How to format your references using the Frontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Waal, F. B. M. (2005). A century of getting to know the chimpanzee. Nature 437, 56–59.
A journal article with 2 authors
Megens, M., and Aizenberg, J. (2003). Capillary attraction: like-charged particles at liquid interfaces. Nature 424, 1014; discussion 1014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huber, D., Veinante, P., and Stoop, R. (2005). Vasopressin and oxytocin excite distinct neuronal populations in the central amygdala. Science 308, 245–248.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Niittylä, T., Messerli, G., Trevisan, M., Chen, J., Smith, A. M., and Zeeman, S. C. (2004). A previously unknown maltose transporter essential for starch degradation in leaves. Science 303, 87–89.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wystup, U. (2006). FX Options and Structured Products. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Engels, G., Lewerentz, C., Schäfer, W., Schürr, A., and Westfechtel, B. eds. (2010). Graph Transformations and Model-Driven Engineering: Essays Dedicated to Manfred Nagl on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Falmagne, J.-C., and Doble, C. (2015). “Defining Meaningfulness,” in On Meaningful Scientific Laws, ed. C. Doble (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 59–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017). Here Are Gifs Of Crash Test Dummies In An Airplane To Remind You That Things Are Terrible. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Workforce Development: Community Colleges and One-Stop Centers Collaborate to Meet 21st Century Workforce Needs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baldasaro, R. E. (2013). Person level analysis in latent growth curve models.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2017). A Creative Enclave That Welcomes the Eclectic. New York Times, RE13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Waal, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Megens and Aizenberg, 2003; de Waal, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Megens and Aizenberg, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Niittylä et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Plant Metabolism and Chemodiversity
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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