How to format your references using the Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carrell, R. W. (2004). Biomedicine. Prion dormancy and disease. Science 306, 1692–1693.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schultz, D. M., and Yoon, T. P. (2014). Solar synthesis: prospects in visible light photocatalysis. Science 343, 1239176.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wallace, G. G., Moulton, S. E., and Clark, G. M. (2009). Applied physics. Electrode-cellular interface. Science 324, 185–186.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Korobkova, E., Emonet, T., Vilar, J. M. G., Shimizu, T. S., and Cluzel, P. (2004). From molecular noise to behavioural variability in a single bacterium. Nature 428, 574–578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ushakov, I. (2012). Probabilistic Reliability Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Salgueiro, C. A. (2016). Multiheme Cytochromes. , ed. J. M. Dantas Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ashyralyev, A., and Çekiç, F. (2016). “On Source Identification Problem for Telegraph Differential Equations,” in Differential and Difference Equations with Applications: ICDDEA, Amadora, Portugal, May 2015, Selected Contributions Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics., eds. S. Pinelas, Z. Došlá, O. Došlý, and P. E. Kloeden (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 39–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Sex Offending May Be In The Genes But Knowing That Won’t Prevent It. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977). Computer Operations and Data Processing Activities at the Social Security Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sugawara, Y. (2013). When the Spaniels conquered Central America: Academic English and first year composition instruction.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2014). Deal Is Said to Be Close in Detroit’s Bankruptcy. New York Times, A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carrell, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Carrell, 2004; Schultz and Yoon, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schultz and Yoon, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Korobkova et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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