How to format your references using the Dramatherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dramatherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyd, Robert W. 2008. “Physics. Let Quantum Mechanics Improve Your Images.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5888): 501–502.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fauci, Anthony S., and Francis S. Collins. 2012. “Benefits and Risks of Influenza Research: Lessons Learned.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6088): 1522–1523.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miller, Randall F., Richard Cloutier, and Susan Turner. 2003. “The Oldest Articulated Chondrichthyan from the Early Devonian Period.” Nature 425 (6957): 501–504.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Watts, Phillip C., Kevin R. Buley, Stephanie Sanderson, Wayne Boardman, Claudio Ciofi, and Richard Gibson. 2006. “Parthenogenesis in Komodo Dragons.” Nature 444 (7122): 1021–1022.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hu, Weiduo. 2015. Fundamental Spacecraft Dynamics and Control. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Menchetti, Pier Paolo Maria, ed. 2014. Minimally Invasive Surgery of the Lumbar Spine. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Deng, Xiangzheng, Jiyuan Liu, Enjun Ma, Li Jiang, Rui Yu, Qun’ou Jiang, and Chunhong Zhao. 2015. “Impact Assessments on Water and Heat Fluxes of Terrestrial Ecosystem Due to Land Use Change.” In Impacts of Land-Use Change on Ecosystem Services, edited by Jinyan Zhan, 149–209. Springer Geography. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dramatherapy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “A History Of Sugar – The Food Nobody Needs, But Everyone Craves.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Space Acquisitions: Stronger Development Practices and Investment Planning Needed to Address Continuing Problems. GAO-05-891T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bradnan, Danielle M. 2015. “Cherelle Wilt in Theobroma Cacao.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, Ben. 2015. “The Undoing of a Quiet Jet.” New York Times, August 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boyd 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Boyd 2008; Fauci and Collins 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fauci and Collins 2012)
  • Three authors: (Miller, Cloutier, and Turner 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Watts et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleDramatherapy
ISSN (print)0263-0672
ISSN (online)2157-1430

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