How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Belnap, J., 2013. Microbiology. Some like it hot, some not. Science 340, 1533–1534.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cryan, J.F., O’Leary, O.F., 2010. Neuroscience. A glutamate pathway to faster-acting antidepressants? Science 329, 913–914.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lekic, V., French, S.W., Fischer, K.M., 2011. Lithospheric thinning beneath rifted regions of Southern California. Science 334, 783–787.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Morton, P.E., Hicks, A., Nastos, T., Santis, G., Parsons, M., 2013. CAR regulates epithelial cell junction stability through control of E-cadherin trafficking. Sci. Rep. 3, 2889.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paul, C.R., 2011. Transmission Lines in Digital Systems for EMC Practitioners. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Barjis, J., Pergl, R., Babkin, E. (Eds.), 2015. Enterprise and Organizational Modeling and Simulation: 11th International Workshop, EOMAS 2015, Held at CAiSE 2015, Stockholm, Sweden, June 8-9, 2015, Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, D., Hassaneen-Mostafa, W., Tsimpas, A., 2016. Overview, Measurement and Point-of-Care Testing of Platelet Function, in: Loftus, C.M. (Ed.), Anticoagulation and Hemostasis in Neurosurgery. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 55–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. SpaceX Just Test-Fired A New Rocket Engine That Will Launch Missions To Mars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. District of Columbia Public Schools: Enrollment Count Still Appears Vulnerable to Errors (No. T-HEHS-98-91). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perez, R.W., 2017. Stepping Stone or Stumbling Block? The Impact of Prior Military Service on Hiring Managers’ Perceptions of Warmth, Competence, and Hirability (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J., 2017. Decades After a Stroke, Seeking Independence and Normalcy. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Belnap, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Belnap, 2013; Cryan and O’Leary, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cryan and O’Leary, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Morton et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Behav. Organ.
ISSN (print)0167-2681
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Economics and Econometrics

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