How to format your references using the Fuel citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fuel. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Boyce W. Earth monitoring: vigilance is not enough. Nature 2007;450:791–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Soles CL, Ding Y. Materials science. Nanoscale polymer processing. Science 2008;322:689–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Yabuta NH, Sawatari A, Callaway EM. Two functional channels from primary visual cortex to dorsal visual cortical areas. Science 2001;292:297–300.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Zhou T-B, Qin Y-H, Lei F-Y, Huang W-F, Drummen GPC. Prohibitin is associated with antioxidative protection in hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced renal tubular epithelial cell injury. Sci Rep 2013;3:3123.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Gasch A, Gasch B. Successfully Choosing Your EMR. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Blockeel H, Ramon J, Shavlik J, Tadepalli P, editors. Inductive Logic Programming: 17th International Conference, ILP 2007, Corvallis, OR, USA, June 19-21, 2007, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 4894. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ma T-M, Lyuu Y-D, Ti Y-W. An Efficient Algorithm for Finding Long Conserved Regions Between Genes. In: R. Berthold M, Glen RC, Fischer I, editors. Computational Life Sciences II: Second International Symposium, CompLife 2006, Cambridge, UK, September 27-29, 2006. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 42–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fuel.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Half of Europe’s Electricity Could be Renewable by 2030. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/half-europes-electricity-could-be-renewable-2030/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highway Infrastructure: FHWA’s Model for Estimating Highway Needs Is Generally Reasonable, Despite Limitations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Manners AT. Influence of transformational, autocratic, democratic, and laissez -faire leadership principles on the effectiveness of religious leaders. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Paulson M. ‘Oslo’ Gets a Bump At the Box Office. New York Times 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuel
AbbreviationFuel (Lond.)
ISSN (print)0016-2361
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Organic Chemistry
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology

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