How to format your references using the Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feringa, B. L. (2001). Chemistry. A new twist on chirality. Science 292, 2021–2022.
A journal article with 2 authors
Furukawa, N., and Mima, J. (2014). Multiple and distinct strategies of yeast SNAREs to confer the specificity of membrane fusion. Sci. Rep. 4, 4277.
A journal article with 3 authors
Navrotsky, A., Mazeina, L., and Majzlan, J. (2008). Size-driven structural and thermodynamic complexity in iron oxides. Science 319, 1635–1638.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Oikawa, H., Suzuki, Y., Saito, M., Kamagata, K., Arai, M., and Takahashi, S. (2013). Microsecond dynamics of an unfolded protein by a line confocal tracking of single molecule fluorescence. Sci. Rep. 3, 2151.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Furmston, M. (2008). Powell-Smith & Furmston’s Building Contract Casebook. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing.
An edited book
Correia, L., Reis, L. P., and Cascalho, J. eds. (2013). Progress in Artificial Intelligence: 16th Portuguese Conference on Artificial Intelligence, EPIA 2013, Angra do Heroísmo, Azores, Portugal, September 9-12, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, H., Wang, Q.-X., and Cheng, Y.-Y. (2013). “The 1st August 2010 Solar Storm Effects on the Ionosphere in the Yangtze River Delta Region Based on Ground and Space GPS Technology,” in China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2013 Proceedings: BeiDou/GNSS Navigation Applications • Test & Assessment Technology • User Terminal Technology Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering., eds. J. Sun, W. Jiao, H. Wu, and C. Shi (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). 12 Ways To Deal With A Climate Change Denier – The BBQ Guide. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016). Federal Acquisitions: Use of “Other Transaction” Agreements Limited and Mostly for Research and Development Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox, T. M. (2010). Is the Procurement Integrity Act “Important” Enough for the Mandatory Disclosure Rule?: A Look at the Procurement Integrity Act and the Case for its Inclusion in the Mandatory Disclosure Rule.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Garner, D., Senior, J., Jennings, D., and Gustines, G. G. (2016). Who Needs Wrapping? They’re Already Covered. New York Times, C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Feringa, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Feringa, 2001; Furukawa and Mima, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Furukawa and Mima, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Oikawa et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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