How to format your references using the Fuel citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fuel. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Lazic SE. Comment on “Stress in puberty unmasks latent neuropathological consequences of prenatal immune activation in mice.” Science 2013;340:811.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Krishnamurthy H, Gouaux E. X-ray structures of LeuT in substrate-free outward-open and apo inward-open states. Nature 2012;481:469–74.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Charnoz S, Salmon J, Crida A. The recent formation of Saturn’s moonlets from viscous spreading of the main rings. Nature 2010;465:752–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Hwang G-W, Murai Y, Takahashi T, Naganuma A. The protein transportation pathway from Golgi to vacuoles via endosomes plays a role in enhancement of methylmercury toxicity. Sci Rep 2014;4:5888.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Khanlari R, Fard MS. FIDIC Plant and Design-Build Form of Contract Illustrated. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Alpern S, Fokkink R, Gąsieniec L, Lindelauf R, Subrahmanian VS, editors. Search Theory: A Game Theoretic Perspective. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ghazzai H, Yaacoub E, Kadri A, Alouini M-S. Multi-operator Collaboration for Green Cellular Networks. In: Shakir MZ, Imran MA, A. Qaraqe K, Alouini M-S, V. Vasilakos A, editors. Energy Management in Wireless Cellular and Ad-hoc Networks, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 97–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fuel.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Richard Dawkins Reads Hate Mail From “Fans.” IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/richard-dawkins-reads-hate-mail-fans/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. IRS Information Systems: Weaknesses Increase Risk of Fraud and Impair Reliability of Management Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Beard AR. Absence Causation in Mechanistic Explanation. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Mazzetti M, Kulish N, Drew C, Kovaleski SF, Naylor SD, Ismay J. The Secret History of SEAL Team 6. New York Times 2015:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuel
AbbreviationFuel (Lond.)
ISSN (print)0016-2361
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Organic Chemistry
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology

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