How to format your references using the Frontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goymer, P. (2014). Biodiversity: Leaping lizards. Nature 513, 492.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lewcock, J. W., and Reed, R. R. (2003). Neuroscience. ORs rule the roost in the olfactory system. Science 302, 2078–2079.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kagawa, F., Miyagawa, K., and Kanoda, K. (2005). Unconventional critical behaviour in a quasi-two-dimensional organic conductor. Nature 436, 534–537.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shingo, T., Gregg, C., Enwere, E., Fujikawa, H., Hassam, R., Geary, C., et al. (2003). Pregnancy-stimulated neurogenesis in the adult female forebrain mediated by prolactin. Science 299, 117–120.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Braha, A., and Groza, G. (2006). Moderne Abwassertechnik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Bekkevold, J. I., and Till, G. eds. (2016). International Order at Sea: How it is challenged. How it is maintained. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Miyazaki, M., Yamashita, T., Taira, H., and Suzuki, A. (2008). “The Biological Function of Cauxin, a Major Urinary Protein of the Domestic Cat (Felis catus),” in Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 11, eds. J. L. Hurst, R. J. Beynon, S. C. Roberts, and T. D. Wyatt (New York, NY: Springer), 51–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017). Psychopaths May Have Below Average Levels Of Intelligence, Despite Their Reputation. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987). Federal Aviation Administration’s Acquisition of the Advanced Automation System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skinner, M. (2008). Enamel -dentine junction morphology of extant hominoid and fossil hominin lower molars.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg, E., and Stack, L. (2017). Times Square Chaos as Driver Kills a Woman and Injures 22. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goymer, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lewcock and Reed, 2003; Goymer, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lewcock and Reed, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Shingo et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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