How to format your references using the Biomacromolecules citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomacromolecules. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trivedi, B. P. Gustatory System: The Finer Points of Taste. Nature 2012, 486 (7403), S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Seibel, B. A.; Walsh, P. J. Carbon Cycle. Potential Impacts of CO2 Injection on Deep-Sea Biota. Science 2001, 294 (5541), 319–320.
A journal article with 3 authors
Perrachione, T. K.; Del Tufo, S. N.; Gabrieli, J. D. E. Human Voice Recognition Depends on Language Ability. Science 2011, 333 (6042), 595.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Champion, P. A. D.; Stanley, S. A.; Champion, M. M.; Brown, E. J.; Cox, J. S. C-Terminal Signal Sequence Promotes Virulence Factor Secretion in Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. Science 2006, 313 (5793), 1632–1636.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bisswanger, H. Enzymkinetik; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
Ilaslan, H. Pediatric and Adult MRI Atlas of Bone Marrow: Normal Appearances, Variants and Diffuse Disease States; Sundaram, M., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Towson, J. E. C.; Eberl, S. Radiation Protection and Dosimetry in PET and PET/CT. In Positron Emission Tomography: Clinical Practice; Valk, P. E., Delbeke, D., Bailey, D. L., Townsend, D. W., Maisey, M. N., Eds.; Springer: London, 2006; pp 41–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomacromolecules.

Blog post
Fang, J. Your Brain Is “Hard-Wired” To React Without Thinking. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DOE’s Laboratory Facilities; RCED-96-183R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kantar, L. Clinical Judgment among New Nursing Graduates: A Multiple-Case Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, K.; Pilon, M. After Tying in 100, Advancing in 200. New York Times. June 29, 2012, p B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomacromolecules
ISSN (print)1525-7797
ISSN (online)1526-4602
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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