How to format your references using the Frontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grotzinger, J. P. (2014). Exploring martian habitability. Habitability, taphonomy, and the search for organic carbon on Mars. Introduction. Science 343, 386–387.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gong, C., and Maquat, L. E. (2011). lncRNAs transactivate STAU1-mediated mRNA decay by duplexing with 3’ UTRs via Alu elements. Nature 470, 284–288.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deng, H., Gerencser, A. A., and Jasper, H. (2015). Signal integration by Ca(2+) regulates intestinal stem-cell activity. Nature 528, 212–217.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ruby, N. F., Brennan, T. J., Xie, X., Cao, V., Franken, P., Heller, H. C., et al. (2002). Role of melanopsin in circadian responses to light. Science 298, 2211–2213.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peinado, A. M., and Segura, J. C. (2006). Speech Recognition Over Digital Channels. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Warren, N., and Manderson, L. eds. (2013). Reframing Disability and Quality of Life: A Global Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Palermo, G., Silvano, C., Zaccaria, V., Rigoni, E., Kavka, C., Turco, A., et al. (2011). “Response Surface Modeling for Design Space Exploration of Embedded System,” in Multi-objective Design Space Exploration of Multiprocessor SoC Architectures: The MULTICUBE Approach, eds. C. Silvano, W. Fornaciari, and E. Villar (New York, NY: Springer), 75–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Conjoined gray whale calves discovered off the coast of Mexico. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007). Rail Safety: The Federal Railroad Administration Is Better Targeting Its Oversight, but Needs to Assess the Impact of Its Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yi, M. (2015). Interrater reliability between novice and expert functional movement screen raters.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. (1990). STEAL THIS REVIEW. New York Times, 719.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grotzinger, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gong and Maquat, 2011; Grotzinger, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gong and Maquat, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Ruby et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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