How to format your references using the Biogerontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biogerontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keller SA (2010) Vital statistics. Nature 467:914
A journal article with 2 authors
Becher OJ, Wechsler-Reya RJ (2014) Cancer. For pediatric glioma, leave no histone unturned. Science 346:1458–1459
A journal article with 3 authors
Marchevsky M, Higgins MJ, Bhattacharya S (2001) Two coexisting vortex phases in the peak effect regime in a superconductor. Nature 409:591–594
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lucas RJ, Hattar S, Takao M, et al (2003) Diminished pupillary light reflex at high irradiances in melanopsin-knockout mice. Science 299:245–247

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gilmore R, Lefranc M (2011) The Topology of Chaos. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Reif K (ed) (2014) Brakes, Brake Control and Driver Assistance Systems: Function, Regulation and Components. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden
A chapter in an edited book
Tzanakis IP, Oreopoulos DG (2013) Magnesium and Kidney Disease. In: Watson RR, Preedy VR, Zibadi S (eds) Magnesium in Human Health and Disease. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 81–101

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biogerontology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Type 1 Diabetes Linked To Decreased Diversity In Microbiome. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Information Technology Management: Social Security Administration Practices Can Be Improved. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alai NL (2017) Development of a Sport-Specific Curriculum Addressing Selfefficacy to Optimize Carbohydrate and Calorie Intake Among Male and Female High School Cross-Country Runners. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM (2017) ‘Transparency’ Of Tweets Risks Eroding Media’s Trust. New York Times A12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keller 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Keller 2010; Becher and Wechsler-Reya 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Becher and Wechsler-Reya 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lucas et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiogerontology
ISSN (print)1389-5729
ISSN (online)1573-6768
Geriatrics and Gerontology

Other styles