How to format your references using the Frontiers in Respiratory Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Respiratory Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Soper, A. K. (2002). Thermodynamics. Water and ice. Science 297, 1288–1289.
A journal article with 2 authors
Esmaeili-Rad, M. R., and Salahuddin, S. (2013). High performance molybdenum disulfide amorphous silicon heterojunction photodetector. Sci. Rep. 3, 2345.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stairs, I. H., Lyne, A. G., and Shemar, S. L. (2000). Evidence for free precession in a pulsar. Nature 406, 484–486.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Deng, H.-X., Chen, W., Hong, S.-T., Boycott, K. M., Gorrie, G. H., Siddique, N., et al. (2011). Mutations in UBQLN2 cause dominant X-linked juvenile and adult-onset ALS and ALS/dementia. Nature 477, 211–215.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sato, T., Kammen, D. M., Duan, B., Macuha, M., Zhou, Z., Wu, J., et al. (2015). Smart Grid Standards. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Hankin, C., and Siveroni, I. eds. (2005). Static Analysis: 12th International Symposium, SAS 2005, London, UK, September 7-9, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Grzegorzewski, P. (2010). “Algorithms for Trapezoidal Approximations of Fuzzy Numbers Preserving the Expected Interval,” in Foundations of Reasoning under Uncertainty Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing., eds. B. Bouchon-Meunier, L. Magdalena, M. Ojeda-Aciego, J.-L. Verdegay, and R. R. Yager (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 85–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Respiratory Pharmacology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). 5 Things That Make You Attractive To Mosquitoes. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). U.S. Airports: Selected Airports’ Views on Federal Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hantgan, A. (2013). Aspects of Bangime Phonology, Morphology, and Morphosyntax.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007). Power Hangs in Balance In Nassau Legislature. New York Times, 14LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Soper, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Soper, 2002; Esmaeili-Rad and Salahuddin, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Esmaeili-Rad and Salahuddin, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Deng et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Respiratory Pharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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