How to format your references using the Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diamond, J. (2016). Archaeology: Sources of Chaco wood. Nature 529, 31–33.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kennel, C., and Dressler, A. (2014). Space science. Coping with uncertainty in space science planning. Science 343, 140–141.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beekman, M., Calis, J. N., and Boot, W. J. (2000). Parasitic honeybees get royal treatment. Nature 404, 723.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tao, J., Liu, N., Ma, W., Ding, L., Li, L., Su, J., et al. (2013). Solid-state high performance flexible supercapacitors based on polypyrrole-MnO2-carbon fiber hybrid structure. Sci. Rep. 3, 2286.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barkham, R. (2012). Real Estate and Globalisation. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Toman, R., Heinzen, R. A., Samuel, J. E., and Mege, J.-L. eds. (2012). Coxiella burnetii: Recent Advances and New Perspectives in Research of the Q Fever Bacterium. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Hedegaard, J. S., and Wrbka, S. (2016). “The Notion of Consumer Under EU Legislation and EU Case Law: Between the Poles of Legal Certainty and Flexibility,” in Legal Certainty in a Contemporary Context: Private and Criminal Law Perspectives, eds. M. Fenwick and S. Wrbka (Singapore: Springer), 69–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015). Evolving Galaxy Spotted In The Early Universe For The First Time. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000). National Airspace System: Problems Plaguing the Wide Area Augmentation System and FAA’s Actions to Address Them. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nellenbach, K. M. (2010). Contributions of oral language, problem-solving, and reading attitudes to young adolescents’ silent reading comprehension.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2016). Puerto Rico Senate Votes to Halt Payments on $72 Billion Debt. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diamond, 2016).
This sentence cites two references (Diamond, 2016; Kennel and Dressler, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kennel and Dressler, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Tao et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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