How to format your references using the Journal of Psycholinguistic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psycholinguistic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodman, S. (2001). Pressure grows over US blood ban. Nature, 412(6846), 467.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keklikoglou, I., & De Palma, M. (2014). Cancer: Metastasis risk after anti-macrophage therapy. Nature, 515(7525), 46–47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Naylor, R. L., Williams, S. L., & Strong, D. R. (2001). Ecology. Aquaculture--a gateway for exotic species. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5547), 1655–1656.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Qiu, X., Kumbalasiri, T., Carlson, S. M., Wong, K. Y., Krishna, V., Provencio, I., & Berson, D. M. (2005). Induction of photosensitivity by heterologous expression of melanopsin. Nature, 433(7027), 745–749.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Calvello, A. A. (2009). Environmental Alpha. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ruiz-Lopez, M. F., & Olivares del Valle, F. J. (Eds.). (2016). 9th Congress on Electronic Structure: Principles and Applications (ESPA 2014): A Conference Selection from Theoretical Chemistry Accounts (1st ed. 2016.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Luo, Y., Gao, L., & Huang, J. (2016). Hybrid Spectrum and Information Market Model. In L. Gao & J. Huang (Eds.), Economics of Database-Assisted Spectrum Sharing (pp. 65–79). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psycholinguistic Research.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, June 12). Mexican Government Teams Up With Leonardo DiCaprio In Last-Ditch Effort To Save Vaquita. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act: Information on Planned Changes to State Performance Reporting and Related Challenges (No. GAO-16-287). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ritter, D. (2008). The EU and conflict: Critically assessing the success of the ESDP and its impact in conflict areas (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2006, August 22). In Moscow, A Museum Shows Off Its Stars. New York Times, p. E4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodman 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Goodman 2001; Keklikoglou and De Palma 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Keklikoglou and De Palma 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Qiu et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psycholinguistic Research
AbbreviationJ. Psycholinguist. Res.
ISSN (print)0090-6905
ISSN (online)1573-6555
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
General Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Linguistics and Language

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