How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Reimold WU. Geosciences. Impact cratering comes of age. Science (2003) 300:1889–1890.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lloyd K, White J. Democratizing clinical research. Nature (2011) 474:277–278.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zhao BS, Meijer G, Schöllkopf W. Quantum reflection of He2 several nanometers above a grating surface. Science (2011) 331:892–894.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Shimizu A, Nakatani Y, Nakamura T, Jinno-Oue A, Ishikawa O, Boeke JD, Takeuchi Y, Hoshino H. Characterisation of cytoplasmic DNA complementary to non-retroviral RNA viruses in human cells. Sci Rep (2014) 4:5074.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Burton E. Business and Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2016).
An edited book
1.
Oh D-S, Phillips F eds. Technopolis: Best Practices for Science and Technology Cities. London: Springer (2014).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Uustalu T, Vene V. “The Essence of Dataflow Programming,” in Central European Functional Programming School: First Summer School, CEFP 2005, Budapest, Hungary, July 4-15, 2005, Revised Selected Lectures Lecture Notes in Computer Science., ed. Z. Horváth (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 135–167.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychiatry.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. Supermassive Black Holes Become Shrouded In Dust During Galaxy Mergers. IFLScience (2017)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. ADP Acquisition: Air Force Logistics System Modernization Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (1989).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Cordova M. The impact of a teacher training program on student engagement. (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Zajac MK. Stars of Their Own Screenplay. New York Times (2014)ST16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychiatry
AbbreviationFront. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)1664-0640
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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