How to format your references using the Flavour and Fragrance Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Flavour and Fragrance Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Gould, Nature 2014, 511, S52-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
N. Gaztelumendi, C. Nogués, Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5324.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Mori, R. D. Vale, M. Tomishige, Nature 2007, 450, 750–754.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. P. Zehr, J. B. Waterbury, P. J. Turner, J. P. Montoya, E. Omoregie, G. F. Steward, A. Hansen, D. M. Karl, Nature 2001, 412, 635–638.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. I. Good, Introduction to Statistics Through Resampling Methods and R, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
M. Ah-King, Ed. , Challenging Popular Myths of Sex, Gender and Biology, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Ermolieva, Y. Ermoliev, G. Fischer, M. Jonas, M. Makowski, in Coping with Uncertainty: Robust Solutions (Eds.: K. Marti, Y. Ermoliev, M. Makowski), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010, pp. 79–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Flavour and Fragrance Journal.

Blog post
E. Andrew, The 10 Stuff-Ups We All Make When Interpreting Research. [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Strategic Bombers: B-2 Program Status and Current Issues, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.-G. Charles, African American Ninth-Grade Students’ Engagement and Learning in Mathematics: A Case Study of Parent-Teacher Collaboration, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, New York Times 2012, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleFlavour and Fragrance Journal
AbbreviationFlavour Fragr. J.
ISSN (print)0882-5734
ISSN (online)1099-1026
ScopeFood Science
General Chemistry

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