How to format your references using the Biomacromolecules citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomacromolecules. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abraham, R. T. Cell Biology. Making Sense of Amino Acid Sensing. Science 2015, 347 (6218), 128–129.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jayaraman, K. S.; Weis, P. Fallout from Terrorism Hits Summits on Developing World. Nature 2001, 413 (6858), 759.
A journal article with 3 authors
McKemy, D. D.; Neuhausser, W. M.; Julius, D. Identification of a Cold Receptor Reveals a General Role for TRP Channels in Thermosensation. Nature 2002, 416 (6876), 52–58.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gong, X.; Tong, M.; Xia, Y.; Cai, W.; Moon, J. S.; Cao, Y.; Yu, G.; Shieh, C.-L.; Nilsson, B.; Heeger, A. J. High-Detectivity Polymer Photodetectors with Spectral Response from 300 Nm to 1450 Nm. Science 2009, 325 (5948), 1665–1667.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barbosa, P.; Berry, D. L.; Kary, C. S. Insect Histology; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
Analysis, Partial Differential Equations and Applications: The Vladimir Maz’ya Anniversary Volume; Cialdea, A., Ricci, P. E., Lanzara, F., Eds.; Operator Theory: Advances and Applications; Birkhäuser: Basel, 2009; Vol. 193.
A chapter in an edited book
D’Alessio, S. Investigating Inclusive Practice in the Schools of Adriazzurra. In Inclusive Education in Italy: A Critical Analysis of the Policy of Integrazione Scolastica; D’Alessio, S., Ed.; SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2011; pp 83–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomacromolecules.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Giant Galaxies Die From The Inside When They Stop Making Stars (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Globe Safety Product’s Inquiry Regarding Firefighters Breathing Apparatus Developed for NASA by Scott Aviation Company; PSAD-77-68; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monterosa, V. M. Digital Citizenship District-Wide: Examining the Organizational Evolution of an Initiative. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. Tapping ’70s TV to Expand a Comic Book Lineup. New York Times. July 18, 2016, p B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomacromolecules
ISSN (print)1525-7797
ISSN (online)1526-4602
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

Other styles