How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubery, E., 2001. A year of opportunity. Nature 410, 867–868.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cuzzi, J.N., Alexander, C.M.O., 2006. Chondrule formation in particle-rich nebular regions at least hundreds of kilometres across. Nature 441, 483–485.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmidt, M.W., Vautravers, M.J., Spero, H.J., 2006. Rapid subtropical North Atlantic salinity oscillations across Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles. Nature 443, 561–564.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, Z.-G., Dong, J.-Q., Huang, L., Lai, Y.-C., 2014. Universal flux-fluctuation law in small systems. Sci. Rep. 4, 6787.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kimberlin, L., zur Linden, A., Ruoff, L., 2016. Atlas of Clinical Imaging and Anatomy of the Equine Head. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nakagawa, N., Nakamichi, M., Sugiura, H. (Eds.), 2010. The Japanese Macaques, Primatology Monographs. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Coenen, C., 2010. Deliberating Visions: The Case of Human Enhancement in the Discourse on Nanotechnology and Convergence, in: Kaiser, M., Kurath, M., Maasen, S., Rehmann-Sutter, C. (Eds.), Governing Future Technologies: Nanotechnology and the Rise of an Assessment Regime, Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 73–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Coin Spiders Chop Off Their Own Genitals After Sex [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Highway Infrastructure: Federal-State Partnership Produces Benefits and Poses Oversight Risks (No. GAO-12-474). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Little, J.L., 2014. The effects of a financial literacy intervention on teachers’ financial literacy, awareness, and advocacy (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. Even With Little Shut-Eye, Mets Turn Lights Out on Reds. New York Times B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rubery, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Cuzzi and Alexander, 2006; Rubery, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cuzzi and Alexander, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Behav. Organ.
ISSN (print)0167-2681
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Economics and Econometrics

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