How to format your references using the Frontiers in Toxicogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Toxicogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reich, J. (2015). Education research. Rebooting MOOC research. Science 347, 34–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wiseman, R. L., and Kelly, J. W. (2011). Cell biology. Phosphatase inhibition delays translational recovery. Science 332, 44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Silk, J. B., Alberts, S. C., and Altmann, J. (2003). Social bonds of female baboons enhance infant survival. Science 302, 1231–1234.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shen, K., Huang, R. K., Brignole, E. J., Condon, K. J., Valenstein, M. L., Chantranupong, L., et al. (2018). Architecture of the human GATOR1 and GATOR1-Rag GTPases complexes. Nature 556, 64–69.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prazeres, D. M. F. (2011). Plasmid Biopharmaceuticals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Baliga, R. R., and Haas, G. J. eds. (2015). Management of Heart Failure: Volume 1: Medical. 2nd ed. 2015. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pardo, A. (2005). “Combining Datatypes and Effects,” in Advanced Functional Programming: 5th International School, AFP 2004, Tartu, Estonia, August 14 – 21, 2004, Revised Lectures Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. V. Vene and T. Uustalu (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 171–209.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Toxicogenomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Study Finds Large Health Benefits To Living Near Trees. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). Tank Recovery Vehicle: Status of Program Acquisition and Full-Scale Engineering Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Doss, A. (2015). Trapped within the white gaze: A DuBoisian approach to understanding the existential burden of being a black man in America.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. (2016). Fossil Fuel Stocks Divide a Village. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reich, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Wiseman and Kelly, 2011; Reich, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wiseman and Kelly, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Shen et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Toxicogenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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