How to format your references using the Decision Analytics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Decision Analytics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Claeys M. Comment on “Unexpected epoxide formation in the gas-phase photooxidation of isoprene.” Science. 2010 Feb 5;327(5966):644; author reply 644.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dandekar P, Doherty MF. Materials science. Imaging crystallization. Science. 2014 May 16;344(6185):705–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bleichert F, Botchan MR, Berger JM. Crystal structure of the eukaryotic origin recognition complex. Nature. 2015 Mar 19;519(7543):321–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
van der Marel D, Molegraaf HJA, Zaanen J, Nussinov Z, Carbone F, Damascelli A, et al. Quantum critical behaviour in a high-T(c) superconductor. Nature. 2003 Sep 18;425(6955):271–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edwards DW. Risk Management in Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
David E, Larson K, Rogers A, Shehory O, Stein S, editors. Agent-Mediated Electronic Commerce. Designing Trading Strategies and Mechanisms for Electronic Markets: AMEC 2010, Toronto, ON, Canada, May 10, 2010, and TADA 2010, Cambridge, MA, USA, June 7, 2010 Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Green TM, Fisher B. The Personal Equation of Complex Individual Cognition during Visual Interface Interaction. In: Ebert A, Dix A, Gershon ND, Pohl M, editors. Human Aspects of Visualization: Second IFIP WG 13.7 Workshop on Human-Computer Interaction and Visualization, HCIV (INTERACT) 2009, Uppsala, Sweden, August 24, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 38–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Decision Analytics.

Blog post
Luntz S. Light From 12 BILLION Year Old Explosion Reaches Earth. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Regulatory Initiatives of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Jul. Report No.: GAO-01-885R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laffitte L. A Comparison of Pull-Out and Co-Teaching Models on the Reading Performance of Third through Fifth Grade Elementary Students with a Diagnosed Specific Learning Disability in Reading [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg E. Misconduct Complaint Against Christie Has Merit, Judge Says. New York Times. 2016 Oct 14;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Claeys 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Claeys 2010; Dandekar and Doherty 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dandekar and Doherty 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (van der Marel et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleDecision Analytics
AbbreviationDecis. Anal.
ISSN (online)2193-8636

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