How to format your references using the ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buskirk, S., 2004. Ecology. Keeping an eye on the neighbors. Science 306, 238–239.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abraham, R.T., Tibbetts, R.S., 2005. Cell biology. Guiding ATM to broken DNA. Science 308, 510–511.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eerenstein, W., Mathur, N.D., Scott, J.F., 2006. Multiferroic and magnetoelectric materials. Nature 442, 759–765.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Waller, R.F., Keeling, P.J., van Dooren, G.G., McFadden, G.I., 2003. Comment on “A green algal apicoplast ancestor.” Science 301, 49; author reply 49.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ezra, D., Collie, B., Smith, M.X., 2009. The Retirement Plan Solution. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chong, N.-Y., Cho, Y.-J. (Eds.), 2016. Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems: The 12th International Symposium, Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Hwang, W., 2015. Biofilament Dynamics: Line-to-Rod-Level Descriptions, in: De, S., Hwang, W., Kuhl, E. (Eds.), Multiscale Modeling in Biomechanics and Mechanobiology. Springer, London, pp. 63–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. World’s First Robot Lawyer Helps 160,000 People Void Their Parking Tickets [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. General Services Issues (No. OCG-93-28TR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Emale, J.M., 2010. An examination of how conglomerates impact small-medium enterprises in their relationship (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2016. Together Again, for Now: Hold Steady in Brooklyn. New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buskirk, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Abraham and Tibbetts, 2005; Buskirk, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abraham and Tibbetts, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Waller et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
AbbreviationISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)0924-2716
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Computers in Earth Sciences
Engineering (miscellaneous)
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles