How to format your references using the International Review of Financial Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Financial Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wickware, P. (2000). United States gives priority to skills shortage. Nature, 404(6778), 686–687.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yedid, G., & Bell, G. (2002). Macroevolution simulated with autonomously replicating computer programs. Nature, 420(6917), 810–812.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fine, P. V. A., Mesones, I., & Coley, P. D. (2004). Herbivores promote habitat specialization by trees in Amazonian forests. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5684), 663–665.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schaeffer, J., Burch, N., Björnsson, Y., Kishimoto, A., Müller, M., Lake, R., … Sutphen, S. (2007). Checkers is solved. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5844), 1518–1522.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anson, E. M. (2014). Alexander’s Heirs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nührenbörger, M. (2016). Design Science and Its Importance in the German Mathematics Educational Discussion. (B. Rösken-Winter, C. I. Fung, R. Schwarzkopf, E. C. Wittmann, K. Akinwunmi, F. Lensing, & F. Schacht, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Napier, M. (2009). Making Urban Land Markets Work Better in South African Cities and Towns: Arguing the Basis for Access by the Poor. In S. V. Lall, M. Freire, B. Yuen, R. Rajack, & J.-J. Helluin (Eds.), Urban Land Markets: Improving Land Management for Successful Urbanization (pp. 71–97). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Financial Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 13). Why It Matters That Student Participation In Maths And Science Is Declining. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Salary of Executive Director, National Advisory Council on Vocational Education (No. B-179188). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luo, P. (2010). Evaluation of the flicker effect as a generative strategy in enhancing computer -based instruction (CBI) of visual recognition and classification (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2016, May 13). 70 Years Ago. New York Times, p. C25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wickware, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Wickware, 2000; Yedid & Bell, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yedid & Bell, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Fine, Mesones, & Coley, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Schaeffer et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Financial Analysis
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Fin. Anal.
ISSN (print)1057-5219
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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