How to format your references using the Fungal Biology and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fungal Biology and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wellman B. Computer networks as social networks. Science. 2001;293:2031–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Otto SP, Jarne P. Evolution. Haploids--hapless or happening? Science. 2001;292:2441–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Yang L, Garbe DS, Bashaw GJ. A frazzled/DCC-dependent transcriptional switch regulates midline axon guidance. Science. 2009;324:944–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Damanik FFR, Rothuizen TC, van Blitterswijk C, Rotmans JI, Moroni L. Towards an in vitro model mimicking the foreign body response: tailoring the surface properties of biomaterials to modulate extracellular matrix. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6325.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Al-Shuhail AA, Al-Dossary SA, Mousa WA. Seismic Data Interpretation using Digital Image Processing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1. Yeo GW, editor. Systems Biology of RNA Binding Proteins. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Du Y, Wang R, Qu J. Spike Train Pattern and Firing Synchronization in a Model of the Olfactory Mitral Cell. In: Guo C, Hou Z-G, Zeng Z, editors. Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2013: 10th International Symposium on Neural Networks, Dalian, China, July 4-6, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 28–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fungal Biology and Biotechnology.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Researchers Develop Antibiotic Spider Silk That Could Be Used To Treat Wounds. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Tax System Modernization: Status of On-Line Files Initiative and Telecommunications Planning. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Aug. Report No.: IMTEC-91-41FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Rosie SA. Examining stakeholder perceptions of educational success in the Malagasy public education system [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Lee L. Almost Ready to Fly. New York Times. 2012 Mar 1;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFungal Biology and Biotechnology
AbbreviationFungal Biol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (online)2054-3085

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