How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology (JCNP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lawler A. Archaeology. Preserving history, one hill at a time. Science. 2011;334(6063):1623.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Soo VWC, Wood TK. Antitoxin MqsA represses curli formation through the master biofilm regulator CsgD. 2013 November 11 Epub.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Brechbühl J, Klaey M, Broillet M-C. Grueneberg ganglion cells mediate alarm pheromone detection in mice. Science. 2008;321(5892):1092–1095.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Vatanen T, Franzosa EA, Schwager R, et al. The human gut microbiome in early-onset type 1 diabetes from the TEDDY study. Nature. 2018;562(7728):589–594.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Putt A. Putt’s Law & the Successful Technocrat. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1.
Sierra-Rodríguez J-L, Leal J-P, Simões A, editors. Languages, Applications and Technologies: 4th International Symposium, SLATE 2015, Madrid, Spain, June 18-19, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kubicek H, Cimander R, Scholl HJ. Selection and Classification of Case Studies. In: Cimander R, Scholl HJ, editors. Organizational Interoperability in E-Government: Lessons from 77 European Good-Practice Cases. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011: 65–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology.

Blog post
1.
Evans K. The 50 Smartest Public High Schools In America. November 29, 2016. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/the-50-smartest-public-high-schools-in-america/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA Faces Challenges in Responding to Task Force Recommendations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Narayanan BC. Structure function diversity within the phosphoenolpyruvate mutase/isocitrate lyase superfamily as revealed by the enzymes oxaloacetate decarboxylase and 2,3-dimethylmalate lyase. 2008;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S, Barry E. At Bolshoi, Regrets And a New Appointment. New York Times2013;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Neurophysiology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Neurophysiol.
ISSN (print)0736-0258
ISSN (online)1537-1603
ScopePhysiology
Clinical Neurology
Physiology (medical)
Neurology

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