How to format your references using the Composites Part B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Composites Part B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DiFonzo N. Rumour research can douse digital wildfires. Nature 2013;493:135.
A journal article with 2 authors
Milton AL, Everitt BJ. Neuroscience. Wiping drug memories. Science 2012;336:167–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chien KR, Domian IJ, Parker KK. Cardiogenesis and the complex biology of regenerative cardiovascular medicine. Science 2008;322:1494–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nomura K, Ohta H, Ueda K, Kamiya T, Hirano M, Hosono H. Thin-film transistor fabricated in single-crystalline transparent oxide semiconductor. Science 2003;300:1269–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith CL. Distillation Control. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Zachos FE, Habel JC, editors. Biodiversity Hotspots: Distribution and Protection of Conservation Priority Areas. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Hansson SO. Agricultural Biotechnology for Health and the Environment. In: Ahuja MR, Ramawat KG, editors. Biotechnology and Biodiversity, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 67–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Composites Part B.

Blog post
Fang J. Harvester Ant Queens are Sperm Parasites. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Measuring Performance: Strengths and Limitations of Research Indicators. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crozier CF. A qualitative study of teacher job satisfaction in an evolutionary and mandated change environment. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. Comfort and Spice. New York Times 2010:NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComposites Part B
AbbreviationCompos. B Eng.
ISSN (print)1359-8368
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Ceramics and Composites

Other styles