How to format your references using the Biogerontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biogerontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stein RS (2004) Geoscience. Tidal triggering caught in the act. Science 305:1248–1249
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou BB, Elledge SJ (2000) The DNA damage response: putting checkpoints in perspective. Nature 408:433–439
A journal article with 3 authors
Nederbragt AJ, van Loon AE, Dictus WJAG (2002) Evolutionary biology: hedgehog crosses the snail’s midline. Nature 417:811–812
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liang W, Bockrath M, Bozovic D, et al (2001) Fabry - Perot interference in a nanotube electron waveguide. Nature 411:665–669

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
da Silva LS, Simões R, Gervásio H (2012) Design of Steel Structures. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany
An edited book
Thaman SC (ed) (2013) Exclusionary Rules in Comparative Law. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Cherifi C, Labatut V, Santucci J-F (2011) On Flexible Web Services Composition Networks. In: Cherifi H, Zain JM, El-Qawasmeh E (eds) Digital Information and Communication Technology and Its Applications: International Conference, DICTAP 2011, Dijon, France, June 21-23, 2011. Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 45–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biogerontology.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Orange Juice Is The Biggest Con Of Your Life. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/orange-juice-is-the-biggest-con-of-your-life/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Technology Transfer: Federal Agencies’ Patent Licensing Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Savvas C (2010) Hydroclimate variability and landuse effects on nutrient export from watersheds in the mid-Atlantic United States. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) Deep Into the Wild With Jane Goodall. New York Times C8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stein 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Zhou and Elledge 2000; Stein 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhou and Elledge 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Liang et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiogerontology
AbbreviationBiogerontology
ISSN (print)1389-5729
ISSN (online)1573-6768
ScopeAgeing
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Gerontology

Other styles