How to format your references using the International Review of Financial Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Financial Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sims, I. R. (2011). Chemistry. Arranging reactive meetings of cold radicals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6062), 1506–1507.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rosenberg, S. M., & Hastings, P. J. (2003). Microbiology and evolution. Modulating mutation rates in the wild. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5624), 1382–1383.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nowak, M. A., Tarnita, C. E., & Wilson, E. O. (2010). The evolution of eusociality. Nature, 466(7310), 1057–1062.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, C., Sadik, M. M., Mauk, M. G., Edelstein, P. H., Bushman, F. D., Gross, R., & Bau, H. H. (2014). Nuclemeter: a reaction-diffusion based method for quantifying nucleic acids undergoing enzymatic amplification. Scientific Reports, 4, 7335.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kulkarni, S., & Harman, G. (2011). An Elementary Introduction to Statistical Learning Theory: Kulkarni/Statistical Learning Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Khattab, A. (2013). Cognitive Radio Networks: From Theory to Practice (D. Perkins & M. Bayoumi, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Regine, G., Atzori, M., & Fabbri, R. (2012). Mdc in ecografia pediatrica e nello studio dei reflussi vescico-uretrali: «cistosonografia». In M. Atzori & R. Fabbri (Eds.), Ecocontrastografia dell’apparato urinario (pp. 45–54). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Financial Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 1). Beautiful Mathematical GIFs Will Mesmerize You. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). DOD Business Systems Modernization: Air Force Business System Schedule and Cost Estimates (GAO-14-152). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rosenfeld, E. G. (2009). The ascent of women to senior leadership positions in the financial services industry: A phenomenological study [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2013, March 31). ‘Spring’ Festival as Rite of Refreshment. New York Times, AR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sims, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Rosenberg & Hastings, 2003; Sims, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rosenberg & Hastings, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Nowak et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Liu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Financial Analysis
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Fin. Anal.
ISSN (print)1057-5219
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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