How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Philosophy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Philosophy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewin, Harris A. 2009. “Genetics. It’s a Bull’s Market.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5926): 478–479.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tomasetti, Cristian, and Bert Vogelstein. 2015. “Cancer Etiology. Variation in Cancer Risk among Tissues Can Be Explained by the Number of Stem Cell Divisions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 347 (6217): 78–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, Houyun, Huazheng Guan, and Baoquan Chi. 2007. “Record of Winter Monsoon Strength.” Nature 450 (7168): E10-1; discussion E11.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Toda, Masakazu, Atsushi Takagaki, Mai Okamura, Junko N. Kondo, Shigenobu Hayashi, Kazunari Domen, and Michikazu Hara. 2005. “Green Chemistry: Biodiesel Made with Sugar Catalyst.” Nature 438 (7065): 178.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, Joyce, and Rachel Roberts. 2015. Vital Signs for Nurses. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Balint, Peter J. 2011. Wicked Environmental Problems: Managing Uncertainty and Conflict. Edited by Ronald E. Stewart, Anand Desai, and Lawrence C. Walters. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics.
A chapter in an edited book
Cerone, Pietro, Sever S. Dragomir, and Eder Kikianty. 2014. “Error Bounds for Trapezoid Type Quadrature Rules with Applications for the Mean and Variance.” In Applications of Mathematics and Informatics in Science and Engineering, edited by Nicholas J. Daras, 77–93. Springer Optimization and Its Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Philosophy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “The Curious Case Of A Man Who Thought His Reflection Was A Stranger.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. NASA Contract Payments. GAO-02-642R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shendge, Pratik Nandkumar. 2017. “Improvement in Estimation of Carrier Frequency Offset in Wireless Networks.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside, Kelly. 2016. “With City Passing By in a Blur, a Star Adds Yet Another Title.” New York Times, November 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lewin 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Lewin 2009; Tomasetti and Vogelstein 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tomasetti and Vogelstein 2015)
  • Three authors: (Zhou, Guan, and Chi 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Toda et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Philosophy
AbbreviationCan. J. Philos.
ISSN (print)0045-5091
ISSN (online)1911-0820

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