How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pediatric Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pediatric Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schoggins, J. W. (2015). IMMUNOLOGY. Viruses carry antiviral cargo. Science 349, 1166–1167.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lodish, H., and Fedoroff, N. (2012). Retrospective. Norton Zinder (1928-2012). Science 335, 1316.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bilham, R., Gaur, V. K., and Molnar, P. (2001). Earthquakes. Himalayan seismic hazard. Science 293, 1442–1444.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wienholds, E., Kloosterman, W. P., Miska, E., Alvarez-Saavedra, E., Berezikov, E., de Bruijn, E., et al. (2005). MicroRNA expression in zebrafish embryonic development. Science 309, 310–311.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
French, B. A. (2016). Chronicles Through the Centuries. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Vereecken, W. (2009). Ultra-Wideband Pulse-based Radio: Reliable Communication over a Wideband Channel. , ed. M. Steyaert Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Izmailov, A. F., and Solodov, M. V. (2014). “Variational Problems: Globalization of Convergence,” in Newton-Type Methods for Optimization and Variational Problems Springer Series in Operations Research and Financial Engineering., ed. M. V. Solodov (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 305–366.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pediatric Oncology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Virgin Birth Confirmed in World’s Longest Snake Species. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). Adult Education: Measuring Program Results Has Been Challenging. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lanigan, L. G. (2012). Effects of Two Cancer Genes, HTLV-1 Tax and E-Cadherin, on Cancer Development and Progression.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2016). Who Needs Streaming? Aldean Album Is No. 1. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schoggins, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lodish and Fedoroff, 2012; Schoggins, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lodish and Fedoroff, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Wienholds et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pediatric Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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