How to format your references using the Fungal Diversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fungal Diversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leary RH (2001) Energy landscapes. Flirting with catastrophe. Science 293:2013–2014
A journal article with 2 authors
Allen MR, Ingram WJ (2002) Constraints on future changes in climate and the hydrologic cycle. Nature 419:224–232
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang N, Xu Y, Jiang D (2014) High-performance heterogeneous catalysis with surface-exposed stable metal nanoparticles. Sci Rep 4:7228
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pizzari T, Cornwallis CK, Løvlie H, et al (2003) Sophisticated sperm allocation in male fowl. Nature 426:70–74

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor K, Aardema F (2011) Clinician’s Handbook for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Fasano G, Pintér JD (eds) (2016) Space Engineering: Modeling and Optimization with Case Studies. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Dooley K, Exley B (2015) Afterschool MediaClub: Critical Literacy in a High-Diversity, High-Poverty Urban Setting. In: Yoon B, Sharif R (eds) Critical Literacy Practice: Applications of Critical Theory in Diverse Settings. Springer, Singapore, pp 41–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fungal Diversity.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Work On Devastating Parasitic Diseases Wins Nobel Prize. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Aircraft Noise At Memphis International Airport. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coffman MW (2015) A National Study of the Relationship between Home Access to a Computer and Academic Performance Scores of Grade 12 U.S. Science Students: An Analysis of the 2009 NAEP Data. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tommasini A, Oestreich JR, da FONSECA-WOLLHEIM C, et al (2016) For Classical Fans, Boxed Sets and Beyond. New York Times C13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leary 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Leary 2001; Allen and Ingram 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Allen and Ingram 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Pizzari et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFungal Diversity
AbbreviationFungal Divers.
ISSN (print)1560-2745
ISSN (online)1878-9129
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles