How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology (JCNP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gravitz L. Chemoprevention: First line of defence. Nature. 2011;471(7339):S5-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wu J-Q, Pollard TD. Counting cytokinesis proteins globally and locally in fission yeast. Science. 2005;310(5746):310–314.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kaufman TC, Severson DW, Robinson GE. The Anopheles genome and comparative insect genomics. Science. 2002;298(5591):97–98.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Liu H, Jiang T, Han B, Liang S, Zhou Y. Selective phenol hydrogenation to cyclohexanone over a dual supported Pd-Lewis acid catalyst. Science. 2009;326(5957):1250–1252.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Meier HB, Marthinsen JE, Gantenbein PA. Swiss Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Bai Z. Spectral Analysis of Large Dimensional Random Matrices. Silverstein JW, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Mazza A, Gat-Viks I, Farhan H, Sharan R. A Minimum-Labeling Approach for Reconstructing Protein Networks across Multiple Conditions. In: Darling A, Stoye J, editors. Algorithms in Bioinformatics: 13th International Workshop, WABI 2013, Sophia Antipolis, France, September 2-4, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013: 33–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. You Can Actually Fracture Your Penis. June 14, 2016. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/what-is-penis-fracture/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Small Business Research Programs: More Guidance and Oversight Needed to Comply with Spending and Reporting Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tabone B. Knowledge and awareness of the Female Athlete Triad among female collegiate athletes at California State University, Long Beach. 2013;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Binder S. A Game Plan for Senate Democrats. New York Times2017;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2,4).
This sentence cites four references (2,6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Neurophysiology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Neurophysiol.
ISSN (print)0736-0258
ISSN (online)1537-1603
ScopePhysiology
Clinical Neurology
Physiology (medical)
Neurology

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