How to format your references using the Biogerontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biogerontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paytan A (2000) Global change. Iron uncertainty. Nature 406:468–469
A journal article with 2 authors
Macosko EZ, McCarroll SA (2013) Genetics. Our fallen genomes. Science 342:564–565
A journal article with 3 authors
Harrington J, Palethorpe S, Watson CI (2000) Does the Queen speak the Queen’s English? Nature 408:927–928
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Matsusaka S, Kobayakawa M, Mizutani M, et al (2013) Bubbling behavior of a fluidized bed of fine particles caused by vibration-induced air inflow. Sci Rep 3:1190

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benslama M, Batatia H, Messai A (2016) Transitions from Digital Communications to Quantum Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Dickinson SJ, Pizlo Z (eds) (2013) Shape Perception in Human and Computer Vision: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Sontz SB (2014) Toeplitz Quantization without Measure or Inner Product. In: Kielanowski P, Bieliavsky P, Odesskii A, et al. (eds) Geometric Methods in Physics: XXXII Workshop, Białowieża, Poland, June 30-July 6, 2013. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 57–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biogerontology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) Dramatic Video Of Yesterday’s SpaceX Rocket Explosion, And What It Means For The Company. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Commercial Space Transportation: Industry Trends, Government Challenges, and International Competitiveness Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liang M (2012) Information, communication and wayfinding: Technology shows us the world. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J (2016) As Hopes for European Unity Dim, New E.U. Headquarters Are Glowing. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paytan 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Paytan 2000; Macosko and McCarroll 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Macosko and McCarroll 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Matsusaka et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiogerontology
ISSN (print)1389-5729
ISSN (online)1573-6768
Geriatrics and Gerontology

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