How to format your references using the Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee, J. T. (2012). Epigenetic regulation by long noncoding RNAs. Science 338, 1435–1439.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zou, L., and Elledge, S. J. (2003). Sensing DNA damage through ATRIP recognition of RPA-ssDNA complexes. Science 300, 1542–1548.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kinoshita, T., Wenger, T., and Weiss, D. S. (2004). Observation of a one-dimensional Tonks-Girardeau gas. Science 305, 1125–1128.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
de Gouw, J. A., Middlebrook, A. M., Warneke, C., Ahmadov, R., Atlas, E. L., Bahreini, R., et al. (2011). Organic aerosol formation downwind from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Science 331, 1295–1299.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, S. K., and Handelsman, M. M. (2009). Ethics for Psychotherapists and Counselors. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Ghosh, A. (2015). Introduction to Micromechanisms and Microactuators. , ed. B. Corves New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Hu, M., Wu, Z.-Q., and Liu, Y. (2009). “The fish fauna of mountain streams in the Guanshan National Nature Reserve, Jiangxi, China,” in Chinese Fishes Developments in Environmental Biology of Fishes., eds. D. L. G. Noakes, A. Romero, Y. Zhao, and Y. Zhou (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 23–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Mouse vs. Scorpion- Who Do You Think Wins? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). Opportunities for Oversight and Improved Use of Taxpayer Funds: Examples from Selected GAO Work. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Estrada, M. I. (2012). A community risk assessment of the 90806 zip code.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017). Sale of Albee Collection To Benefit Foundation. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lee, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Zou and Elledge, 2003; Lee, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zou and Elledge, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (de Gouw et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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