How to format your references using the Frontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pi-Sunyer, X. (2003). A clinical view of the obesity problem. Science 299, 859–860.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sáez, A. G., and Lozano, E. (2005). Body doubles. Nature 433, 111.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lavine, M., Frisk, M., and Pennisi, E. (2012). Biomaterials. Introduction. Science 338, 899.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fu, D., Uauy, C., Distelfeld, A., Blechl, A., Epstein, L., Chen, X., et al. (2009). A kinase-START gene confers temperature-dependent resistance to wheat stripe rust. Science 323, 1357–1360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, and American Industrial Hygiene Association (2009). Continuous Monitoring for Hazardous Material Releases. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tsang, S., and Men, H. eds. (2016). China in the Xi Jinping Era. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hillard, E. A., Vessières, A., and Jaouen, G. (2010). “Ferrocene Functionalized Endocrine Modulators as Anticancer Agents,” in Medicinal Organometallic Chemistry Topics in Organometallic Chemistry., eds. G. Jaouen and N. Metzler-Nolte (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 81–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Space Debris: What Can We Do With Unwanted Satellites? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). Mass Transit Grants: UMTA Needs to Increase Safety Focus at Local Transit Authority. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shibata, C. L. (2017). Building positive body image in adolescent girls: An evaluation of a body image prevention program.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007). Town of Oyster Bay Seeks To Develop Waterfront Plan. New York Times, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pi-Sunyer, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Pi-Sunyer, 2003; Sáez and Lozano, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sáez and Lozano, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Fu et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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