How to format your references using the Metabolic Engineering Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metabolic Engineering Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scholl, A., 2000. ANTIFERROMAGNETISM: Taking a Very Close Look at Magnetic Structures. Science 288, 1762–1763.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruskov, R., Tahan, C., 2014. Quantum Processing. Catching the quantum sound wave. Science 346, 165–166.
A journal article with 3 authors
Allen, M., Raper, S., Mitchell, J., 2001. Climate change. Uncertainty in the IPCC’s Third Assessment Report. Science 293, 430–433.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, J., Xu, J., Liu, B., Yao, G., Wang, P., Lin, Z., Huang, B., Wang, X., Li, T., Shi, S., Zhang, N., Duan, F., Ming, J., Zhang, X., Niu, W., Song, W., Jin, H., Guo, Y., Dai, S., Hu, L., Fang, L., Wang, Q., Li, Y., Li, W., Na, J., Xie, W., Sun, Y., 2018. Publisher Correction: Chromatin analysis in human early development reveals epigenetic transition during ZGA. Nature 560, E27.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghaye, T., 2008. Developing the Reflective Healthcare Team. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Mostofi, S.B. (Ed.), 2009. Rapid Orthopedic Diagnosis. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Alviano, M., Leone, N., Manna, M., Terracina, G., Veltri, P., 2012. Magic-Sets for Datalog with Existential Quantifiers, in: Barceló, P., Pichler, R. (Eds.), Datalog in Academia and Industry: Second International Workshop, Datalog 2.0, Vienna, Austria, September 11-13, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 31–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metabolic Engineering Communications.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Rosetta Scientists Unveil The Source Of Ice And Dust Jets On Comet 67P [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985. Digests of Unpublished Decisions of the Comptroller General, Vol. II, No. 1 (No. 129141). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Narang, S., 2013. Use of technology to reduce the occurrence of medication errors in a U.S. hospital: A project report (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. No. 1 Ranking in Hand, Pliskova Aims for a Major Title. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scholl, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Ruskov and Tahan, 2014; Scholl, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ruskov and Tahan, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleMetabolic Engineering Communications
AbbreviationMetab. Eng. Commun.
ISSN (print)2214-0301

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