How to format your references using the International Review of Financial Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Financial Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ravallion, M. (2014). Income inequality in the developing world. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6186), 851–855.
A journal article with 2 authors
Milhous, W. K., & Weina, P. J. (2010). Plant science. The botanical solution for malaria. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5963), 279–280.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gorzelak, P., Głuchowski, E., & Salamon, M. A. (2014). Reassessing the improbability of a muscular crinoid stem. Scientific Reports, 4, 6049.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Guo, A., Wang, Y., Chen, B., Wang, Y., Yuan, J., Zhang, L., Hall, D., Wu, J., Shi, Y., Zhu, Q., Chen, C., Thiel, W. H., Zhan, X., Weiss, R. M., Zhan, F., Musselman, C. A., Pufall, M., Zhu, W., Au, K. F., … Song, L.-S. (2018). E-C coupling structural protein junctophilin-2 encodes a stress-adaptive transcription regulator. Science (New York, N.Y.).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ambachtsheer, K. P. (2016). The Future of Pension Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lacroix, C., Mendels, P., & Mila, F. (Eds.). (2011). Introduction to Frustrated Magnetism: Materials, Experiments, Theory (Vol. 164). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Markovski, J. (2013). Towards Supervisory Control of Generally-Distributed Discrete-Event Systems. In M. S. Balsamo, W. J. Knottenbelt, & A. Marin (Eds.), Computer Performance Engineering: 10th European Workshop, EPEW 2013, Venice, Italy, September 16-17, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 43–57). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Financial Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 4). El Gordo Galaxy Lives Up To Its Name. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Career and Technical Education: Surveys to State Directors of Career and Technical Education (GAO-09-737SP, July 2009), an E-supplement to GAO-09-683 (GAO-09-737SP). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, A. M. (2010). Moving in foster care: Voices of adults who experienced multiple foster care placements in childhood [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. (2005, December 3). Arts, Briefly; Russian Art Sets Records in London. New York Times, B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ravallion, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Milhous & Weina, 2010; Ravallion, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Milhous & Weina, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Gorzelak et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Guo et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Financial Analysis
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Fin. Anal.
ISSN (print)1057-5219
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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