How to format your references using the Clinical Mass Spectrometry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Mass Spectrometry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. Reichhardt, Touched by an angel, Nature. 435 (2005) 734–735.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.W. Redman, I.L. Sargent, Latest advances in understanding preeclampsia, Science. 308 (2005) 1592–1594.
A journal article with 3 authors
B.M. Griffin, J. Schott, B. Schink, Nitrite, an electron donor for anoxygenic photosynthesis, Science. 316 (2007) 1870.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
V. Menuz, K.S. Howell, S. Gentina, S. Epstein, I. Riezman, M. Fornallaz-Mulhauser, M.O. Hengartner, M. Gomez, H. Riezman, J.-C. Martinou, Protection of C. elegans from anoxia by HYL-2 ceramide synthase, Science. 324 (2009) 381–384.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Family Firm Institute, Inc., Family Enterprise, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
S. Gupta, F. Alt, M. Cooper, F. Melchers, K. Rajewsky, eds., Mechanisms of Lymphocyte Activation and Immune Regulation XI: B Cell Biology, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
J.C. Adams, W.S. Brainerd, R.A. Hendrickson, R.E. Maine, J.T. Martin, B.T. Smith, Data types, in: W.S. Brainerd, R.A. Hendrickson, R.E. Maine, J.T. Martin, B.T. Smith (Eds.), The Fortran 2003 Handbook: The Complete Syntax, Features and Procedures, Springer, London, 2009: pp. 61–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Mass Spectrometry.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Mind-Controlling Wasps Enslave Zombie Spiders To Build Them A Perfect Nest, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Broadband Performance: Additional Actions Could Help FCC Evaluate Its Efforts to Inform Consumers, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.M. Reich, Adapted physical education teachers’ attitudes towards their students with hidden and visible disabilities, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Dinardo, Laetitia Trouillet, Designer, on the Shops and Souks of Marrakesh, New York Times. (2013) TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Mass Spectrometry
AbbreviationClin. Mass Spectrom.
ISSN (print)2376-9998

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