How to format your references using the Frontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramamurthi, K. S. (2011). Molecular biology. mRNA delivers the goods. Science 331, 1021–1022.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yao, T., and Cohen, R. E. (2002). A cryptic protease couples deubiquitination and degradation by the proteasome. Nature 419, 403–407.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coulthard, G., Erb, W., and Aggarwal, V. K. (2012). Stereocontrolled organocatalytic synthesis of prostaglandin PGF2α in seven steps. Nature 489, 278–281.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Maeda, S., Hsu, L.-C., Liu, H., Bankston, L. A., Iimura, M., Kagnoff, M. F., et al. (2005). Nod2 mutation in Crohn’s disease potentiates NF-kappaB activity and IL-1beta processing. Science 307, 734–738.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prydie, D., and Hewitt, I. (2015). Practical Physiotherapy for Small Animal Practice. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Casas, F., and Martínez, V. eds. (2014). Advances in Differential Equations and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Wajnberg, E. (2010). “Genetics of the Behavioral Ecology of Egg Parasitoids,” in Egg Parasitoids in Agroecosystems with Emphasis on Trichogramma, eds. F. L. Consoli, J. R. P. Parra, and R. A. Zucchi (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 149–165.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2015). Humans Have More “Plastic,” Adaptable Brains Than Chimpanzees. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). [Comments on Responsibility for Peacetime Administration of Ready Reserve Fleet]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stewart, A. M. (2014). Estimation of urban-enhanced infiltration and groundwater recharge, Sierra Vista subbasin, southeast Arizona USA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2015). Friday File. New York Times, C34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ramamurthi, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Yao and Cohen, 2002; Ramamurthi, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yao and Cohen, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Maeda et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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