How to format your references using the Annual Review of Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heeney JL. 2015. Ebola: Hidden reservoirs. Nature. 527(7579):453–55
A journal article with 2 authors
Egbert GD, Ray RD. 2000. Significant dissipation of tidal energy in the deep ocean inferred from satellite altimeter data. Nature. 405(6788):775–78
A journal article with 3 authors
Losonczy A, Makara JK, Magee JC. 2008. Compartmentalized dendritic plasticity and input feature storage in neurons. Nature. 452(7186):436–41
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Llano M, Saenz DT, Meehan A, Wongthida P, Peretz M, et al. 2006. An essential role for LEDGF/p75 in HIV integration. Science. 314(5798):461–64

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tunley M, Whittaker A, Gee J, Button M. 2015. The Accredited Counter Fraud Specialist Handbook. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Hatcliff J, Zucca E, eds. 2010. Formal Techniques for Distributed Systems: Joint 12th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, FMOODS 2010 and 30th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, FORTE 2010, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 7-9, 2010. Proceedings, Vol. 6117. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Parida S, Couacy-Hymann E, Pope RA, Mahapatra M, Harrak ME, et al. 2015. Pathology of Peste des Petits Ruminants. In Peste Des Petits Ruminants Virus, ed. M Munir, pp. 51–67. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Marine Science.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2015. Mice Take After Their Fathers, And We Might Too. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Information Technology: Near-Term Effort to Automate Paper-Based Immigration Files Needs Planning Improvements. GAO-06-375, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Malekian A. 2009. Combinatorial problems in online advertising. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. 2017. CBS Anchor Bids Farewell, Then Is Asked to Leave. New York Times, Feb. 13, , p. B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heeney 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Egbert & Ray 2000; Heeney 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Egbert & Ray 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Llano et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Marine Science
AbbreviationAnn. Rev. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)1941-1405
ISSN (online)1941-0611

Other styles