How to format your references using the Frontiers in Toxicogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Toxicogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Young, O. R. (2011). Governance: A peaceful Arctic. Nature 478, 180–181.
A journal article with 2 authors
Adkins, J. F., and Pasquero, C. (2004). Ocean science. Deep ocean overturning--then and now. Science 306, 1143–1144.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karnath, H.-O., Borchers, S., and Himmelbach, M. (2010). Comment on “Movement intention after parietal cortex stimulation in humans.” Science 327, 1200; author reply 1200.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hanaoka, K., Qian, F., Boletta, A., Bhunia, A. K., Piontek, K., Tsiokas, L., et al. (2000). Co-assembly of polycystin-1 and -2 produces unique cation-permeable currents. Nature 408, 990–994.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Iosifescu, M., Limnios, N., and Oprişan, G. (2010). Introduction to Stochastic Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kóczy, L. T., Pozna, C. R., and Kacprzyk, J. eds. (2014). Issues and Challenges of Intelligent Systems and Computational Intelligence. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, F., Shi, Q., Wang, J., and Guo, H. (2016). “Atomistic Simulations of Tunneling FETs,” in Tunneling Field Effect Transistor Technology, eds. L. Zhang and M. Chan (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 111–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Toxicogenomics.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2017). Brazilian Vampire Bats Are Now Feasting On Human Blood. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016). Library Services for Those with Disabilities: Additional Steps Needed to Ease Access to Services and Modernize Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Doss, A. (2015). Trapped within the white gaze: A DuBoisian approach to understanding the existential burden of being a black man in America.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2013). A Brooklyn Life On the Big Screen. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Young, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Adkins and Pasquero, 2004; Young, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Adkins and Pasquero, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Hanaoka et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Toxicogenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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