How to format your references using the Discrete Event Dynamic Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Discrete Event Dynamic Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stahl SS (2005) Chemistry. Palladium-catalyzed oxidation of organic chemicals with O2. Science 309:1824–1826
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghose GM, Maunsell JHR (2002) Attentional modulation in visual cortex depends on task timing. Nature 419:616–620
A journal article with 3 authors
Worobey M, Han G-Z, Rambaut A (2014) A synchronized global sweep of the internal genes of modern avian influenza virus. Nature 508:254–257
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Schwoerer H, Pfotenhauer S, Jäckel O, et al (2006) Laser-plasma acceleration of quasi-monoenergetic protons from microstructured targets. Nature 439:445–448

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hersent O, Petit J-P, Gurle D (2005) IP Telephony. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Young Lin T, Ohsuga S, Liau C-J, Hu X (eds) (2006) Foundations and Novel Approaches in Data Mining. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Aoki S (2008) Descartes and Locke on the Nature of Matter: a Note. In: Hutton S, Schuurman P (eds) Studies on Locke: Sources, Contemporaries, and Legacy. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 75–88

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Discrete Event Dynamic Systems.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) Your Devices’ Latest Feature? They Can Spy On Your Every Move. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) GSA Lease Prospectuses Provide a Reasonable Basis for the Congress To Approve Proposed Space Acquisitions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rich JB (2009) Guinevere takes her seat at the Round Table—or does she? Moving a primary Western myth forward. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF (2005) Stories From the Battlefield Inspire a Teacher’s World War II Novel. New York Times 14LI10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stahl 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Ghose and Maunsell 2002; Stahl 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghose and Maunsell 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Schwoerer et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleDiscrete Event Dynamic Systems
AbbreviationDiscrete Event Dyn. Syst.: Theory Appl.
ISSN (print)0924-6703
ISSN (online)1573-7594
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles