How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. Kouwenhoven. 2000. Nanotechnology. Bouncing a C60 ball. Nature 407, 6800 (September 2000), 35–36.
A journal article with 2 authors
Toshiro Sato and Hans Clevers. 2013. Growing self-organizing mini-guts from a single intestinal stem cell: mechanism and applications. Science 340, 6137 (June 2013), 1190–1194.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giancarlo Baldini, Fabio Cannone, and Giuseppe Chirico. 2005. Pre-unfolding resonant oscillations of single green fluorescent protein molecules. Science 309, 5737 (August 2005), 1096–1100.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yanqiang Li, Teng Ben, Bingyao Zhang, Yao Fu, and Shilun Qiu. 2013. Ultrahigh gas storage both at low and high pressures in KOH-activated carbonized porous aromatic frameworks. Sci. Rep. 3, (2013), 2420.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kirk H. Michaelian. 2005. Photoacoustic Infrared Spectroscopy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
David D. Songstad, Jerry L. Hatfield, and Dwight T. Tomes (Eds.). 2014. Convergence of Food Security, Energy Security and Sustainable Agriculture. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chan Kwok-bun and Chan Wai-wan. 2012. Social Strain and the Adaptive Behavior of Hong Kong Return Migrants. In Living Intersections: Transnational Migrant Identifications in Asia, Caroline Plüss and Kwok-Bun Chan (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 73–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software.

Blog post
Elise Andrew. 2015. Are Space And Time An Illusion? IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. FASAB Volume 1 Original Statements: Statements of Federal Financial Accounting Concepts and Standards. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Erika Corral. 2012. Latino undocumented students in Los Angeles: A grant proposal project. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George Gene Gustines. 2010. In One Sad Day, an Old World Artisan Confronts a New World. New York Times, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,5,7,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
AbbreviationACM Trans. Math. Softw.
ISSN (print)0098-3500
ISSN (online)1557-7295

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