How to format your references using the Fungal Diversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fungal Diversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tempel E (2014) Cosmology: Meet the Laniakea supercluster. Nature 513:41–42
A journal article with 2 authors
Lacroix B, Citovsky V (2013) Characterization of VIP1 activity as a transcriptional regulator in vitro and in planta. Sci Rep 3:2440
A journal article with 3 authors
Renvall V, Nangini C, Hari R (2014) All that glitters is not BOLD: inconsistencies in functional MRI. Sci Rep 4:3920
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ulloa Ulloa C, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Beck S, et al (2017) An integrated assessment of the vascular plant species of the Americas. Science 358:1614–1617

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pompian MM (2009) Advising Ultra-Affluent Clients and Family Offices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Sun Y, Behal A, Chung C-KR (eds) (2015) New Development in Robot Vision. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Trang MX, Murakami Y, Ishida T (2016) A Policy-Aware Parallel Execution Control Mechanism for Language Application. In: Murakami Y, Lin D (eds) Worldwide Language Service Infrastructure: Second International Workshop, WLSI 2015, Kyoto, Japan, January 22-23, 2015. Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 71–85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fungal Diversity.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Amazing 2D Rubens’ Tube Visualizes Sound With a Plane of Fire. In: IFLScience.’-tube-visualizes-sound-plane-fire/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Transportation Disadvantaged Populations: Nonemergency Medical Transportation Not Well Coordinated, and Additional Federal Leadership Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nellenbach KM (2010) Contributions of oral language, problem-solving, and reading attitudes to young adolescents’ silent reading comprehension. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tierney J (2017) Easy Ways to Mend Your Marriage. New York Times D4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tempel 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lacroix and Citovsky 2013; Tempel 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lacroix and Citovsky 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ulloa Ulloa et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleFungal Diversity
AbbreviationFungal Divers.
ISSN (print)1560-2745
ISSN (online)1878-9129
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles