How to format your references using the Frontiers in Pediatric Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Pediatric Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharon, M. (2013). Biochemistry. Structural MS pulls its weight. Science 340, 1059–1060.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dey, S., and Joshi, A. (2006). Stability via asynchrony in Drosophila metapopulations with low migration rates. Science 312, 434–436.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cook, D. J., Teves, L., and Tymianski, M. (2012). Treatment of stroke with a PSD-95 inhibitor in the gyrencephalic primate brain. Nature 483, 213–217.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gu, L., Livenere, J. E., Zhu, G., Tumkur, T. U., Hu, H., Cortes, C. L., et al. (2014). Angular distribution of emission from hyperbolic metamaterials. Sci. Rep. 4, 7327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levy, D. (2011). Practical Diabetes Care. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Krcmar, H., Reussner, R., and Rumpe, B. eds. (2014). Trusted Cloud Computing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Deines, A., Fuselier, J. G., Long, L., Swisher, H., and Tu, F.-T. (2016). “Hypergeometric Series, Truncated Hypergeometric Series, and Gaussian Hypergeometric Functions,” in Directions in Number Theory: Proceedings of the 2014 WIN3 Workshop Association for Women in Mathematics Series., eds. E. E. Eischen, L. Long, R. Pries, and K. E. Stange (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 125–159.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Pediatric Oncology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). Listen To The Sound Of Humanity’s Very First Language. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016). Social Security Offsets: Improvements to Program Design Could Better Assist Older Student Loan Borrowers with Obtaining Permitted Relief. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryant, D. (2012). A good story changes everything.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. (2016). The ‘Oldest Old’ Brave Another Year. New York Times, MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sharon, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Dey and Joshi, 2006; Sharon, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dey and Joshi, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Gu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Pediatric Oncology
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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