How to format your references using the Dramatherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dramatherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krause, D. W. 2001. “Fossil Molar from a Madagascan Marsupial.” Nature 412 (6846): 497–498.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scanziani, Massimo, and Michael Häusser. 2009. “Electrophysiology in the Age of Light.” Nature 461 (7266): 930–939.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fry, Steven N., Rosalyn Sayaman, and Michael H. Dickinson. 2003. “The Aerodynamics of Free-Flight Maneuvers in Drosophila.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5618): 495–498.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Colaprete, Anthony, Peter Schultz, Jennifer Heldmann, Diane Wooden, Mark Shirley, Kimberly Ennico, Brendan Hermalyn, et al. 2010. “Detection of Water in the LCROSS Ejecta Plume.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6003): 463–468.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kadane, Joseph B., and David A. Schum. 1997. A Probabilistic Analysis of the Sacco and Vanzetti Evidence: Kadane/A Probabilistic. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Borangiu, Theodor, ed. 2016. Advances in Robot Design and Intelligent Control: Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Robotics in Alpe-Adria-Danube Region (RAAD). 1st ed. 2016. Vol. 371. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Mingo, N., D. A. Stewart, D. A. Broido, L. Lindsay, and W. Li. 2014. “Ab Initio Thermal Transport.” In Length-Scale Dependent Phonon Interactions, edited by Subhash L. Shindé and Gyaneshwar P. Srivastava, 137–173. Topics in Applied Physics. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dramatherapy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2016. “Fight, Flight Or … Faint? Why Some People Pass Out When They See Blood Or Feel Pain.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1981. The Guaranteed Student Loan Information System Needs a Thorough Redesign To Account for the Expenditure of Billions. HRD-81-139. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boerger, Ellen Marie. 2014. “Natural Regeneration Dynamics of Red Oak Seedlings in Mississippi Bottomland Forests.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, James. 2017. “E.U. Moves to Set Up Military Training.” New York Times, March 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Krause 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Krause 2001; Scanziani and Häusser 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scanziani and Häusser 2009)
  • Three authors: (Fry, Sayaman, and Dickinson 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Colaprete et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleDramatherapy
ISSN (print)0263-0672
ISSN (online)2157-1430

Other styles