How to format your references using the Dramatherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dramatherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickson, Barry J. 2002. “Molecular Mechanisms of Axon Guidance.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5600): 1959–1964.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watrin, Erwan, and Jan-Michael Peters. 2007. “Molecular Biology. How and When the Genome Sticks Together.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5835): 209–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meeusen, Shelly, J. Michael McCaffery, and Jodi Nunnari. 2004. “Mitochondrial Fusion Intermediates Revealed in Vitro.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305 (5691): 1747–1752.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Oppenheimer, B. R., N. C. Hambly, A. P. Digby, S. T. Hodgkin, and D. Saumon. 2001. “Direct Detection of Galactic Halo Dark Matter.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292 (5517): 698–702.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Miller, Michael B. 2013. Mathematics and Statistics for Financial Risk Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cowen, Robert, and Andreas M. Kazamias, eds. 2009. International Handbook of Comparative Education. Vol. 22. Springer International Handbooks of Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Diemert, Benjamin, Marie-Hélène Abel, and Claude Moulin. 2010. “Ontology Representations for Information Exchange between Communities.” In Ontology, Conceptualization and Epistemology for Information Systems, Software Engineering and Service Science: 4th International Workshop, ONTOSE 2010, Held at CAiSE 2010, Hammamet, Tunisia, June 7-8, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Miguel-Angel Sicilia, Christian Kop, and Fabio Sartori, 47–62. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dramatherapy.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “The Science Of How These Twin Sisters Look So Different.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. GAO Report on Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. AIMD-00-82R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Restrepo, Eduardo. 2009. “Eventalizing Blackness in Colombia.” Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stevenson, Alexandra. 2017. “Big Investors Ripe for a Fight.” New York Times, April 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dickson 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Dickson 2002; Watrin and Peters 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Watrin and Peters 2007)
  • Three authors: (Meeusen, McCaffery, and Nunnari 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Oppenheimer et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleDramatherapy
ISSN (print)0263-0672
ISSN (online)2157-1430

Other styles