How to format your references using the Frontiers in Toxicogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Toxicogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ladegaard Skov, A. (2015). Materials science: Like cartilage, but simpler. Nature 517, 25–26.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bradshaw, G. A., and Finlay, B. L. (2005). Natural symmetry. Nature 435, 149.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goebel, T., Waters, M. R., and Dikova, M. (2003). The archaeology of Ushki Lake, Kamchatka, and the Pleistocene peopling of the Americas. Science 301, 501–505.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Oe, Y., Tominaga-Yoshino, K., Hasegawa, S., and Ogura, A. (2013). Dendritic spine dynamics in synaptogenesis after repeated LTP inductions: dependence on pre-existing spine density. Sci. Rep. 3, 1957.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond, B. C. (2008). Legal Aspects of Radiography and Radiology. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Ježek, D. ed. (2013). Atlas on the Human Testis: Normal Morphology and Pathology. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pascual, M., and Roa, S. (2013). “Epigenetics, Environment, and Allergic Diseases,” in Epigenetic Approaches to Allergy Research SpringerBriefs in Genetics., ed. S. Roa (New York, NY: Springer), 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Toxicogenomics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016). Scientists Hone In On How White Dwarfs Go Supernova. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009). Rail Transit: Observations on FTA’s State Safety Oversight Program and Potential Change in Oversight Role. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bergh, P. A. (2009). Reconfiguring academic priorities: Through the eyes of Michigan community college Chief Academic Officers.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sbarbaro, J. A. (2017). Standard Morning Fare, on the Go. New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ladegaard Skov, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bradshaw and Finlay, 2005; Ladegaard Skov, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bradshaw and Finlay, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Oe et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Toxicogenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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