How to format your references using the Dramatherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dramatherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, Paul. 2005. “Bricks and Mortar. Scottish Structural Proteomics Facility, University of St Andrews, UK.” Nature 433 (7026): 666.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dezhina, Irina, and Loren R. Graham. 2005. “Research Funding. Science Foundations: A Novelty in Russian Science.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310 (5755): 1772–1773.
A journal article with 3 authors
Veríssimo, Adalberto, Mark A. Cochrane, and Carlos Souza Jr. 2002. “Ecology. National Forests in the Amazon.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5586): 1478.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Shen, Qicong, Qian Zhang, Yang Shi, Qingzhu Shi, Yanyan Jiang, Yan Gu, Zhiqing Li, et al. 2018. “Tet2 Promotes Pathogen Infection-Induced Myelopoiesis through MRNA Oxidation.” Nature 554 (7690): 123–127.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoskins, Brian J., and Ian N. James. 2014. Fluid Dynamics of the Midlatitude Atmosphere. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Torres, Diego F., and Nanda Rea, eds. 2011. High-Energy Emission from Pulsars and Their Systems: Proceedings of the First Session of the Sant Cugat Forum on Astrophysics. Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Stranieri, Andrew, and John Zeleznikow. 2005. “Data Mining with Rule Induction.” In Knowledge Discovery from Legal Databases, edited by John Zeleznikow, 83–98. Law and Philosophy Library. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dramatherapy.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2016. “Health Check: Which Fruits Are Healthier, And In What Form?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Student Loans: Characteristics of Defaulted Borrowers in the Stafford Student Loan Program. HRD-91-82BR. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grefe, Sarah E. 2013. “Plasmonic and Topological Insulator Nanostructures and Metamaterials Nanoscale Near-Field Investigations: Experiment and Theory.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. 2015. “Puerto Rico Begins Choosing Which Payments to Make.” New York Times, December 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2005; Dezhina and Graham 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dezhina and Graham 2005)
  • Three authors: (Veríssimo, Cochrane, and Souza 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Shen et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleDramatherapy
ISSN (print)0263-0672
ISSN (online)2157-1430

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