How to format your references using the International Review of Financial Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Financial Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M. (2012). Drug development: Holding out for reinforcements. Nature, 484(7395), S16-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gandhi, C. S., & Rees, D. C. (2008). Biochemistry. Opening the molecular floodgates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5893), 1166–1167.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fashami, M. S., Atulasimha, J., & Bandyopadhyay, S. (2013). Energy dissipation and error probability in fault-tolerant binary switching. Scientific Reports, 3, 3204.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Karakozova, M., Kozak, M., Wong, C. C. L., Bailey, A. O., Yates, J. R., 3rd, Mogilner, A., Zebroski, H., & Kashina, A. (2006). Arginylation of beta-actin regulates actin cytoskeleton and cell motility. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5784), 192–196.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ribéreau-Gayon, P., Dubourdieu, D., Donèche, B., & Lonvaud, A. (2006). Handbook of Enology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Seegenschmiedt, M. H., Makoski, H.-B., Trott, K.-R., & Brady, L. W. (Eds.). (2008). Radiotherapy for Non-Malignant Disorders. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Matalonga, S., Rodrigues, F., & Travassos, G. H. (2015). Matching Context Aware Software Testing Design Techniques to ISO/IEC/IEEE 29119. In T. Rout, R. V. O’Connor, & A. Dorling (Eds.), Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination: 15th International Conference, SPICE 2015, Gothenburg, Sweden, June 16-17, 2015. Proceedings (pp. 33–44). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Financial Analysis.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, August 3). China’s Bizarre Traffic-Straddling Bus Has Actually Been Built. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Technology Transfer: Reporting Requirements for Federally Sponsored Inventions Need Revision (RCED-99-242). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gilman, D. G. (2013). Comparative analysis of corporate culture in a multinational organization [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg, E., & Southall, A. (2016, October 19). De Blasio Calls Police Shooting ‘Unacceptable.’ New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein, 2012; Gandhi & Rees, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gandhi & Rees, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Fashami et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Karakozova et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Financial Analysis
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Fin. Anal.
ISSN (print)1057-5219
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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