How to format your references using the Fungal Biology and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fungal Biology and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kullerud L. Sustainability: A green Arctic. Nature. 2011;478:179–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hyde PS, Knudsen EI. The optic tectum controls visually guided adaptive plasticity in the owl’s auditory space map. Nature. 2002;415:73–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ji M, Odelius M, Gaffney KJ. Large angular jump mechanism observed for hydrogen bond exchange in aqueous perchlorate solution. Science. 2010;328:1003–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lierz M, Reinschmidt M, Müller H, Wink M, Neumann D. A novel method for semen collection and artificial insemination in large parrots (Psittaciformes). Sci Rep. 2013;3:2066.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ananthakrishnan AN, Xavier RJ, Podolsky DK. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1. Kau CH. Cone Beam CT of the Head and Neck: An Anatomical Atlas. Abramovitch K, Kamel SG, Bozic M, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hassmén P, Keegan R, Piggott D. The Status of Theory. In: Keegan R, Piggott D, editors. Rethinking Sport and Exercise Psychology Research: Past, Present and Future. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 83–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fungal Biology and Biotechnology.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Scientists Measure Rare Black Hole 400x The Size Of Our Sun [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Screening Partnership Program: TSA Should Issue More Guidance to Airports and Monitor Private versus Federal Screener Performance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Dec. Report No.: GAO-13-208.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Einziger H. Incidence Hopf algebras: Antipodes, forest formulas, and noncrossing partitions [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Fisher L. QUOTATION OF THE DAY. New York Times. 2008 Feb 17;A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFungal Biology and Biotechnology
AbbreviationFungal Biol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (online)2054-3085

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