How to format your references using the Fungal Biology and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fungal Biology and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ray T. Astronomy. Cosmic rays from cosmic birth. Science. 2010;330:1184–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Post E, Forchhammer MC. Synchronization of animal population dynamics by large-scale climate. Nature. 2002;420:168–71.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Powell KI, Chase JM, Knight TM. Invasive plants have scale-dependent effects on diversity by altering species-area relationships. Science. 2013;339:316–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Huang S-W, Lin J-W, Wang W-T, Wu C-W, Liou T-H, Lin H-W. Hyperthyroidism is a risk factor for developing adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder: a nationwide longitudinal population-based study. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4183.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cliteur P. The Secular Outlook. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
1. Levison SW, editor. Mammalian Subventricular Zones: Their Roles in Brain Development, Cell Replacement and Disease. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Chun-hong C, Chuan T, Da-zhe Z, Bin Z. The Parametric Design Based on Bee Dual Population Evolution on Chaos. In: Wang X, Wang F, Zhong S, editors. Electrical, Information Engineering and Mechatronics 2011: Proceedings of the 2011 International Conference on Electrical, Information Engineering and Mechatronics (EIEM 2011). London: Springer; 2012. p. 35–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fungal Biology and Biotechnology.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Can You Guess How Much a Stegosaurus Weighs? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Exchange Programs: Inventory of International Educational, Cultural, and Training Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Jun. Report No.: NSIAD-93-157BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Morgan AJ. Analyzing Red and Gray Stages of Bark Beetle Attack in the San Bernardino National Forest Using Remote Sensing [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. Spending Your Dollars in Europe: Soviet Union; Prices Are Wildly Irrational, but There Is Room to Maneuver. New York Times. 1991 Aug 4;526.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFungal Biology and Biotechnology
AbbreviationFungal Biol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (online)2054-3085

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