How to format your references using the Frontiers in Respiratory Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Respiratory Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bertrand, C. A. (2001). Tech.Sight. Color by number: imaging large data. Science 293, 1335–1336.
A journal article with 2 authors
Donnelly, J. P., and Woodruff, J. D. (2007). Intense hurricane activity over the past 5,000 years controlled by El Niño and the West African monsoon. Nature 447, 465–468.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aoi, S., Kunugi, T., and Fujiwara, H. (2008). Trampoline effect in extreme ground motion. Science 322, 727–730.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Park, S., Wolanin, P. M., Yuzbashyan, E. A., Silberzan, P., Stock, J. B., and Austin, R. H. (2003). Motion to form a quorum. Science 301, 188.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Derryberry, D. R. (2014). Basic Data Analysis for Time Series with R. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Enna, S. J., and Möhler, H. eds. (2007). The GABA Receptors. Third Edition. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Papadimitriou, P. (2011). “Fiscal Rules in the EU: Time to Rethink and Start from the Basics,” in The Konstantinos Karamanlis Institute for Democracy Yearbook 2011: The Global Economic Crisis and the Case of Greece The Constantinos Karamanlis Institute for Democracy Yearbook Series., eds. K. E. Botsiou and A. Klapsis (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 29–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Respiratory Pharmacology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). New Finger Device Reads Books To The Blind. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). Aging Aircraft: FAA Needs Comprehensive Plan to Coordinate Government and Industry Actions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horwitz, M. H. (2017). Morphodynamics and Sediment Transport Pathways of the John’s Pass-Blind Pass Dual Inlet System: Pinellas County, Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Boucher, B. (2017). Between Fable and Fact. New York Times, BR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bertrand, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bertrand, 2001; Donnelly and Woodruff, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Donnelly and Woodruff, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Respiratory Pharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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