How to format your references using the Dramatherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dramatherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx, Vivien. 2014. “Cancer Treatment: Sharp Shooters.” Nature 508 (7494): 133–138.
A journal article with 2 authors
De Tomaso, Anthony W., and Irving L. Weissman. 2004. “Evolution of a Protochordate Allorecognition Locus.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5660): 977.
A journal article with 3 authors
Raty, Jean-Yves, Eric Schwegler, and Stanimir A. Bonev. 2007. “Electronic and Structural Transitions in Dense Liquid Sodium.” Nature 449 (7161): 448–451.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Suehiro, Kenji, Yuka Nakamura, Shuai Xu, Youichi Uda, Takafumi Matsumura, Yoshiaki Yamaguchi, Hitoshi Okamura, Toshihide Yamashita, and Yoshinori Takei. 2014. “Ecto-Domain Phosphorylation Promotes Functional Recovery from Spinal Cord Injury.” Scientific Reports 4 (May): 4972.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levitin, Valim. 2005. High Temperature Strain of Metals and Alloys. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Hughes, Graham R. V., ed. 2009. Understanding Hughes Syndrome: Case Studies for Patients. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Anshakov, Oleg M., and Tamás Gergely. 2010. “Constructing a Model of a Cognizing Agent.” In Cognitive Reasoning: A Formal Approach, edited by Oleg M. Anshakov, 41–49. Cognitive Technologies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dramatherapy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Watch The Antares Rocket Launch Live.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. NASA: More Knowledge Needed to Determine Best Alternatives to Provide Space Station Logistics Support. GAO-05-488. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Darnell, Carl. 2017. “Sharecropping in Higher Education: Case Study of the Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University - Florida State University Joint College of Engineering.” Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, James. 2017. “Sketching an Artistic Love Triangle.” New York Times, May 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marx 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Marx 2014; De Tomaso and Weissman 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (De Tomaso and Weissman 2004)
  • Three authors: (Raty, Schwegler, and Bonev 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Suehiro et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleDramatherapy
ISSN (print)0263-0672
ISSN (online)2157-1430

Other styles