How to format your references using the Biogerontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biogerontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Premack D (2004) Psychology. Is language the key to human intelligence? Science 303:318–320
A journal article with 2 authors
Deng M, Hochstrasser M (2006) Spatially regulated ubiquitin ligation by an ER/nuclear membrane ligase. Nature 443:827–831
A journal article with 3 authors
Burke M, Hsiang SM, Miguel E (2015) Global non-linear effect of temperature on economic production. Nature 527:235–239
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gregersen JW, Kranc KR, Ke X, et al (2006) Functional epistasis on a common MHC haplotype associated with multiple sclerosis. Nature 443:574–577

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baber RL (2011) The Language of Mathematics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Eusgeld I, Freiling FC, Reussner R (eds) (2008) Dependability Metrics: Advanced Lectures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ebihara Y, Peaucelle D, Arzelier D (2015) Robust State-Feedback Synthesis for LTI Systems. In: Peaucelle D, Arzelier D (eds) S-Variable Approach to LMI-Based Robust Control. Springer, London, pp 107–137

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biogerontology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) How Your Body Knows When To Burn Fat. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Benchmarking: Costly and Difficult, but Often Necessary When Buying Computer Equipment or Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gardner RD (2010) A time course analysis of stem cell activity following brain injury in food-storing black-capped chickadees (Poecile atricapillus). Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) The One And Only: The Footprints On a Path to Gold. New York Times SP1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Premack 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Premack 2004; Deng and Hochstrasser 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deng and Hochstrasser 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Gregersen et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiogerontology
ISSN (print)1389-5729
ISSN (online)1573-6768
Geriatrics and Gerontology

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