How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peter U. Clark. 2012. Climate change. Ice sheets in transition. Science 337, 6095 (August 2012), 656–658.
A journal article with 2 authors
H. Nishida and K. Sawada. 2001. macho-1 encodes a localized mRNA in ascidian eggs that specifies muscle fate during embryogenesis. Nature 409, 6821 (February 2001), 724–729.
A journal article with 3 authors
Robert C. Froemke, Mu-Ming Poo, and Yang Dan. 2005. Spike-timing-dependent synaptic plasticity depends on dendritic location. Nature 434, 7030 (March 2005), 221–225.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. C. Porco, P. C. Thomas, J. W. Weiss, and D. C. Richardson. 2007. Saturn’s small inner satellites: clues to their origins. Science 318, 5856 (December 2007), 1602–1607.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
James W. Cortada. 2014. The Essential Manager. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ludovic Chamoin and Pedro Díez (Eds.). 2016. Verifying Calculations - Forty Years On: An Overview of Classical Verification Techniques for FEM Simulations (1st ed. 2016 ed.). Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Xueliang Li and Yaping Mao. 2016. Graphs with Given Generalized Connectivity. In Generalized Connectivity of Graphs, Yaping Mao (ed.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, 59–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software.

Blog post
Janet Fang. 2015. Clownfish Seem To Enjoy Warmer Waters. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1974. Procurement Equipment for New York Postal Data Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Christopher Wright. 2010. A quantitative study of retirement knowledge among Spring 2009 Arizona high school graduates. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sean Kelly. 2003. CHILDREN’S BOOKS. New York Times, 724.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,5,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
AbbreviationACM Trans. Math. Softw.
ISSN (print)0098-3500
ISSN (online)1557-7295

Other styles