How to format your references using the Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elderfield, H. (2010). Climate. Seawater chemistry and climate. Science 327, 1092–1093.
A journal article with 2 authors
Belenky, P., and Collins, J. J. (2011). Microbiology. Antioxidant strategies to tolerate antibiotics. Science 334, 915–916.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takahashi, F., Matsushima, M., and Honkura, Y. (2005). Simulations of a quasi-Taylor state geomagnetic field including polarity reversals on the Earth Simulator. Science 309, 459–461.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hanotte, O., Bradley, D. G., Ochieng, J. W., Verjee, Y., Hill, E. W., and Rege, J. E. O. (2002). African pastoralism: genetic imprints of origins and migrations. Science 296, 336–339.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Relethford, J. H. (2017). 50 Great Myths of Human Evolution. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hippe, Z. S., Kulikowski, J. L., and Mroczek, T. eds. (2012). Human – Computer Systems Interaction: Backgrounds and Applications 2: Part 1. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Filgueiras, E., Rebelo, F., and Moreira da Silva, F. (2011). “Human-Computer Interaction in Office Work: Evaluation of Interaction Patterns Using Office Equipment and Software during Data Entry and Navigation,” in Ergonomics and Health Aspects of Work with Computers: International Conference, EHAWC 2011, Held as Part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., ed. M. M. Robertson (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 40–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). Philae Wakes Up... Again! IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976). Methodology Used in Lease-Versus-Purchase Decision for Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nelson, A. F. (2014). Anxiety in the process of individuation. An in-depth psychological study.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2014). Mathematicians Are Hoping Calculations Add Up to the Perfect Bracket. New York Times, SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elderfield, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Elderfield, 2010; Belenky and Collins, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Belenky and Collins, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Hanotte et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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