How to format your references using the ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
ten Kate, K., 2002. Global genetic resources. Science and the Convention on Biological Diversity. Science 295, 2371–2372.
A journal article with 2 authors
Novikov, V.N., Sokolov, A.P., 2004. Poisson’s ratio and the fragility of glass-forming liquids. Nature 431, 961–963.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, R., He, Z., Luan, S., 2002. Functional relationship of cytochrome c(6) and plastocyanin in Arabidopsis. Nature 417, 567–571.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Faxén, K., Gilderson, G., Adelroth, P., Brzezinski, P., 2005. A mechanistic principle for proton pumping by cytochrome c oxidase. Nature 437, 286–289.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinberg, M.A., Segelnick, S.L., Insler, J.S., Kramer, S., 2015. The Dentist’s Quick Guide to Medical Conditions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Loo, C.K., Yap, K.S., Wong, K.W., Beng Jin, A.T., Huang, K. (Eds.), 2014. Neural Information Processing: 21st International Conference, ICONIP 2014, Kuching, Malaysia, November 3-6, 2014. Proceedings, Part III, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Tichavska, M., Cabrera, F., Tovar, B., Araña, V., 2015. Use of the Automatic Identification System in Academic Research, in: Moreno-Díaz, R., Pichler, F., Quesada-Arencibia, A. (Eds.), Computer Aided Systems Theory – EUROCAST 2015: 15th International Conference, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, February 8-13, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 33–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. The Boys Who Only Develop A Penis When They Hit The Age Of 12 [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Information Resources: Management Improvements Essential for Key Agriculture Automated Systems (No. IMTEC-90-85). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weitkunat, S., 2015. Facies and Log Analysis of the Tuscaloosa Marine Shale (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2017. Sorting a Comic’s Library of Laughs (and Letters and Bills and …). New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (ten Kate, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Novikov and Sokolov, 2004; ten Kate, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Novikov and Sokolov, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Faxén et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
AbbreviationISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)0924-2716
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Computers in Earth Sciences
Engineering (miscellaneous)
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles