How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology (JCNP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lazic SE. Comment on “Stress in puberty unmasks latent neuropathological consequences of prenatal immune activation in mice.” Science. 2013;340(6134):811.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Dynek JN, Smith S. Resolution of sister telomere association is required for progression through mitosis. Science. 2004;304(5667):97–100.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hull PM, Darroch SAF, Erwin DH. Rarity in mass extinctions and the future of ecosystems. Nature. 2015;528(7582):345–351.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Furumoto T, Yamaguchi T, Ohshima-Ichie Y, et al. A plastidial sodium-dependent pyruvate transporter. Nature. 2011;476(7361):472–475.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Beach GJ. The U.S. Technology Skills Gap. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Obaidat MS, Lorenz P, editors. E-Business and Telecommunications: 12th International Joint Conference, ICETE 2015, Colmar, France, July 20–22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Dhanireddy S, Maghsoudlou A, Preble JM, Ratwatte MD, Foster CS. Ocular Cicatricial Pemphigoid. In: Sami N, editor. Autoimmune Bullous Diseases: Approach and Management. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016: 75–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Australian Teens Catch “Sharknado” Moment On Camera. July 5, 2016. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/australian-teens-catch-sharknado-moment-on-camera/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Costly Requirements for Certain Control Towers, Navigation Aids, and Airport Lights. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ballan AO. The selfie generation: Students’ perceptions of classroom incivility in social work education. 2015;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: At Least 20 Killed In Mall Fire. New York Times2005;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3,4).
This sentence cites four references (3,6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Neurophysiology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Neurophysiol.
ISSN (print)0736-0258
ISSN (online)1537-1603
ScopePhysiology
Clinical Neurology
Physiology (medical)
Neurology

Other styles