How to format your references using the Discrete Event Dynamic Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Discrete Event Dynamic Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C (2013) Sharing information is preferable to patenting. Nature 498:273
A journal article with 2 authors
Tegmark M, Bostrom N (2005) Astrophysics: is a doomsday catastrophe likely? Nature 438:754
A journal article with 3 authors
Stratton MR, Campbell PJ, Futreal PA (2009) The cancer genome. Nature 458:719–724
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pokholok DK, Zeitlinger J, Hannett NM, et al (2006) Activated signal transduction kinases frequently occupy target genes. Science 313:533–536

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weverka P (2010) Microsoft® PowerPoint® 2010 All-in-One for Dummies®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bora N, Dodd C, Desmasures N (eds) (2015) Diversity, Dynamics and Functional Role of Actinomycetes on European Smear Ripened Cheeses. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Horita M (2009) When an Electronic Citizen Forum Works and When Not: An Organisational Analysis of the Mitaka Master Plan Process. In: Horita M, Koizumi H (eds) Innovations in Collaborative Urban Regeneration. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp 53–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Discrete Event Dynamic Systems.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) New Antiproton Measurement Deepens Mystery Of Why The Universe Is Made Of Matter. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Federal Student Aid: Highlights of a Study Group on Simplifying the Free Application for Federal Student Aid. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berbery ML (2010) Predictors of White adoptive parents’ cultural and racial socialization behaviors with their Asian adopted children. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Linkin Park Album Is No. 1, Surprisingly. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Tegmark and Bostrom 2005; Macilwain 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tegmark and Bostrom 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Pokholok et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleDiscrete Event Dynamic Systems
AbbreviationDiscrete Event Dyn. Syst.: Theory Appl.
ISSN (print)0924-6703
ISSN (online)1573-7594
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles