How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pediatric Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pediatric Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, V. R. (2001). Water and the martian landscape. Nature 412, 228–236.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rutherford, S., and D’Hondt, S. (2000). Early onset and tropical forcing of 100,000-year Pleistocene glacial cycles. Nature 408, 72–75.
A journal article with 3 authors
Naumov, I. I., Bellaiche, L., and Fu, H. (2004). Unusual phase transitions in ferroelectric nanodisks and nanorods. Nature 432, 737–740.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sanyal, S., Sandstrom, D. J., Hoeffer, C. A., and Ramaswami, M. (2002). AP-1 functions upstream of CREB to control synaptic plasticity in Drosophila. Nature 416, 870–874.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2012). Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Park, J.-W., Kim, T.-G., and Kim, Y.-B. eds. (2007). AsiaSim 2007: Asia Simulation Conference 2007, Seoul, Korea, October 10-12, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Barbosa, V. H. (2013). “Nonscarring Alopecias,” in Skin of Color: A Practical Guide to Dermatologic Diagnosis and Treatment, eds. A. F. Alexis and V. H. Barbosa (New York, NY: Springer), 91–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pediatric Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). New Cancer Therapy “Dissolves” Woman’s Tumor In 3 Weeks. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Telecommunications: Concerns Regarding the Structure and FCC’s Management of the E-Rate Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Volkmer, J. E. (2010). The Cretaceous-Tertiary tectonic evolution of the Lhasa Terrane, Tibet.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hardy, M. (2017). In Houston, Juneteenth Site Rises From the Ruins. New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Rutherford and D’Hondt, 2000; Baker, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rutherford and D’Hondt, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Sanyal et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pediatric Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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