How to format your references using the Flavour and Fragrance Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Flavour and Fragrance Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Dalton, Nature 2000, 405, 725.
A journal article with 2 authors
H. Youngs, C. Somerville, Science 2014, 344, 1095–1096.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Maier, S. Jenni, N. Ban, Science 2006, 311, 1258–1262.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Livet, T. A. Weissman, H. Kang, R. W. Draft, J. Lu, R. A. Bennis, J. R. Sanes, J. W. Lichtman, Nature 2007, 450, 56–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. C.-H. Li, RF Circuit Design, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
M. Marinč, The Economics of Bank Bankruptcy Law, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Ji, Z. Qu, W. Li, C. Xu, X. Zhu, in Information Technology and Agricultural Engineering (Eds.: E. Zhu, S. Sambath), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012, pp. 23–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Flavour and Fragrance Journal.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Intelligent Life In The Universe? Phone Home, Dammit! [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Vocational Education: Status in 2-Year Colleges in 1990-91 and Early Signs of Change, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. M. Blalock, The Links at St Andrews, Scotland A Phenomenological Hermeneutic Exploration of Golf’s Primordial Place, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Sisario, New York Times 2017, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleFlavour and Fragrance Journal
AbbreviationFlavour Fragr. J.
ISSN (print)0882-5734
ISSN (online)1099-1026
ScopeFood Science
General Chemistry

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