How to format your references using the Mobile Genetic Elements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mobile Genetic Elements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Orhon D. Istanbul canal needs environmental study. Nature 2014; 513:461.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Phadnis N, Orr HA. A single gene causes both male sterility and segregation distortion in Drosophila hybrids. Science 2009; 323:376–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ichimura T, Fujiwara K, Tanaka H. Dual field effects in electrolyte-gated spinel ferrite: electrostatic carrier doping and redox reactions. Sci Rep 2014; 4:5818.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Kawate T, Michel JC, Birdsong WT, Gouaux E. Crystal structure of the ATP-gated P2X(4) ion channel in the closed state. Nature 2009; 460:592–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Chen W, Xiao H, Wang Q, Zhao L, Zhu M. Integrated Vehicle Dynamics and Control. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Bouhafs F. Communication Challenges and Solutions in the Smart Grid. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Marková H, Kopecký M, Suchánek R. The Process of Budgeting and Issues of Indebtedness in the Czech Republic. In: Morrison FL, editor. Fiscal Rules - Limits on Governmental Deficits and Debt. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. page 85–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mobile Genetic Elements.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. New Perfume Smells Stronger As You Sweat [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/new-perfume-smells-stronger-you-sweat/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Freight Transportation: Strategies Needed to Address Planning and Financing Limitations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Zhang Y. Crossroads A World War II story. 2013;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Prosek J. A Botanist in Lapland. New York Times2017; :TR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMobile Genetic Elements
AbbreviationMob. Genet. Elements
ISSN (print)2159-2543
ISSN (online)2159-256X
Scope

Other styles