How to format your references using the ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clark, J., 2009. Paleontology. Becoming T. rex. Science 326, 373–374.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fraser, P.J., Shelmerdine, R.L., 2002. Dogfish hair cells sense hydrostatic pressure. Nature 415, 495–496.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bryant, P., Nunes, T., Snaith, R., 2000. Children learn an untaught rule of spelling. Nature 403, 157–158.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mecher, E., Gallego-Gómez, F., Tillmann, H., Hörhold, H.-H., Hummelen, J.C., Meerholz, K., 2002. Near-infrared sensitivity enhancement of photorefractive polymer composites by pre-illumination. Nature 418, 959–964.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shynk, J.J., 2016. Mathematical Foundations for Linear Circuits and Systems in Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Pokorski, M. (Ed.), 2016. Respiratory Medicine and Science, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Herrington, J., 2008. Flex and AIR: Taking Applications to the Desktop, in: Herrington, J., Elrom, E., Mostafa, J. (Eds.), AdvancED Flex 3. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 181–206.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Early Scorpions May Have Transitioned To Land Earlier Than Thought [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Pipeline Safety: Preliminary Information on the Office of Pipeline Safety’s Enforcement Activities (No. GAO-04-826T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wahid, R., 2012. Quality of life of cancer patients receiving chemotherapy (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Nationals Stage a Late Comeback, Perhaps Exorcising Some Demons. New York Times SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clark, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Clark, 2009; Fraser and Shelmerdine, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fraser and Shelmerdine, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Mecher et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
AbbreviationISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)0924-2716
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Computers in Earth Sciences
Engineering (miscellaneous)
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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