How to format your references using the ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes, C.D., 2014. Air pollution and forest water use. Nature 507, E1-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams, W.M., Ceci, S.J., 2005. Recruiters and academia. Academics worry about hiring “undiscovered geniuses.” Nature 435, 534.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meloso, D., Copic, J., Bossaerts, P., 2009. Promoting intellectual discovery: patents versus markets. Science 323, 1335–1339.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wilson, R.W., Millero, F.J., Taylor, J.R., Walsh, P.J., Christensen, V., Jennings, S., Grosell, M., 2009. Contribution of fish to the marine inorganic carbon cycle. Science 323, 359–362.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, 2000. Guidelines for Process Safety in Outsourced Manufacturing Operations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Klees, S.J., Samoff, J., Stromquist, N.P. (Eds.), 2012. The World Bank and Education: Critiques and Alternatives, Comparative and International Education, A Diversity of Voices. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Han, F.X., Singer, A., 2007. Selective Sequential Dissolution For Trace Elements In Arid Zone Soils, in: Singer, A. (Ed.), Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements in Arid Environments, Environmental Pollution. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 107–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Two Malaria Vaccines Achieve Success In Early Trials [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. D.C. Nonappropriated Revenue (No. AIMD-94-71R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao, X., 2006. Exfoliation Corrosion Kinetics of High Strength Aluminum Alloys (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. Halep, Resigned to Defeat, Finds Out It’s Not Over Till It’s Over. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (King, 2010; Tannock, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams and Ceci, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Borges da Silva et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
AbbreviationISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)0924-2716
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Computers in Earth Sciences
Engineering (miscellaneous)
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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