How to format your references using the Annual Review of Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buffett BA. 2010. Tidal dissipation and the strength of the Earth’s internal magnetic field. Nature. 468(7326):952–54
A journal article with 2 authors
van Oers NSC, Chen ZJ. 2005. Cell biology. Kinasing and clipping down the NF-kappa B trail. Science. 308(5718):65–66
A journal article with 3 authors
Li LY, Luo X, Wang X. 2001. Endonuclease G is an apoptotic DNase when released from mitochondria. Nature. 412(6842):95–99
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bower AS, Le Cann B, Rossby T, Zenk W, Gould J, et al. 2002. Directly measured mid-depth circulation in the northeastern North Atlantic Ocean. Nature. 419(6907):603–7

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scheringer M. 2002. Persistence and Spatial Range of Environmental Chemicals. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
An edited book
Misra S. 2016. Opportunistic Mobile Networks: Advances and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing. 1st ed. 2016 ed.
A chapter in an edited book
Overbeck R, Sendrier N. 2009. Code-based cryptography. In Post-Quantum Cryptography, eds. DJ Bernstein, J Buchmann, E Dahmen, pp. 95–145. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Marine Science.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2017. Dragonfish Have A Really Freaky Way Of Opening Their Jaws. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. NASA Procurement: Proposed Changes to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Contract. NSIAD-93-178, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
May LA. 2009. Teacher compensation and the academic achievement of high school students. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. 2009. Soul Food With a Secret. New York Times, May 10, , p. NJ9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buffett 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Buffett 2010; van Oers & Chen 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van Oers & Chen 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Bower et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Marine Science
AbbreviationAnn. Rev. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)1941-1405
ISSN (online)1941-0611

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