How to format your references using the Plant Gene citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Gene. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pohl, F., 2000. Brain drain. Nature 408, 409.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karner, D.B., Muller, R.A., 2000. PALEOCLIMATE: A Causality Problem for Milankovitch. Science 288, 2143–2144.
A journal article with 3 authors
Robertson, W.H., Diken, E.G., Johnson, M.A., 2003. Chemistry. Snapshots of water at work. Science 301, 320–321.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Früh-Green, G.L., Kelley, D.S., Bernasconi, S.M., Karson, J.A., Ludwig, K.A., Butterfield, D.A., Boschi, C., Proskurowski, G., 2003. 30,000 years of hydrothermal activity at the lost city vent field. Science 301, 495–498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Loveland, W.D., Morrissey, D.J., Seaborg, G.T., 2005. Modern Nuclear Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bandt, O. de, Knetsch, T., Peñalosa, J., Zollino, F. (Eds.), 2010. Housing Markets in Europe: A Macroeconomic Perspective. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ahmad, A., Md Radzi, A.A., Adnan, M.A., 2016. The Effect of Enhanced Sensorymotor Feedback on Balance Among Football Players, in: Ismail, S.I., Sulaiman, N., Adnan, R. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 2nd International Colloquium on Sports Science, Exercise, Engineering and Technology 2015 (ICoSSEET 2015). Springer, Singapore, pp. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Gene.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Clue To Mysterious Lights That Appear Before Earthquakes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Software Reuse: Major Issues Need to Be Resolved Before Benefits Can Be Achieved (No. IMTEC-93-16). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Austin, J.H., 2015. Performing the past: Two pageant traditions in Nauvoo, Illinois (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brennan, T.J., 2017. Why Pot, Not Pills, Works for My T.B.I. New York Times A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pohl, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Karner and Muller, 2000; Pohl, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karner and Muller, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Früh-Green et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Gene
AbbreviationPlant Gene
ISSN (print)2352-4073

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