How to format your references using the Biogerontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biogerontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ahlquist P (2002) RNA-dependent RNA polymerases, viruses, and RNA silencing. Science 296:1270–1273
A journal article with 2 authors
Bienz M, He X (2012) Biochemistry. A lipid linchpin for Wnt-Fz docking. Science 337:44–45
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta R, He Z, Luan S (2002) Functional relationship of cytochrome c(6) and plastocyanin in Arabidopsis. Nature 417:567–571
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yoshida H, Bando T, Mito T, et al (2014) An extended steepness model for leg-size determination based on Dachsous/Fat trans-dimer system. Sci Rep 4:4335

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morocco CC, Aguilar CM, Bershad C, et al (2008) Supported Literacy for Adolescents. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA
An edited book
Okuno E (2014) Biomechanics of the Human Body. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Ciocchetta F (2008) The BlenX Language with Biological Transactions. In: Priami C (ed) Transactions on Computational Systems Biology IX. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 114–152

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biogerontology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Jumbled Arrangement Of Atoms Allows Bulk Metallic Glasses To Flow Like Honey. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Aviation Security: Further Steps Needed to Strengthen the Security of Commercial Airport Perimeters and Access Controls. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nonu ME (2017) Eagle Lake Climate Change during the Holocene and during the Last 100 Years. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hay G, Doyle M, Pethokoukis J (2010) Planned U.S. Tax Might Hurt Europe’s Banks Less. New York Times B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ahlquist 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Ahlquist 2002; Bienz and He 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bienz and He 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoshida et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiogerontology
ISSN (print)1389-5729
ISSN (online)1573-6768
Geriatrics and Gerontology

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