How to format your references using the Frontiers in Toxicogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Toxicogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Milburn, G. J. (2013). Physics. Demonstrating uncertainty. Science 339, 770–771.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barron, A. B., and Brown, M. J. F. (2012). Science journalism: Let’s talk about sex. Nature 488, 151–152.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qian, H., Wang, X., and Zhang, Y. (2012). Comment on “Disentangling the drivers of β diversity along latitudinal and elevational gradients.” Science 335, 1573; author reply 1573.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Okamoto, K., Iwai, Y., Oh-Hora, M., Yamamoto, M., Morio, T., Aoki, K., et al. (2010). IkappaBzeta regulates T(H)17 development by cooperating with ROR nuclear receptors. Nature 464, 1381–1385.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lhabitant, F.-S. (2004). Hedge Funds. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Yu, G., and Jin, Y. eds. (2016). Assessing Chinese Learners of English: Language Constructs, Consequences and Conundrums. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Landman, N. H., Klofak, S. M., and Sarg, K. B. (2008). “Variation in Adult Size of Scaphitid Ammonites from the Upper Cretaceous Pierre Shale and Fox Hills Formation,” in High-Resolution Approaches in Stratigraphic Paleontology Topics in Geobiology., ed. P. J. Harries (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 149–194.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Toxicogenomics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016). We Know Why Bacteria Become Resistant To Antibiotics, But How Does This Actually Happen? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009). Aviation Security: Status of Transportation Security Inspector Workforce. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luna, S. C. (2010). An integrated treatment program for individuals with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders: A grant proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M. (2012). Uncomfortable Accounting. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Milburn, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Barron and Brown, 2012; Milburn, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barron and Brown, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Okamoto et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Toxicogenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

Other styles