How to format your references using the Plant Gene citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Gene. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Norman, C., 2004. HIV/AIDS in Asia. A time for action. Introduction. Science 304, 1931.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krishnan, V., Nestler, E.J., 2008. The molecular neurobiology of depression. Nature 455, 894–902.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mohr, J.T., Krout, M.R., Stoltz, B.M., 2008. Natural products as inspiration for the development of asymmetric catalysis. Nature 455, 323–332.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shergill, S.S., Bays, P.M., Frith, C.D., Wolpert, D.M., 2003. Two eyes for an eye: the neuroscience of force escalation. Science 301, 187.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Snopek, L., 2012. The Complete Guide to Portfolio Construction and Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Pine, K.R., 2015. Clinical Ocular Prosthetics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Shao, L., Lu, J., Shi, M., 2012. Reactions of VDCPs with Electrophiles, in: Lu, J., Shi, M. (Eds.), Chemical Transformations of Vinylidenecyclopropanes, SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 47–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Gene.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Could Aspirin Reverse Increased Cancer Risk In Overweight People? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Central Artery/Tunnel Project (No. RCED-96-65R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Annan, F., 2012. Spatial pattern of yield distributions: implications for crop insurance (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James, C., 2017. The Talented Mr. Gilmour. New York Times BR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Norman, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Krishnan and Nestler, 2008; Norman, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krishnan and Nestler, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Shergill et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Gene
AbbreviationPlant Gene
ISSN (print)2352-4073

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