How to format your references using the Discrete Event Dynamic Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Discrete Event Dynamic Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage N (2015) Metastasis: Resistance fighters. Nature 528:S128-9
A journal article with 2 authors
Manoli DS, Baker BS (2004) Median bundle neurons coordinate behaviours during Drosophila male courtship. Nature 430:564–569
A journal article with 3 authors
Doebeli M, Hauert C, Killingback T (2004) The evolutionary origin of cooperators and defectors. Science 306:859–862
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ferrer M, Golyshina OV, Beloqui A, et al (2007) The cellular machinery of Ferroplasma acidiphilum is iron-protein-dominated. Nature 445:91–94

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eales L-J (2005) Immunology for Life Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Rashid A, Aksit M (eds) (2007) Transactions on Aspect-Oriented Software Development IV. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Tazreiter C, Weber L, Pickering S, et al (2016) Samoan-Born New Zealanders as Trans-Tasman Denizens. In: Weber L, Pickering S, Segrave M, McKernan H (eds) Fluid Security in the Asia Pacific: Transnational Lives, Human Rights and State Control. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 77–102

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Discrete Event Dynamic Systems.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) New Analysis Suggests Earth’s Magnetic Field Is Destabilizing. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Executive Guide: Leading Practices in Capital Decision-Making (Superseded by AIMD-99-32). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cashion AT (2010) Exploring Dielectric Absorption: Data Collection System Development. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2017) Fox News Rivals See A Chance To Move In. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Manoli and Baker 2004; Savage 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Manoli and Baker 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Ferrer et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleDiscrete Event Dynamic Systems
AbbreviationDiscrete Event Dyn. Syst.: Theory Appl.
ISSN (print)0924-6703
ISSN (online)1573-7594
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles