How to format your references using the Clinical Mass Spectrometry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Mass Spectrometry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Dainton, Palaeoanthropology: Did our ancestors knuckle-walk?, Nature. 410 (2001) 324–5; disussion 326.
A journal article with 2 authors
N.V. Munshi, E.N. Olson, Translational medicine. Improving cardiac rhythm with a biological pacemaker, Science. 345 (2014) 268–269.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. Jamtveit, H. Austrheim, A. Malthe-Sørenssen, Accelerated hydration of the Earth’s deep crust induced by stress perturbations, Nature. 408 (2000) 75–78.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T.C. Marlovits, T. Kubori, M. Lara-Tejero, D. Thomas, V.M. Unger, J.E. Galán, Assembly of the inner rod determines needle length in the type III secretion injectisome, Nature. 441 (2006) 637–640.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Tourlakis, Mathematical Logic, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
P. Avanzas, P. Clemmensen, eds., Pharmacological Treatment of Acute Coronary Syndromes, Springer, London, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
P.A. Arvanitidis, F. Nasioka, S. Dimogianni, Water Resource Management in Larisa: A “Tragedy of the Commons?,” in: W. Leal Filho, V. Sümer (Eds.), Sustainable Water Use and Management: Examples of New Approaches and Perspectives, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 65–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Mass Spectrometry.

Blog post
T. Hale, Watch The First Ever Video Of The World’s Most Elusive Whale, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Safety: Information on the Safety Effects of Modifying the Age Standard for Commercial Pilots, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. Kent, Justification-Suppression of Gender and Race Bias in Hiring: The Impact of Accountability, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
D. Kelly, The Pink Sheep, New York Times. (1995) 729.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Mass Spectrometry
AbbreviationClin. Mass Spectrom.
ISSN (print)2376-9998

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