How to format your references using the Annual Review of Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moazed D. 2009. Small RNAs in transcriptional gene silencing and genome defence. Nature. 457(7228):413–20
A journal article with 2 authors
Reynolds JD, Freckleton RP. 2005. Ecology. Population dynamics: growing to extremes. Science. 309(5734):567–68
A journal article with 3 authors
Gur I, Sawyer K, Prasher R. 2012. Engineering. Searching for a better thermal battery. Science. 335(6075):1454–55
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Etienne RS, Latimer AM, Silander JA Jr, Cowling RM. 2006. Comment on “Neutral ecological theory reveals isolation and rapid speciation in a biodiversity hot spot.” Science. 311(5761):610

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond BC. 2008. Legal Aspects of Radiography and Radiology. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd
An edited book
Raman M. 2016. Probiotics and Bioactive Carbohydrates in Colon Cancer Management. New Delhi: Springer India
A chapter in an edited book
Bakhtadze NN, Lototsky VA. 2016. Knowledge-Based Models of Nonlinear Systems Based on Inductive Learning. In New Frontiers in Information and Production Systems Modelling and Analysis: Incentive Mechanisms, Competence Management, Knowledge-Based Production, eds. P Różewski, D Novikov, N Bakhtadze, O Zaikin, pp. 85–104. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Marine Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. How DNA Detectives Are Helping Solve The Rise Of Superbugs. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. General Aviation Safety: Additional FAA Efforts Could Help Identify and Mitigate Safety Risks. GAO-13-36, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Llamas AL. 2017. ALLTAP Solutions, LLC: A Business Plan. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. 2017. In Comeback From Injury, Stephens Falls Short Against Another American. New York Times, July 5, , p. B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moazed 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Moazed 2009; Reynolds & Freckleton 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reynolds & Freckleton 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Etienne et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Marine Science
AbbreviationAnn. Rev. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)1941-1405
ISSN (online)1941-0611

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