How to format your references using the International Review of Financial Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Financial Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zaanen, J. (2009). Physics. Fast electrons tie quantum knots. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5916), 888–890.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dobson, D. P., & Brodholt, J. P. (2005). Subducted banded iron formations as a source of ultralow-velocity zones at the core-mantle boundary. Nature, 434(7031), 371–374.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rastogi, D., Suzuki, M., & Greally, J. M. (2013). Differential epigenome-wide DNA methylation patterns in childhood obesity-associated asthma. Scientific Reports, 3, 2164.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Takeoka, Y., Yoshioka, S., Teshima, M., Takano, A., Harun-Ur-Rashid, M., & Seki, T. (2013). Structurally coloured secondary particles composed of black and white colloidal particles. Scientific Reports, 3, 2371.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Primak, S. L., & Kontorovich, V. (2011). Wireless Multi-Antenna Channels. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gruber, P., Bruckner, D., Hellmich, C., Schmiedmayer, H.-B., Stachelberger, H., & Gebeshuber, I. C. (Eds.). (2011). Biomimetics -- Materials, Structures and Processes: Examples, Ideas and Case Studies. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wille, R., & Drechsler, R. (2010). Embedding of Irreversible Functions. In R. Drechsler (Ed.), Towards a Design Flow for Reversible Logic (pp. 93–111). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Financial Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 22). Stocking Stuffer Ideas For Science Fans. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Aviation Security: TSA Has Made Progress but Faces Challenges in Meeting the Statutory Mandate for Screening Air Cargo on Passenger Aircraft (GAO-10-446). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Errett, R. (2014). Acid Mine Drainage In The Big Muddy River Watershed [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yancy, G. (2016, November 30). I Am a Dangerous Professor. New York Times, SR7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zaanen, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dobson & Brodholt, 2005; Zaanen, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dobson & Brodholt, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Rastogi et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Takeoka et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Financial Analysis
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Fin. Anal.
ISSN (print)1057-5219
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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