How to format your references using the ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, R.F., 2000. BODY CHEMISTRY: Forensic Science on a Shoestring. Science 289, 857.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rohde, P.P., Dowling, J.P., 2015. QUANTUM OPTICS. The on-ramp to the all-optical quantum information processing highway. Science 349, 696.
A journal article with 3 authors
Quinto-Su, P.A., Suzuki, M., Ohl, C.-D., 2014. Fast temperature measurement following single laser-induced cavitation inside a microfluidic gap. Sci. Rep. 4, 5445.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fujishiro, T., Kawasaki, H., Aihara, M., Saeki, T., Ymagishi, R., Atarashi, T., Mayama, C., Araie, M., 2014. Establishment of an experimental ferret ocular hypertension model for the analysis of central visual pathway damage. Sci. Rep. 4, 6501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heller, D., 2011. Hairspray. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Yu, H., 2014. Design Exploration of Emerging Nano-scale Non-volatile Memory. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao, L., Sakr, S., Liu, A., Bouguettaya, A., 2014. Database Replication of NoSQL Database-as-a-Service, in: Sakr, S., Liu, A., Bouguettaya, A. (Eds.), Cloud Data Management. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 67–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. The Weather Channel Shuts Down Breitbart For Misleading Climate Change Article [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Intellectual Property: Risk and Enforcement Challenges (No. GAO-08-177T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ward, S., 2009. Historiography, prophecy, and literature: “Divina retribución” and its underlying ideological agenda (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Silver-Greenberg, J., Protess, B., 2016. Gun Control Groups Find a Wealthy Ally in Big Law. New York Times BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Rohde and Dowling, 2015; Service, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rohde and Dowling, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Fujishiro et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
AbbreviationISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)0924-2716
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Computers in Earth Sciences
Engineering (miscellaneous)
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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