. “A Resource Cost Aware Cumulative.” Recent Advances in Constraints: 14th Annual ERCIM International Workshop on Constraint Solving and Constraint Logic Programming, CSCLP 2009, Barcelona, Spain, June 15-17, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, J. Larrosa and B. O’Sullivan, eds., 76–89. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydraulic Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2016. “Genes From Ancient Hominids May Have Helped Inuits Adapt To The Cold.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1972. Administration of the Head Start Program by the Mountain Community Action Program, Inc. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox, T. M. 2010. “Is the Procurement Integrity Act ‘Important’ Enough for the Mandatory Disclosure Rule?: A Look at the Procurement Integrity Act and the Case for its Inclusion in the Mandatory Disclosure Rule.” Doctoral dissertation. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. 2010. “Pop Up, Jump Under.” New York Times, June 3, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoyt 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hoyt 2006; Lu and Love 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lu and Love 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Xing et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydraulic Engineering
AbbreviationJ Hydraul Eng
ISSN (print)0733-9429
ISSN (online)1943-7900
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Water Science and Technology

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