How to format your references using the General Hospital Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for General Hospital Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hogan CJ. Cosmology. The beginning of time. Science 2002;295:2223–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Field J, Fullagar R. Archaeology and Australian megafauna. Science 2001;294:7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holmberg VC, Panthani MG, Korgel BA. Phase transitions, melting dynamics, and solid-state diffusion in a nano test tube. Science 2009;326:405–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu D, Duan Y-Y, Yang Z, Yu H-T. A new route for unburned carbon concentration measurements eliminating mineral content and coal rank effects. Sci Rep 2014;4:4567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Billingsley J. Essentials of Mechatronics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Tripathi ON, Ravens U, Sanguinetti MC, editors. Heart Rate and Rhythm: Molecular Basis, Pharmacological Modulation and Clinical Implications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Mussio P, Valtolina S, Barricelli BR, Bordegoni M, Ferrise F, Ambrogio M. Distributed knowledge creation, recording and improvement in collaborative design. In: Damiani E, Jeong J, Howlett RJ, Jain LC, editors. New Directions in Intelligent Interactive Multimedia Systems and Services - 2, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 31–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for General Hospital Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrews R. The Paris Agreement Will Come Into Force On November 4. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Policy and Procedures Pertaining to Procurement of ADP Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Daly KM. Cinema 3.0: How digital and computer technologies are changing cinema. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Walking Tentatively In Protesters’ Shoes. New York Times 2010:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGeneral Hospital Psychiatry
AbbreviationGen. Hosp. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0163-8343
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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