How to format your references using the Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Minetti, A. E. (2003). Physiology: efficiency of equine express postal systems. Nature 426, 785–786.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johansson, L. C., and Norberg, R. A. (2003). Delta-wing function of webbed feet gives hydrodynamic lift for swimming propulsion in birds. Nature 424, 65–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coaker, G., Falick, A., and Staskawicz, B. (2005). Activation of a phytopathogenic bacterial effector protein by a eukaryotic cyclophilin. Science 308, 548–550.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jaworski, T., Dewachter, I., Lechat, B., Gees, M., Kremer, A., Demedts, D., et al. (2011). GSK-3α/β kinases and amyloid production in vivo. Nature 480, E4-5; discussion E6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Galwey, N. W. (2014). Introduction to Mixed Modelling. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Rauscher, R. C. (2014). Brooklyn’s Bushwick - Urban Renewal in New York, USA: Community, Planning and Sustainable Environments. , ed. S. Momtaz Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gunawardena, M., and Petraki, E. (2014). “Critical Thinking Skills in the EAP Classroom,” in English for Academic Purposes (EAP) in Asia: Negotiating Appropriate Practices in a Global Context, eds. I. Liyanage and T. Walker (Rotterdam: SensePublishers), 65–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Stephen Hawking Announces $100 Million Pledge To Search For Intelligent Extraterrestrial Life. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). Space Station: Delays in Dealing With Space Debris May Reduce Safety and Increase Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mendez, H. (2009). Examination of friendship and burnout among child welfare workers.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2007). A Smorgasbord of Empanadas. New York Times, NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Minetti, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Johansson and Norberg, 2003; Minetti, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johansson and Norberg, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Jaworski et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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