How to format your references using the Fungal Biology and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fungal Biology and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Tytell ED. Journal club: a neuroscientist marvels at our ability to learn unnatural tasks. Nature. 2008;456:679.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Henney A, Superti-Furga G. A network solution. Nature. 2008;455:730–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rosenbaum DM, Rasmussen SGF, Kobilka BK. The structure and function of G-protein-coupled receptors. Nature. 2009;459:356–63.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ohtsuki H, Hauert C, Lieberman E, Nowak MA. A simple rule for the evolution of cooperation on graphs and social networks. Nature. 2006;441:502–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Huzurbazar AV. Flowgraph Models for Multistate Time-to-Event Data: Huzurbazar/Flowgraph Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
1. Hessayon A, editor. Jane Lead and her Transnational Legacy. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Nagata T, Takimoto M, Kambayashi Y. Cooperatively Searching Objects Based on Mobile Agents. In: Nguyen NT, editor. Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XI. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 119–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fungal Biology and Biotechnology.

Blog post
1. Carpineti C. Scientists Claim To Have Decoded The Mona Lisa’s Famous Smile. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Inland Harbors: The Corps of Engineers Should Assess Existing Capabilities to Better Inform Dredging Decisions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017 Jul. Report No.: GAO-17-635.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dovale MJ. Postwar japan’s hybrid modernity of in-betweenness: Historical, literary, and social perspectives [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Rain Stopped, and Weirdness Began. New York Times. 2011 Oct 28;B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFungal Biology and Biotechnology
AbbreviationFungal Biol. Biotechnol.
ISSN (online)2054-3085

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