How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alexander, R.M., 2003. Evolution. Enhanced: A rodent as big as a buffalo. Science 301, 1678–1679.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mechoulam, R., Lichtman, A.H., 2003. Neuroscience. Stout guards of the central nervous system. Science 302, 65–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baluska, F., Volkmann, D., Barlow, P.W., 2004. Cell bodies in a cage. Nature 428, 371.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Karpova, N.N., Pickenhagen, A., Lindholm, J., Tiraboschi, E., Kulesskaya, N., Agústsdóttir, A., Antila, H., Popova, D., Akamine, Y., Bahi, A., Sullivan, R., Hen, R., Drew, L.J., Castrén, E., 2011. Fear erasure in mice requires synergy between antidepressant drugs and extinction training. Science 334, 1731–1734.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eynon, J., 2013. The Design Manager’s Handbook. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Cress, U., Moskaliuk, J., Jeong, H. (Eds.), 2016. Mass Collaboration and Education, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Series. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Gonçalves, R.C., Pereira, J., Jiménez-Peris, R., 2016. An RDMA Middleware for Asynchronous Multi-stage Shuffling in Analytical Processing, in: Jelasity, M., Kalyvianaki, E. (Eds.), Distributed Applications and Interoperable Systems: 16th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, DAIS 2016, Held as Part of the 11th International Federated Conference on Distributed Computing Techniques, DisCoTec 2016, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 6-9, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. The Loss Of Large Herbivores Can Alter Ecosystems For Thousands Of Years [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. International Aviation: DOT’s Efforts to Increase U.S. Airlines’ Access to International Markets (No. T-RCED-96-32). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McMiller, B., 2010. Policy analysis on the Adoption and Safe Family Act of 1997 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ketcham, I.W., 1942. Feel of Child’s Hand Found Way to Restored Confidence. New York Times REVIEW OF THE WEEK EDITORIALSE7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heber, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Brooks, 2015; Büttiker, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mechoulam and Lichtman, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Chang et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Behav. Organ.
ISSN (print)0167-2681
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Economics and Econometrics

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