How to format your references using the Plant Gene citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Gene. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hötzel, M.J., 2000. Achievers should stay to aid Brazilian science. Nature 407, 834.
A journal article with 2 authors
McMahon, H.T., Gallop, J.L., 2005. Membrane curvature and mechanisms of dynamic cell membrane remodelling. Nature 438, 590–596.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dreger, D.S., Ford, S.R., Walter, W.R., 2008. Source analysis of the Crandall Canyon, Utah, mine collapse. Science 321, 217.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dong, C., Flecks, S., Unversucht, S., Haupt, C., van Pée, K.-H., Naismith, J.H., 2005. Tryptophan 7-halogenase (PrnA) structure suggests a mechanism for regioselective chlorination. Science 309, 2216–2219.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
He, Z., 2016. Wavelet Analysis and Transient Signal Processing Applications for Power Systems. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Dai, J.S., Zoppi, M., Kong, X. (Eds.), 2012. Advances in Reconfigurable Mechanisms and Robots I. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Argamon, S., Koppel, M., 2010. The Rest of the Story: Finding Meaning in Stylistic Variation, in: Argamon, S., Burns, K., Dubnov, S. (Eds.), The Structure of Style: Algorithmic Approaches to Understanding Manner and Meaning. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 79–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Gene.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Seagulls Eat the Eyeballs of Baby Seals [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Issues Related to FAA’s Effectiveness (No. T-RCED-89-39). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liao, W., 2010. The epitope specificity of the human anti-Candida albicans antibody M1g1 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2009. Grandpa Loved Horses, or How a Filly Got Her Name. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hötzel, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hötzel, 2000; McMahon and Gallop, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McMahon and Gallop, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Dong et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Gene
AbbreviationPlant Gene
ISSN (print)2352-4073

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