How to format your references using the Plant Gene citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Gene. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kling, J., 2000. The flaw is human. Nature 406, 941.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buss, J.A., Agapie, T., 2016. Four-electron deoxygenative reductive coupling of carbon monoxide at a single metal site. Nature 529, 72–75.
A journal article with 3 authors
Curtis, R., Groarke, A., Sullivan, F., 2014. Stress and self-efficacy predict psychological adjustment at diagnosis of prostate cancer. Sci. Rep. 4, 5569.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, C., He, Q., Halim, U., Liu, Y., Zhu, E., Lin, Z., Xiao, H., Duan, Xidong, Feng, Z., Cheng, R., Weiss, N.O., Ye, G., Huang, Y.-C., Wu, H., Cheng, H.-C., Shakir, I., Liao, L., Chen, X., Goddard, W.A., III, Huang, Y., Duan, Xiangfeng, 2018. Monolayer atomic crystal molecular superlattices. Nature 555, 231–236.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fryirs, K.A., Brierley, G.J., 2012. Geomorphic Analysis of River Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ibrahimbegovic, A. (Ed.), 2016. Computational Methods for Solids and Fluids: Multiscale Analysis, Probability Aspects and Model Reduction, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Computational Methods in Applied Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Aman, B., Ciobanu, G., 2015. Mobility Types for Cloud Computing, in: Horne, R. (Ed.), Embracing Global Computing in Emerging Economies: First Workshop, EGC 2015, Almaty, Kazakhstan, February 26-28, 2015. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Gene.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Women Suffer The Myths Of The Hymen And The Virginity Test [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. U.S. Merchant Marine: Maritime Administration Should Assess Potential Mariner-Training Needs (No. GAO-14-212). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hasan, S.N., 2012. Design and optimization of 2012 Formula SAE chassis with finite element analysis for CSULB (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1992. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; There They Go Again: Clinton and Gore Climb Back on Bus for a 3-Day Trip. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kling, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Buss and Agapie, 2016; Kling, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Buss and Agapie, 2016)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Gene
AbbreviationPlant Gene
ISSN (print)2352-4073

Other styles