How to format your references using the General Hospital Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for General Hospital Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman M. When the party’s over. Nature 2007;445:13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Russo T, Volterra V. Comment on “children creating core properties of language: evidence from an emerging sign language in Nicaragua.” Science 2005;309:56; author reply 56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takayanagi M, Kurisaki I, Nagaoka M. Non-site-specific allosteric effect of oxygen on human hemoglobin under high oxygen partial pressure. Sci Rep 2014;4:4601.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Volkova VV, Lu Z, Lanzas C, Scott HM, Gröhn YT. Modelling dynamics of plasmid-gene mediated antimicrobial resistance in enteric bacteria using stochastic differential equations. Sci Rep 2013;3:2463.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Toy M. Networks and Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Chakravorti S. Recent Trends in the Condition Monitoring of Transformers: Theory, Implementation and Analysis. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Friedman Y, Scarr T. The algebraic structure of homogeneous balls. In: Scarr T, editor. Physical Applications of Homogeneous Balls, Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2005, p. 195–236.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for General Hospital Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrew E. We Built A Robot Butler (But Don’t Throw Out The Ironing Board Just Yet). IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Human Resources Research and Development Results Can Be Better Managed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sanghvi AM. Characterization of algal biomeal for applications in food. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barker K, Taylor K. A Teacher Accused of Abuse Seen to Have Never Grown Up. New York Times 2014:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGeneral Hospital Psychiatry
AbbreviationGen. Hosp. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0163-8343
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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