How to format your references using the Decision Analytics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Decision Analytics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Henrich J. Psychology. Rice, psychology, and innovation. Science. 2014 May 9;344(6184):593–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Norskov JK, Christensen CH. Chemistry. Toward efficient hydrogen production at surfaces. Science. 2006 Jun 2;312(5778):1322–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stroud RM, Nittler LR, Alexander CMO. Polymorphism in presolar Al2O3 grains from asymptotic giant branch stars. Science. 2004 Sep 3;305(5689):1455–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ogawa N, Hoshisashi K, Sekiguchi H, Ichiyanagi K, Matsushita Y, Hirohata Y, et al. Tracking 3D picometer-scale motions of single nanoparticles with high-energy electron probes. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:2201.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Assing D, Calé S. Mobile Access Safety. Hoboken, NJ 07030 USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Tiampo KF, Weatherley DK, Weinstein SA, editors. Earthquakes: Simulations, Sources and Tsunamis. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Hyslop-Margison E, Savarese J l. The Corporatization of the University. In: Mitchell RC, Moore SA, editors. Politics, Participation & Power Relations: Transdisciplinary Approaches to Critical Citizenship in the Classroom and Community. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012. p. 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Decision Analytics.

Blog post
Andrews R. Vast Magma Chambers Detected Beneath Mount St. Helens [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. International Aviation: Competition Issues in the U.S.-U.K. Market. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Jun. Report No.: T-RCED-97-103.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ports MO. Laterally associated proteins modulate α6 integrin cleavage, a permissive process utilized during cancer metastasis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L. Do More Guns Really Mean Fewer Gun Murders? Not Exactly. New York Times. 2017 Oct 4;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Henrich 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Henrich 2014; Norskov and Christensen 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Norskov and Christensen 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Ogawa et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleDecision Analytics
AbbreviationDecis. Anal.
ISSN (online)2193-8636

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