How to format your references using the International Review of Financial Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Financial Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McNally, R. J. (2012). Are we winning the war against posttraumatic stress disorder? Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6083), 872–874.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meguro, A., & Sato, Y. (2014). Salicylic acid antagonizes abscisic acid inhibition of shoot growth and cell cycle progression in rice. Scientific Reports, 4, 4555.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oganov, A. R., Brodholt, J. P., & Price, G. D. (2001). The elastic constants of MgSiO3 perovskite at pressures and temperatures of the Earth’s mantle. Nature, 411(6840), 934–937.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yasue, A., Mitsui, S. N., Watanabe, T., Sakuma, T., Oyadomari, S., Yamamoto, T., Noji, S., Mito, T., & Tanaka, E. (2014). Highly efficient targeted mutagenesis in one-cell mouse embryos mediated by the TALEN and CRISPR/Cas systems. Scientific Reports, 4, 5705.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harris, C. (2006). Electricity Markets. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Gaber, M. M., Cocea, M., Wiratunga, N., & Goker, A. (Eds.). (2015). Advances in Social Media Analysis (Vol. 602). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Linz, T., Gourmelon, L., & Langereis, G. (2007). Contactless EMG sensors embroidered onto textile. In S. Leonhardt, T. Falck, & P. Mähönen (Eds.), 4th International Workshop on Wearable and Implantable Body Sensor Networks (BSN 2007): March 26 – 28, 2007 RWTH Aachen University, Germany (pp. 29–34). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Financial Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, August 26). Why Do Dogs Spin Around Before They Poop? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Inventory Management: The Army Could Reduce Logistics Costs for Aviation Parts by Adopting Best Practices (NSIAD-97-82). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shelby, K. R. (2013). Systems Engineering Knowledge Asset (SEKA) Management for Higher Performing Engineering Teams: People, Process and Technology toward Effective Knowledge-Workers [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartman, S. (2016, May 7). The Pie Maker’s Tale. New York Times, MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McNally, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (McNally, 2012; Meguro & Sato, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meguro & Sato, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Oganov et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yasue et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Financial Analysis
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Fin. Anal.
ISSN (print)1057-5219
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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