How to format your references using the Annual Review of Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sanderson K. 2007. Display of flexibility. Nature. 445(7127):473
A journal article with 2 authors
Pickard CJ, Needs RJ. 2014. High-pressure physics: Piling on the pressure. Nature. 511(7509):294–95
A journal article with 3 authors
Torre R, Bartolini P, Righini R. 2004. Structural relaxation in supercooled water by time-resolved spectroscopy. Nature. 428(6980):296–99
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu C-M, Lin H-W, Lu C-L, Chen C. 2014. Effect of grain orientations of Cu seed layers on the growth of -oriented nanotwinned Cu. Sci. Rep. 4:6123

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Illian J, Penttinen A, Stoyan H, Stoyan D. 2008. Statistical Analysis and Modelling of Spatial Point Patterns. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Shaw R, ed. 2014. Community Practices for Disaster Risk Reduction in Japan. Tokyo: Springer Japan
A chapter in an edited book
Mroz P, Tegos GP, Gali H, Wharton T, Sarna T, Hamblin MR. 2008. Fullerenes as Photosensitizers in Photodynamic Therapy. In Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacological Potential of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes, eds. F Cataldo, TD Ros, pp. 79–106. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Marine Science.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016. Rick Perry Set To Head Department Of Energy Despite Once Forgetting It Existed. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Airline Competition: Passenger Facility Charges Can Provide an Independent Source of Funding for Airport Expansion and Improvement Projects. T-RCED-90-99, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hobbs E. 2017. Rehearing Florence Price: A Closer Look at Her Symphony in E Minor. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. 2008. College Where $5 Million Makes a Difference. New York Times, March 9, , p. LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sanderson 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Pickard & Needs 2014; Sanderson 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pickard & Needs 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Marine Science
AbbreviationAnn. Rev. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)1941-1405
ISSN (online)1941-0611

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