How to format your references using the Fungal Diversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fungal Diversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benford G (2008) Obituary: Arthur C. Clarke (1917-2008). Nature 452:546
A journal article with 2 authors
Clementz MT, Sewall JO (2011) Latitudinal gradients in greenhouse seawater δ(18) O: evidence from Eocene sirenian tooth enamel. Science 332:455–458
A journal article with 3 authors
Xie W, Wang H, Wu J (2014) Similar morphological and molecular signatures shared by female and male germline stem cells. Sci Rep 4:5580
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wei T, Tian Y, Chen F, et al (2014) Mid-infrared fluorescence, energy transfer process and rate equation analysis in Er3+ doped germanate glass. Sci Rep 4:6060

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gardi F, Benoist T, Darlay J, et al (2014) Mathematical Programming Solver Based on Local Search. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Keller R, Kramer D, Weiss J-P (eds) (2013) Facing the Multicore-Challenge III: Aspects of New Paradigms and Technologies in Parallel Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Abler G, Ehlting M (2007) Smart shopping in the European low cost flight market. In: Conrady R, Buck M (eds) Trends and Issues in Global Tourism 2007. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 41–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fungal Diversity.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) A Hidden Code In Our DNA Explains How New Pieces Of Genes Are Made. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Information Systems: Agencies Overlook Security Controls During Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Almasaari AH (2017) Arab American women’s identity crises in Mohja Kahf’s “The Girl in the Tangerine Scarf” and Laila Halaby’s “West of the Jordan.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2017) Half a Million Viewers For ‘Twin Peaks’ Return. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benford 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Benford 2008; Clementz and Sewall 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clementz and Sewall 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Wei et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFungal Diversity
AbbreviationFungal Divers.
ISSN (print)1560-2745
ISSN (online)1878-9129
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles