How to format your references using the Frontiers in Toxicogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Toxicogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Taylor, S. R. (2004). Why can’t planets be like stars? Nature 430, 509.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kai, T., and Spradling, A. (2004). Differentiating germ cells can revert into functional stem cells in Drosophila melanogaster ovaries. Nature 428, 564–569.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vaupel, J. W., Carey, J. R., and Christensen, K. (2003). Aging. It’s never too late. Science 301, 1679–1681.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Singha, A., Gibertini, M., Karmakar, B., Yuan, S., Polini, M., Vignale, G., et al. (2011). Two-dimensional Mott-Hubbard electrons in an artificial honeycomb lattice. Science 332, 1176–1179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morocco, C. C., Aguilar, C. M., Bershad, C., Kotula, A. W., and Hindin, A. (2008). Supported Literacy for Adolescents. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Kastensmidt, F., and Rech, P. eds. (2016). FPGAs and Parallel Architectures for Aerospace Applications: Soft Errors and Fault-Tolerant Design. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ohlin, T. (2015). “Birth of Internet Ethics,” in History of Nordic Computing 4: 4th IFIP WG 9.7 Conference, HiNC 4, Copenhagen, Denmark, August 13-15, 2014, Revised Selected Papers IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology., eds. C. Gram, P. Rasmussen, and S. D. Østergaard (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 34–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Toxicogenomics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2014). Watch White Blood Cells Attack A Nematode Larva. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). Export Controls: International Space Station Technology Transfers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, D. (2004). Chamber Music in Early Piano Study: A Guide to Repertoire.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017). Streaming Services Struggle to Root Out Music That Incites Hatred. New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Taylor, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Kai and Spradling, 2004; Taylor, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kai and Spradling, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Singha et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Toxicogenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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