How to format your references using the Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lutz, S. (2010). Biochemistry. Reengineering enzymes. Science 329, 285–287.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, Y., and Dorn, G. W., 2nd (2013). PINK1-phosphorylated mitofusin 2 is a Parkin receptor for culling damaged mitochondria. Science 340, 471–475.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schenk, P., Matsuyama, I., and Nimmo, F. (2008). True polar wander on Europa from global-scale small-circle depressions. Nature 453, 368–371.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li, B., Moshfegh, C., Lin, Z., Albuschies, J., and Vogel, V. (2013). Mesenchymal stem cells exploit extracellular matrix as mechanotransducer. Sci. Rep. 3, 2425.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghaye, T. (2008). Developing the Reflective Healthcare Team. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Tan, Y., Shi, Y., Chai, Y., and Wang, G. eds. (2011). Advances in Swarm Intelligence: Second International Conference, ICSI 2011, Chongqing, China, June 12-15, 2011, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chakrabarty, S. (2007). “Do Social Labeling NGOs Have Any Influence on Child Labor?,” in New Frontiers in Environmental and Social Labeling Sustainability and Innovation., eds. U. Grote, A. K. Basu, and N. H. Chau (Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD), 59–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). This Is What Happens If You Flush Sodium Down The Toilet. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007). No Child Left Behind Act: Education Actions May Help Improve Implementation and Evaluation of Supplemental Educational Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dizon, F. (2017). Treatment and Return to Play of Three Runners with Bone Stress Injury and/or Other Traits of a Male-Version of the Female Athlete Triad: A Case Series.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Joseph, Y. (2017). Passage Home for a Pioneer’s House. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lutz, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Lutz, 2010; Chen and Dorn, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Dorn, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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