How to format your references using the Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Assmann, S. M. (2005). G proteins Go green: a plant G protein signaling FAQ sheet. Science 310, 71–73.
A journal article with 2 authors
DeConto, R. M., and Pollard, D. (2003). Rapid Cenozoic glaciation of Antarctica induced by declining atmospheric CO2. Nature 421, 245–249.
A journal article with 3 authors
Torres, M. A., West, A. J., and Li, G. (2014). Sulphide oxidation and carbonate dissolution as a source of CO2 over geological timescales. Nature 507, 346–349.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tamai, K., Semenov, M., Kato, Y., Spokony, R., Liu, C., Katsuyama, Y., et al. (2000). LDL-receptor-related proteins in Wnt signal transduction. Nature 407, 530–535.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mihajlovic-Madzarevic, V. (2010). Clinical Trials Audit Preparation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Narbel, P. A. (2014). Energy Technologies and Economics. , eds. J. P. Hansen and J. R. Lien Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nouy, D. (2013). “Unintended Consequences of Supervision,” in Financial Supervision in the 21st Century, eds. A. J. Kellermann, J. de Haan, and F. de Vries (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 47–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). Can You Spot What’s Hiding In This Photograph? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981). Secret Service Has More Computer Capacity Than It Needs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Radcliffe, M. L. (2012). Random Graphs with Attribute Affinity.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2015). Art and Its Inspiration, Side by Side. New York Times, CT8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Assmann, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (DeConto and Pollard, 2003; Assmann, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (DeConto and Pollard, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Tamai et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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