How to format your references using the Frontiers in Toxicogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Toxicogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hartwig, J. F. (2002). Chemical synthesis. Raising the bar for the “perfect reaction.” Science 297, 1653–1654.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cohen, S. M., and Brennecke, J. (2006). Developmental biology. Mixed messages in early development. Science 312, 65–66.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jing, J., Bishop, C. A., and Wu, L.-A. (2014). Nonperturbative dynamical decoupling with random control. Sci. Rep. 4, 6229.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Milliron, D. J., Hughes, S. M., Cui, Y., Manna, L., Li, J., Wang, L.-W., et al. (2004). Colloidal nanocrystal heterostructures with linear and branched topology. Nature 430, 190–195.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lipiansky, E. (2012). Electrical, Electronics, and Digital Hardware Essentials for Scientists and Engineers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hurlbert, S. H. ed. (2008). The Salton Sea Centennial Symposium: Proceedings of a Symposium Celebrating a Century of Symbiosis Among Agriculture, Wildlife and People, 1905–2005, held in San Diego, California, USA, March 2005. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Dyreson, C., and Jin, H. (2009). “A Synthetic, Trend-Based Benchmark for XPath,” in Database Systems for Advanced Applications: DASFAA 2009 International Workshops: BenchmarX, MCIS, WDPP, PPDA, MBC, PhD, Brisbane, Australia, April 20 - 23, 2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. L. Chen, C. Liu, Q. Liu, and K. Deng (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 35–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Toxicogenomics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017). Planets Might Be Forming Thanks To Dust Traps. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Civil Agencies Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ziegler, R. T. (2017). The Impact of Strategic Planning Involvement on Employee Engagement in a Federal Public Health Agency.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010). An Elvis Convention: The ‘Fat’ One Takes a Flop, But Lands On His Feet. New York Times, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hartwig, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cohen and Brennecke, 2006; Hartwig, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cohen and Brennecke, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Milliron et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Toxicogenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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