How to format your references using the Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M. (2011). Telomeres: All’s well that ends well. Nature 478, S13-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kozlova, T., and Thummel, C. S. (2003). Essential roles for ecdysone signaling during Drosophila mid-embryonic development. Science 301, 1911–1914.
A journal article with 3 authors
Loudet, J. C., Barois, P., and Poulin, P. (2000). Colloidal ordering from phase separation in a liquid-crystalline continuous phase. Nature 407, 611–613.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim, K. H., Späh, A., Pathak, H., Perakis, F., Mariedahl, D., Amann-Winkel, K., et al. (2017). Maxima in the thermodynamic response and correlation functions of deeply supercooled water. Science 358, 1589–1593.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lalanne, C. (2014). Fatigue Damage. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Pluim, J. P. W., Likar, B., and Gerritsen, F. A. eds. (2006). Biomedical Image Registration: Third International Workshop, WBIR 2006, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 9-11, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kathiresan, R., Koger, C. H., and Reddy, K. N. (2006). “ALLELOPATHY FOR WEED CONTROL IN AQUATIC AND WETLAND SYSTEMS,” in Allelochemicals: Biological Control of Plant Pathogens and Diseases Disease Management of Fruits and Vegetables., eds. INDERJIT and K. G. Mukerji (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 103–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Extreme Droughts Weaken Trees’ Ability To Soak Up Carbon. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993). School-Linked Human Services: A Comprehensive Strategy for Aiding Students at Risk of School Failure. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sherman, L. J. (2009). Bridging the attachment transmission gap with maternal mind-mindedness and infant temperament.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lanchester, J. (2016). What the West Can Learn From Japan About the Cultural Value of Work. New York Times, MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein, 2011; Kozlova and Thummel, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kozlova and Thummel, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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