How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Egan. 2000. Only connect. Nature 403, 6770 (February 2000), 599.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mark E. J. Sheffield and Daniel A. Dombeck. 2015. Calcium transient prevalence across the dendritic arbour predicts place field properties. Nature 517, 7533 (January 2015), 200–204.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mingyang Xing, Xiao Li, and Jinlong Zhang. 2014. Synergistic effect on the visible light activity of Ti3+ doped TiO2 nanorods/boron doped graphene composite. Sci. Rep. 4, (June 2014), 5493.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Waelbroeck, J. C. Duplessy, E. Michel, L. Labeyrie, D. Paillard, and J. Duprat. 2001. The timing of the last deglaciation in North Atlantic climate records. Nature 412, 6848 (August 2001), 724–727.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harry Hochstadt. 1988. Integral Equations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sudipta Kundu. 2011. High-Level Verification: Methods and Tools for Verification of System-Level Designs. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Dev Ramtal and Adrian Dobre. 2011. The Laws Governing Motion. In The Essential Guide to Physics for Flash Games, Animation, and Simulations, Adrian Dobre (ed.). Apress, Berkeley, CA, 135–156.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. How We Found Out There Are Three Trillion Trees On Earth. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. Privacy Policy Activities of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jessica Reyes. 2009. Connections: A grant proposal for mothers struggling with substance abuse in the child welfare system. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Michael J. de la MERCED and Rachel Abrams. 2017. Abercrombie & Fitch in Talks to Sell Itself. New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,4,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
AbbreviationACM Trans. Math. Softw.
ISSN (print)0098-3500
ISSN (online)1557-7295

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