How to format your references using the Journal of Psycholinguistic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psycholinguistic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feduccia, A. (2001). Fossils and avian evolution. Nature, 414(6863), 507–508.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mehta, R., & Zhu, R. J. (2009). Blue or red? Exploring the effect of color on cognitive task performances. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5918), 1226–1229.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wagner, C. E., Harmon, L. J., & Seehausen, O. (2012). Ecological opportunity and sexual selection together predict adaptive radiation. Nature, 487(7407), 366–369.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Arzberger, P., Schroeder, P., Beaulieu, A., Bowker, G., Casey, K., Laaksonen, L., et al. (2004). Science and government. An international framework to promote access to data. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5665), 1777–1778.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Panek, W., & Wentworth, T. (2010). Mastering Microsoft® Windows® 7 Administration. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Scott, J. E. (2011). Expert Oracle Application Express. (S. Kennedy, D. Aust, D. Kubicek, M. G. D’Souza, R. Mattamal, D. Gault, et al., Eds.). Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Sheehan, W., & Conselice, C. J. (2015). Of Leviathans, Spirals, and Fire-Mists. In C. J. Conselice (Ed.), Galactic Encounters: Our Majestic and Evolving Star-System, From the Big Bang to Time’s End (pp. 79–98). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psycholinguistic Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, January 7). Conjoined gray whale calves discovered off the coast of Mexico. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). NASA Maintenance: Stronger Commitment Needed to Curb Facility Deterioration (No. NSIAD-91-34). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thomas-Whitman, D. (2012). Treading water: Civic engagement efforts in a time of budget crisis at a public university (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein, J. (2017, August 1). Inside a Jail in Brooklyn, The Women Live in Fear. New York Times, p. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Feduccia 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Feduccia 2001; Mehta and Zhu 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mehta and Zhu 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Arzberger et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psycholinguistic Research
AbbreviationJ. Psycholinguist. Res.
ISSN (print)0090-6905
ISSN (online)1573-6555
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
General Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Linguistics and Language

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