How to format your references using the Integral Equations and Operator Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integral Equations and Operator Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elitzur, M.: Astronomy. Masers in the sky. Science. 309, 71–72 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Vlaminck, V., Bailleul, M.: Current-induced spin-wave Doppler shift. Science. 322, 410–413 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Oliveira, G. de A., Lieberman, J., Barillas-Mury, C.: Epithelial nitration by a peroxidase/NOX5 system mediates mosquito antiplasmodial immunity. Science. 335, 856–859 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
McGregor, H.V., Dima, M., Fischer, H.W., Mulitza, S.: Rapid 20th-century increase in coastal upwelling off northwest Africa. Science. 315, 637–639 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grinyer, A.: Palliative and End of Life Care for Children and Young People. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK (2012)
An edited book
Barsukov, I.V., Johnson, C.S., Doninger, J.E., Barsukov, V.Z. eds: New Carbon Based Materials for Electrochemical Energy Storage Systems: Batteries, Supercapacitors and Fuel Cells. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Stanković, R.S., Astola, J.: Boolean Algebra - A Mathematical Subject. In: Astola, J. (ed.) From Boolean Logic to Switching Circuits and Automata: Towards Modern Information Technology. pp. 111–116. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integral Equations and Operator Theory.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Improved Anti-HIV Antibodies Created Through Genetic Engineering


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak’s Financial Crisis Threatens Continued Viability. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1997)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, J.M.: Navy Supply Corps officer’s perspective on effective leadership, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris, K.: Market Report; Stripes on Stripes, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegral Equations and Operator Theory
AbbreviationIntegral Equations Operator Theory
ISSN (print)0378-620X
ISSN (online)1420-8989
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

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