How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology (JCNP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gonzalez C. Undergraduate research, graduate mentoring, and the university’s mission. Science. 2001;293(5535):1624–1626.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Abraham RG, van Den Bergh S. The morphological evolution of galaxies. Science. 2001;293(5533):1273–1278.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bishop NA, Lu T, Yankner BA. Neural mechanisms of ageing and cognitive decline. Nature. 2010;464(7288):529–535.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Cooks RG, Ouyang Z, Takats Z, Wiseman JM. Detection Technologies. Ambient mass spectrometry. Science. 2006;311(5767):1566–1570.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bonem JM. Problem Solving for Process Operators and Specialists. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Gobbi A, Espregueira-Mendes J, Nakamura N, editors. The Patellofemoral Joint: State of the Art in Evaluation and Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hennessy DA, Wang T. Animal Disease and the Industrialization of Agriculture. In: Zilberman D, Otte J, Roland-Holst D, Pfeiffer D, editors. Health and Animal Agriculture in Developing Countries. New York, NY: Springer; 2012: 77–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Watch SpaceX’s Rocket Explode During Return Experiment. January 19, 2015. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/space/watch-spacexs-rocket-explode-during-return-experiment/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Weather Satellites: Action Needed to Resolve Status of the U.S. Geostationary Satellite Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Francis TM. The Lived Experience of Caribbean Women and Their Experiences as Senior-Level Leaders: A Phenomenological Study. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
McKINLEY JC Jr. Witness Lays Out Events Ending in Brazen Killing. New York Times2017;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3,4).
This sentence cites four references (3,5,7,8).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Neurophysiology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Neurophysiol.
ISSN (print)0736-0258
ISSN (online)1537-1603
ScopePhysiology
Clinical Neurology
Physiology (medical)
Neurology

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