How to format your references using the Biomacromolecules citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomacromolecules. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pääbo, S. The Mosaic That Is Our Genome. Nature 2003, 421 (6921), 409–412.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aronson, S. J.; Rehm, H. L. Building the Foundation for Genomics in Precision Medicine. Nature 2015, 526 (7573), 336–342.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jan, C. H.; Williams, C. C.; Weissman, J. S. Principles of ER Cotranslational Translocation Revealed by Proximity-Specific Ribosome Profiling. Science 2014, 346 (6210), 1257521.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Islam, F. S.; Gault, A. G.; Boothman, C.; Polya, D. A.; Charnock, J. M.; Chatterjee, D.; Lloyd, J. R. Role of Metal-Reducing Bacteria in Arsenic Release from Bengal Delta Sediments. Nature 2004, 430 (6995), 68–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Held, G. Virtual Private Networking; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
Technical Basis of Radiation Therapy: Practical Clinical Applications; Levitt, S. H., Purdy, J. A., Perez, C. A., Poortmans, P., Eds.; Medical Radiology; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Fairbairn, B. Strongly Real Beauville Groups. In Beauville Surfaces and Groups; Bauer, I., Garion, S., Vdovina, A., Eds.; Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp 41–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomacromolecules.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Cats And Dogs Remember Things In The Same Way. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Regulatory Burden; GGD-97-26R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
David, S. Z. A Practical Approach for Formation Damage Control in Both Miscible and Immiscible CO2 Gas Flooding in Asphaltenic Crude Systems Using Water Slugs and Injection Parameters. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. A Y.M.C.A. Changes Its Tune by Offering Office Space. New York Times. November 11, 2001, p 1412.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomacromolecules
ISSN (print)1525-7797
ISSN (online)1526-4602
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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