How to format your references using the Composites Part B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Composites Part B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nye MJ. Portraits of science. “The most versatile physicist of his generation.” Science 2002;296:49–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Swinbanks D, Cyranoski D. Taiwan backs experience in quest for biotech success. Nature 2000;407:417–26.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bai S, Xu Q, Qin Y. Vibration driven vehicle inspired from grass spike. Sci Rep 2013;3:1851.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ruan C-Y, Lobastov VA, Vigliotti F, Chen S, Zewail AH. Ultrafast electron crystallography of interfacial water. Science 2004;304:80–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowlinson M. A Practical Guide to the NEC3 Engineering and Construction Contract. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Straus J, editor. The Role of Law and Ethics in the Globalized Economy. vol. 10. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Dong W, Dunn B. Vanadium Oxide Aerogels: Enhanced Energy Storage in Nanostructured Materials. In: Leite ER, editor. Nanostructured Materials for Electrochemical Energy Production and Storage, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009, p. 185–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Composites Part B.

Blog post
Hale T. People Who Trim Their Pubes Are More Likely To Have An STI. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Business Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ March 2001 Expenditure Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams C. It’s not a beauty pageant!: An examination of leadership development through Alaska native pageants. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. For New Trump Neighbors, Proximity Breeds Discontent. New York Times 2001:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComposites Part B
AbbreviationCompos. B Eng.
ISSN (print)1359-8368
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Ceramics and Composites

Other styles