How to format your references using the Composites Part B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Composites Part B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lusis AJ. Atherosclerosis. Nature 2000;407:233–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blanpain C, Fuchs E. Stem cell plasticity. Plasticity of epithelial stem cells in tissue regeneration. Science 2014;344:1242281.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wild G, Gardner A, West SA. Adaptation and the evolution of parasite virulence in a connected world. Nature 2009;459:983–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sanz JL, Chiappe LM, Fernández-Jalvo Y, Ortega F, Sánchez-Chillón B, Poyato-Ariza FJ, et al. An early Cretaceous pellet. Nature 2001;409:998–1000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mason RP. Trace Metals in Aquatic Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Lakshminarayanan V, Bhattacharya I, editors. Advances in Optical Science and Engineering: Proceedings of the First International Conference, IEM OPTRONIX 2014. vol. 166. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Dabbagh A. Cardiovascular Monitoring. In: Dabbagh A, Esmailian F, Aranki SF, editors. Postoperative Critical Care for Cardiac Surgical Patients, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 77–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Composites Part B.

Blog post
Andrew E. Microbial Enzymes “Eat” Cocaine, Could Be Novel Treatment For Abuse. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Comments on Senate Bill 991, A Bill to Establish a Department of Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gleason R. Nanosphere lithography applied to magnetic thin films. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. Sharapova Given Wild Card Into U.S. Open, Her First Major Since 2016. New York Times 2017:B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComposites Part B
AbbreviationCompos. B Eng.
ISSN (print)1359-8368
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Ceramics and Composites

Other styles