How to format your references using the Biomacromolecules citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomacromolecules. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. Referendum Stalls Japanese Nuclear Power Strategy. Nature 2001, 411 (6839), 729.
A journal article with 2 authors
St Laurent, L. C.; Thurnherr, A. M. Intense Mixing of Lower Thermocline Water on the Crest of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Nature 2007, 448 (7154), 680–683.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mathis, D.; Vence, L.; Benoist, C. Beta-Cell Death during Progression to Diabetes. Nature 2001, 414 (6865), 792–798.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Langevin, Y.; Douté, S.; Vincendon, M.; Poulet, F.; Bibring, J.-P.; Gondet, B.; Schmitt, B.; Forget, F. No Signature of Clear CO2 Ice from the “cryptic” Regions in Mars’ South Seasonal Polar Cap. Nature 2006, 442 (7104), 790–792.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zaragoza Dörwald, F. Side Reactions in Organic Synthesis; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG, 2004.
An edited book
Camera Traps in Animal Ecology: Methods and Analyses; O’Connell, A. F., Nichols, J. D., Karanth, K. U., Eds.; Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, Q.; Canova, M. Output Feedback Control of Automotive Air Conditioning System Using $$H_{\infty }$$ Technique. In Automotive Air Conditioning: Optimization, Control and Diagnosis; Li, S. E., Deng, K., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp 73–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomacromolecules.

Blog post
Andrew, D. Why UPS Drivers Don’t Turn Left And You Probably Shouldn’t Either (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Inquiry About the Office of Telecommunications Policy; B-151192; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stanton, B. On Location: Race and Family in the Poetry of Sonia Sanchez, June Jordan, and Cathy Song. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gardiner, K. Sing, Memory. New York Times. February 21, 2016, p BR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomacromolecules
ISSN (print)1525-7797
ISSN (online)1526-4602
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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