How to format your references using the Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Massy, B. (2014). Human genetics. Hidden features of human hotspots. Science 346, 808–809.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ize, B., and Palmer, T. (2006). Microbiology. Mycobacteria’s export strategy. Science 313, 1583–1584.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zheng, H., Wisedchaisri, G., and Gonen, T. (2013). Crystal structure of a nitrate/nitrite exchanger. Nature 497, 647–651.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Burg, T. P., Godin, M., Knudsen, S. M., Shen, W., Carlson, G., Foster, J. S., et al. (2007). Weighing of biomolecules, single cells and single nanoparticles in fluid. Nature 446, 1066–1069.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hahn-Deinstrop, E. (2006). Dünnschicht-Chromatographie. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Brody, H., Meghani, Z., and Greenwald, K. eds. (2010). Michael Ryan’s Writings on Medical Ethics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bie, M. B.-D., Roose, R., Coussée, F., and Bradt, L. (2014). “Learning Democracy in Social Work,” in Civic Learning, Democratic Citizenship and the Public Sphere, eds. G. Biesta, M. De Bie, and D. Wildemeersch (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). New Dinosaur Was Largest Known Terrestrial Predator Of The Jurassic. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). Space Surveillance: DOD and NASA Need Consolidated Requirements and a Coordinated Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cope, J. A. (2015). Coastal squeeze of vegetation zones in the Los Cerritos Wetlands: The effect of sea level rise.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1993). PRESIDENT MOVES IN FAVOR OF LABOR. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Massy, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (de Massy, 2014; Ize and Palmer, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ize and Palmer, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Burg et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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