How to format your references using the Biomacromolecules citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomacromolecules. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heikkilä, T. T. Physics. Cold-Atom Thermoelectrics. Science 2013, 342 (6159), 703–704.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kraemer, J. D.; Gostin, L. O. Public Health and Biosecurity. The Limits of Government Regulation of Science. Science 2012, 335 (6072), 1047–1049.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jansen, J. F. A.; Gearhart, J. D.; Bulte, J. W. M. Comment on “Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Identifies Neural Progenitor Cells in the Live Human Brain.” Science 2008, 321 (5889), 640.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ansel, K. M.; Ngo, V. N.; Hyman, P. L.; Luther, S. A.; Förster, R.; Sedgwick, J. D.; Browning, J. L.; Lipp, M.; Cyster, J. G. A Chemokine-Driven Positive Feedback Loop Organizes Lymphoid Follicles. Nature 2000, 406 (6793), 309–314.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Seyfried, T. N. Cancer as a Metabolic Disease; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Nonlinear Model Predictive Control: Towards New Challenging Applications; Magni, L., Raimondo, D. M., Allgöwer, F., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; Vol. 384.
A chapter in an edited book
Huppertz, T. Chemistry of the Caseins. In Advanced Dairy Chemistry: Volume 1A: Proteins: Basic Aspects, 4th Edition; McSweeney, P. L. H., Fox, P. F., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2013; pp 135–160.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomacromolecules.

Blog post
Davis, J. Scientists Detail Naked Mole-Rats’ Unique Anti-Cancer Gene. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Program Administration at the Atterbury Job Corps Center in Indiana; B-130515; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailoor, S. Implicit-Explicit Time Stepping for a Two-Dimensional Inviscid Fluid-Structure Interaction Solver. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. Arts, Briefly; Russian Officials Say Looted War Art Can Stay. New York Times. March 7, 2005, p E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomacromolecules
ISSN (print)1525-7797
ISSN (online)1526-4602
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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