How to format your references using the Clinical Mass Spectrometry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Mass Spectrometry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K.L. Mueller, Cancer immunology and immunotherapy. Realizing the promise. Introduction, Science. 348 (2015) 54–55.
A journal article with 2 authors
L.S. Brown, W.F. Lankford, Sustainability: Clean cooking empowers women, Nature. 521 (2015) 284–285.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. Silbergeld, S. Lerman, L. Hushka, Ethics. Human health research ethics, Science. 305 (2004) 949.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.A. Ellis, S.A. Mabury, J.W. Martin, D.C. Muir, Thermolysis of fluoropolymers as a potential source of halogenated organic acids in the environment, Nature. 412 (2001) 321–324.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Zhang, M. Peng, D. Chang, Y. Xu, Dam Failure Mechanisms and Risk Assessment, John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore, 2016.
An edited book
J. Mira, J.M. Ferrández, J.R. Álvarez, F. de la Paz, F.J. Toledo, eds., Bioinspired Applications in Artificial and Natural Computation: Third International Work-Conference on the Interplay Between Natural and Artificial Computation, IWINAC 2009, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, June 22-26, 2009, Proceedings, Part II, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
J.-G. Caputo, Y.A. Stepanyants, Tsunami surge in a river: a hydraulic jump in an inhomogeneous channel, in: A. Kundu (Ed.), Tsunami and Nonlinear Waves, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007: pp. 97–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Mass Spectrometry.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Argument Over Funding HIV PrEP Drug Reveals Prejudice About The Reality Of Some Gay Sex, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, The Indian Self-Determination Act: Many Obstacles Remain, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.A. Johnson, Job satisfaction in the operating room: An analysis of the cultural competence of nurses, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Shpigel, Rangers Unearth Vigor in a Clinching Win, New York Times. (2017) SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Mass Spectrometry
AbbreviationClin. Mass Spectrom.
ISSN (print)2376-9998

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