How to format your references using the Decision Analytics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Decision Analytics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell K. Save now, don’t pay later. Nature. 2005 Jan 20;433(7023):336–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bauch CT, Galvani AP. Epidemiology. Social factors in epidemiology. Science. 2013 Oct 4;342(6154):47–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berton O, Hahn C-G, Thase ME. Are we getting closer to valid translational models for major depression? Science. 2012 Oct 5;338(6103):75–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Passino MA, Adams RA, Sikorski SL, Akassoglou K. Regulation of hepatic stellate cell differentiation by the neurotrophin receptor p75NTR. Science. 2007 Mar 30;315(5820):1853–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cannon DL. CISA®. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Vouros G, Artikis A, Stathis K, Pitt J, editors. Organized Adaption in Multi-Agent Systems: First International Workshop, OAMAS 2008, Estoril, Portugal, May 13, 2008. Revised and Invited Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Stadler K. Chunking Constructions. In: Steels L, editor. Computational Issues in Fluid Construction Grammar: A New Formalism for the Representation of Lexicons and Grammars. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 75–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Decision Analytics.

Blog post
Andrew D. Watch A Red-Hot Ball Of Nickel Melt A Bowl Of Jello From The Inside Out [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Gas Pipeline Safety: Views on Proposed Legislation to Reauthorize Pipeline Safety Provisions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Aug. Report No.: GAO-06-1027T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Machula M. Understanding and Predicting Teachers’ Knowledge of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey M, Walsh MW. Plan on Repaying Debt Is Presented to Detroit’s Creditors. New York Times. 2014 Jan 30;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bauch and Galvani 2013; Powell 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bauch and Galvani 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Passino et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleDecision Analytics
AbbreviationDecis. Anal.
ISSN (online)2193-8636

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