How to format your references using the Integral Equations and Operator Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integral Equations and Operator Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Hohenheim, T.: A leap of faith. Nature. 407, 949 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou, J., Guo, L.J.: Transition from a spectrum filter to a polarizer in a metallic nano-slit array. Sci. Rep. 4, 3614 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Zobel, M., Neder, R.B., Kimber, S.A.J.: Universal solvent restructuring induced by colloidal nanoparticles. Science. 347, 292–294 (2015)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Patil, R.A., Devan, R.S., Lin, J.-H., Liou, Y., Ma, Y.-R.: An efficient methodology for measurement of the average electrical properties of single one-dimensional NiO nanorods. Sci. Rep. 3, 3070 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shuttleworth, W.J.: Terrestrial Hydrometeorology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2012)
An edited book
Brauch, H.G., Oswald Spring, Ú., Mesjasz, C., Grin, J., Kameri-Mbote, P., Chourou, B., Dunay, P., Birkmann, J. eds: Coping with Global Environmental Change, Disasters and Security: Threats, Challenges, Vulnerabilities and Risks. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Amar, B., Guédi, A.O., Miralles, A., Huchard, M., Libourel, T., Nebut, C.: Finding Semi-Automatically a Greatest Common Model Thanks to Formal Concept Analysis. In: Cordeiro, J., Maciaszek, L.A., and Filipe, J. (eds.) Enterprise Information Systems: 14th International Conference, ICEIS 2012, Wroclaw, Poland, June 28 - July 1, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. pp. 72–91. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integral Equations and Operator Theory.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Researchers Develop An Inhaler To Protect Against Air Pollution


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Transportation Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pitron, J.E.: The influence of exemplary followership on organizational performance: A phenomenological approach, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S.: Seeing and Being Seen, Across Millenniums, (2013)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegral Equations and Operator Theory
AbbreviationIntegral Equations Operator Theory
ISSN (print)0378-620X
ISSN (online)1420-8989
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

Other styles