How to format your references using the ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rawlins, E.L., 2015. Stem cells: Emergency back-up for lung repair. Nature 517, 556–557.
A journal article with 2 authors
Plaçais, P.-Y., Preat, T., 2013. To favor survival under food shortage, the brain disables costly memory. Science 339, 440–442.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coumou, D., Lehmann, J., Beckmann, J., 2015. Climate change. The weakening summer circulation in the Northern Hemisphere mid-latitudes. Science 348, 324–327.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Seo, H.S., Yang, J.-Y., Ishikawa, M., Bolle, C., Ballesteros, M.L., Chua, N.-H., 2003. LAF1 ubiquitination by COP1 controls photomorphogenesis and is stimulated by SPA1. Nature 423, 995–999.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MacRoberts, 2014. MacRoberts on Scottish Construction Contracts. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Mouritz, A.P., 2006. Fire Properties of Polymer Composite Materials, Solid Mechanics and Its Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Ramtal, D., Dobre, A., 2011. Basic Physics Concepts, in: Dobre, A. (Ed.), The Essential Guide to Physics for Flash Games, Animation, and Simulations. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 91–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Human-Shaped Species Of Mushroom Discovered In UK [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. High Risk Series: Student Financial Aid (No. HR-95-10). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rankinen, W.A., 2014. The Sociophonetic and Acoustic Vowel Dynamics of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula English (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. In Mets’ Lost Season, Collins Defends His Decisions. New York Times D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rawlins, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Plaçais and Preat, 2013; Rawlins, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Plaçais and Preat, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Seo et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
AbbreviationISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)0924-2716
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Computers in Earth Sciences
Engineering (miscellaneous)
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles