How to format your references using the Dramatherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dramatherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGaugh, Stacy. 2007. “Astronomy. Seeing through Dark Matter.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5838): 607–608.
A journal article with 2 authors
Papavasiliou, F. N., and D. G. Schatz. 2000. “Cell-Cycle-Regulated DNA Double-Stranded Breaks in Somatic Hypermutation of Immunoglobulin Genes.” Nature 408 (6809): 216–221.
A journal article with 3 authors
van Groenigen, Kees Jan, Craig W. Osenberg, and Bruce A. Hungate. 2011. “Increased Soil Emissions of Potent Greenhouse Gases under Increased Atmospheric CO2.” Nature 475 (7355): 214–216.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kenichi, Takemura, Sato Kyoko, Fujihisa Hiroshi, and Onoda Mitsuko. 2003. “Modulated Structure of Solid Iodine during Its Molecular Dissociation under High Pressure.” Nature 423 (6943): 971–974.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Charalambides, Charalambos A. 2005. Combinatorial Methods in Discrete Distributions: Charalambides/Combinatorial. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ward, Alister C., ed. 2016. STAT Inhibitors in Cancer. Cancer Drug Discovery and Development. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Law, Nancy, Allan Yuen, and Robert Fox. 2011. “Pedagogical Practices, Technology Use, and Teacher Competence.” In Educational Innovations Beyond Technology: Nurturing Leadership and Establishing Learning Organizations, edited by Allan Yuen and Robert Fox, 89–111. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dramatherapy.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “Watch A Parachute Drop Go Wrong As Three Cars Slam Into The Ground.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Final Certification of TAP Fund. AIMD/OGC-00-250R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richey, Bree. 2014. “Exploration of a Tandem Diels-Alder Ugi-Smiles Reaction.” Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Reinhart, Mary K. 2010. “Kathryn Bertine and George Varhola Jr.” New York Times, November 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGaugh 2007).
This sentence cites two references (McGaugh 2007; Papavasiliou and Schatz 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Papavasiliou and Schatz 2000)
  • Three authors: (van Groenigen, Osenberg, and Hungate 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kenichi et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleDramatherapy
ISSN (print)0263-0672
ISSN (online)2157-1430

Other styles