How to format your references using the Frontiers in Functional Plant Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Functional Plant Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gilmore, G. (2008). Astronomy. How cold is cold dark matter? Science 322, 1476–1477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bendor, D., and Wang, X. (2005). The neuronal representation of pitch in primate auditory cortex. Nature 436, 1161–1165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Emile, O., Le Floch, A., and Vollrath, F. (2006). Biopolymers: shape memory in spider draglines. Nature 440, 621.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bram, Y., Frydman-Marom, A., Yanai, I., Gilead, S., Shaltiel-Karyo, R., Amdursky, N., et al. (2014). Apoptosis induced by islet amyloid polypeptide soluble oligomers is neutralized by diabetes-associated specific antibodies. Sci. Rep. 4, 4267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khanlari, R., and Fard, M. S. (2015). FIDIC Plant and Design-Build Form of Contract Illustrated. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chiba, S., Südholt, M., Eugster, P., Ziarek, L., and Leavens, G. T. eds. (2016). Transactions on Modularity and Composition I. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Stefanoiu, D., and Ionescu, F. (2006). “Fuzzy-Statistical Reasoning in Fault Diagnosis,” in Computational Intelligence in Fault Diagnosis Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing., eds. V. Palade, L. Jain, and C. D. Bocaniala (London: Springer), 125–177.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Functional Plant Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015). How To Make A Cloud In Your Mouth. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). Export Controls: International Space Station Technology Transfers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sousa, K. L. (2012). Soul Seeking: A Crossing.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2011). Russia: Abortion Restrictions Signed. New York Times, A5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gilmore, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bendor and Wang, 2005; Gilmore, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bendor and Wang, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Bram et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Functional Plant Ecology
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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