How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alina Mungiu-Pippidi. 2015. Corruption: Good governance powers innovation. Nature 518, 7539 (February 2015), 295–297.
A journal article with 2 authors
David L. Shuster and Benjamin P. Weiss. 2005. Martian surface paleotemperatures from thermochronology of meteorites. Science 309, 5734 (July 2005), 594–600.
A journal article with 3 authors
Danielle P. Mersch, Alessandro Crespi, and Laurent Keller. 2013. Tracking individuals shows spatial fidelity is a key regulator of ant social organization. Science 340, 6136 (May 2013), 1090–1093.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Dietmar Müller, Maria Sdrolias, Carmen Gaina, Bernhard Steinberger, and Christian Heine. 2008. Long-term sea-level fluctuations driven by ocean basin dynamics. Science 319, 5868 (March 2008), 1357–1362.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robert X. Perez and Andrew P. Conkey. 2016. Troubleshooting Rotating Machinery. John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dilip V. Jests and Joseph H. Friedman (Eds.). 2006. Psychiatry for Neurologists. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Habib Ammari and Hyeonbae Kang. 2007. Generalized Isotropic and Anisotropic Polarization Tensors. In Polarization and Moment Tensors: With Applications to Inverse Problems and Effective Medium Theory, Hyeonbae Kang (ed.). Springer, New York, NY, 75–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. It’s Not Earth 2.0, But Our New Rocky Neighbour Is A Planet Worth Watching. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. NASA: Compliance With Cost Limits Cannot Be Verified. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jeremy Lamar Gray. 2014. Overcoming the threat of racial stereotyping in the workplace. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly Feeney. 2009. Their Daily Flatbread. New York Times, NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
AbbreviationACM Trans. Math. Softw.
ISSN (print)0098-3500
ISSN (online)1557-7295

Other styles