How to format your references using the Plant Gene citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Gene. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blatter, G., 2000. Schrodinger’s cat is now fat. Nature 406, 25–26.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tokuriki, N., Tawfik, D.S., 2009. Protein dynamism and evolvability. Science 324, 203–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mietto, P., Avanzini, M., Rolandi, G., 2003. Palaeontology: Human footprints in Pleistocene volcanic ash. Nature 422, 133.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tanabe, T., Kuwabara, T., Warashina, M., Tani, K., Taira, K., Asano, S., 2000. Oncogene inactivation in a mouse model. Nature 406, 473–474.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neupert, R., 2011. French Animation History. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Cazenave, T., Winands, M.H.M., Iida, H. (Eds.), 2014. Computer Games: Workshop on Computer Games, CGW 2013, Held in Conjunction with the 23rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI 2013, Beijing, China, August 3, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Knödler, K., Poland, J., Merz, P., Zell, A., 2005. Using Memetic Algorithms for Optimal Calibration of Automotive Internal Combustion Engines, in: Hart, W.E., Smith, J.E., Krasnogor, N. (Eds.), Recent Advances in Memetic Algorithms, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 87–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Gene.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Sharks Won’t Hunt As Well in Acidifying Oceans [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Transportation Issue Area: Active Assignments (No. AA-97-18(3)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grosso, T., 2015. Exploring How Older Adults Who Qualify for the Association on Aging with Developmental Disabilities (AADD) Programs and Services Learn to Successfully Age in Place (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2016. Rebirth of a Bronx Housing Complex Aims to Cut Crime and Increase Homes. New York Times A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blatter, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Blatter, 2000; Tokuriki and Tawfik, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tokuriki and Tawfik, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Tanabe et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Gene
AbbreviationPlant Gene
ISSN (print)2352-4073

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