How to format your references using the Annual Review of Marine Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Marine Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simon SH. 2009. Physics. A sound (and light) way to measure confined electrons. Science. 324(5930):1022–23
A journal article with 2 authors
York JD, Hunter T. 2004. Signal transduction. Unexpected mediators of protein phosphorylation. Science. 306(5704):2053–55
A journal article with 3 authors
Merritt JM, Bondybey VE, Heaven MC. 2009. Beryllium dimer--caught in the act of bonding. Science. 324(5934):1548–51
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lin JH, Li H, Yasumura D, Cohen HR, Zhang C, et al. 2007. IRE1 signaling affects cell fate during the unfolded protein response. Science. 318(5852):944–49

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Celant G, Broniatowski M. 2016. Interpolation and Extrapolation Optimal Designs 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Carlsson C. 2011. Possibility for Decision: A Possibilistic Approach to Real Life Decisions, Vol. 270. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Basu R. 2014. California and Climate Changes. In Global Climate Change and Public Health, eds. KE Pinkerton, WN Rom, pp. 71–83. New York, NY: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Marine Science.

Blog post
Hale T. 2015. Incredible Video Shows Floating Fire Ant Raft In The South Carolina Floods. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Land Management Systems: Major Software Development Does Not Meet BLM’s Business Needs. T-AIMD-99-102, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nixon HA. 2015. Defining Principals: The Seen and the Unseen. A Critical Discourse Analysis of Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium Standards Five and Six. Doctoral dissertation thesis. George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yanagihara H. 2017. Nowhere Man. New York Times, Sep. 7, , p. M2128

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simon 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Simon 2009; York & Hunter 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (York & Hunter 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Marine Science
AbbreviationAnn. Rev. Mar. Sci.
ISSN (print)1941-1405
ISSN (online)1941-0611

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