How to format your references using the Annual Review of Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alesina A. 2013. Economics. Women, fertility, and the rise of modern capitalism. Science. 342(6157):427–28
A journal article with 2 authors
Rogulja D, Young MW. 2012. Control of sleep by cyclin A and its regulator. Science. 335(6076):1617–21
A journal article with 3 authors
Minamimoto T, Hori Y, Kimura M. 2005. Complementary process to response bias in the centromedian nucleus of the thalamus. Science. 308(5729):1798–1801
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bai X, Ma D, Liu A, Shen X, Wang QJ, et al. 2007. Rheb activates mTOR by antagonizing its endogenous inhibitor, FKBP38. Science. 318(5852):977–80

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Manuele FA. 2005. On the Practice of Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Reiss CS, ed. 2016. Neurotropic Viral Infections: Volume 2: Neurotropic Retroviruses, DNA Viruses, Immunity and Transmission. Cham: Springer International Publishing. 2nd ed. 2016 ed.
A chapter in an edited book
Dörfler W, Lechleiter A, Plum M, Schneider G, Wieners C. 2011. An introduction to direct and inverse scattering theory. In Photonic Crystals: Mathematical Analysis and Numerical Approximation, eds. A Lechleiter, M Plum, G Schneider, C Wieners, pp. 79–126. Basel: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Marine Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Shift From Electronics To Spintronics Opens Up Possibilities Of Faster Data. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Tactical Airlift: Issues Concerning Air Force Plans for Pacific Distribution System. NSIAD-89-81, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zimmerman TF. 2010. A descriptive review of the development and implementation of a funding model for the Kentucky Community and Technical College System: The first 10 years, 1998–2008. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. 2015. Puerto Rico Plans to Default on $174 Million in Bond Debt. New York Times, Dec. 31, , p. B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alesina 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Alesina 2013; Rogulja & Young 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rogulja & Young 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Bai et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Marine Science
AbbreviationAnn. Rev. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)1941-1405
ISSN (online)1941-0611

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